DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20211269

Study of prevalence of anaemia and its socio demographic co-relates among adolescent girls of Bhopal city

Shweta Shrivastava, Preshant Shrivastava, Veena Melwani

Abstract


Background: The present study was planned to assess the prevalence of anemia and study its socio-demographic correlates among adolescents’ girls of 10-19 years in Bhopal city (M.P).

Methods: The study was conducted as a community based cross-sectional study on 640 adolescent girls residing in selected ward and willing to participate in the study. Detailed history as mentioned in questionnaire was obtained. Assessment of the anemia status was carried out using Hemoglobin Color Scale (HCS). Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics chi square test were used for the inferential statistics. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls was 72.8%. Anemia was found to be highly significantly associated with education and occupation of parent’s, socio economic status and BMI (p<0.05). Also, anemia was significantly associated with birth order, amount and days of menstrual blood flow (p<0.05)

Conclusions: Anemia is highly prevalent in adolescent girls. Evidence suggests that there is need to emphasize on corrective measures for anemia in adolescent girls of 10-19 years before they enter adolescence so as to compensate the additional requirement for growth and development during puberty and combat the extra losses during menstruation.


Keywords


Anemia, Adolescent girls, Risk factors, Socioeconomic status

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kraemer K, Zimmermann MB. Nutritional Anemia. Worldwide prevalence of anemia in preschool aged children, pregnant women and non-pregnant women of reproductive age. Sight and life press.

Gupta P, Ghai OP, Editors. Textbook of Preventive & Social Medicine. 2nd ed. New Delhi: CBS Publishers & Distributors. 2007.

Chaudhary SM, Dhage V R. A study of anemia among adolescent females in the urban area of Nagpur. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2008;33: 243-5.

Dhirar N, Dudeja S, Khandekar J, Bachani D. Childhood Morbidity and Mortality in India—Analysis of National Family Health Survey 4 (NFHS-4) Findings. Indian pediatrics. 2018;55(4):335-8.

Kakkar R, Kakkar M, Kandpal SD, Jethani S. Study of anemia in adolescent school girls of Bhopal. Indian journal of community health. 2011;23(1):38-40.

Kaur S, Deshmukh PR, Garg BS. Epidemiological correlates of nutritional anemia in adolescent girls of rural Wardha. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2006;31:255-583.

Khatoon T, Verma AK, Kumari R, Rupani R, Singh M, Rizvi A. Age at menarche and affecting bio-social factors among the girls of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine. 2011;33(3)221-3.

World Health Organization. Programming for adolescent health and development. Technical report series No.886, WHO, Geneva. 1999:2.

Verma A, Rawal V, Kedia G, Kumar D. Chauhan J. factors influencing anemia among girls of school going age (6-18years)from the slums of Ahemdabad city. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2004;29(1):25.

Melwani V, Dubey M, Khan A, Toppo M, Choudhary Y, Priya A. A study to assess the prevalence of anaemia amongst adolescent girls residing in selected slum of Bhopal city. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5:1096-9.

Biradar SS, Biradar SP, Alatagi A, Wantamutte A, Malur P. Prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls: A one year cross-sectional study. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2012;40:1-6.

Rawat CMS, Garg SK, Singh JV, Bhatnagar M. Socio demographic correlates of anemia among adolescent girls in rural areas of District Meerut (UP). Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2001;26(4):173-5.

Kulkarni MV, Durge P, kasturwar N. Prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls in an urban slum. National Journal of Community Medicine. 2012;3(1):108-11.

Kuldeep JD, Sheetal KD, Narendra SM, Hrishikesh AK, Vivek SB. Prevalence and Sociodemographic Factors Related to Anemia Among Adolescent Girls in a Rural Area of Aurangabad District, Maharashtra. Int J Sci Stud. 2014;2(8):19-23.

Deshpande NS, Karva D, Agarkhedkar S, Deshpande S. Prevalence of anemia in adolescent girls and its co-relation with demographic factors. Int J Med Public Health. 2013;3:235-9.

Sachan B, Idris MZ, Singh A. Effect of socio-demographic characteristics on the prevalence of anemia among school going adolescent girls in Lucknow district, India: south east Asia Journal of Public Health. 2012;2(1):8-12.

Pattnaik S, Patnaik L, Kumar A, Sahu T. Prevalence of Anemia among adolescent girls in a rural area of Odisha and its epidemiological correlates Indian Journal of Maternal and Child Health. 2012;15(1):1-10JA.

Gupta A, Parashar A, Thakur A, SharmaD. Anemia among adolescent girls in shimla hills of north India: Does BMI and onset of menarche have a role? Indian J Med Sci. 2012;66:126-30.

Goel S, Gupta B. Low anemia prevalence among adolescents of an urban hilly community. Indian J Comm Medic. 2007;32(1):67-8.