DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20211265

Prevalence of needle stick injuries among health care workers of various hospitals: a cross sectional study in an urban district of North India

Shweta Rajpal, Sunil Kumar Garg, Tanveer Bano, Ganesh Singh

Abstract


Background: Needle stick injuries (NSI) are one of the dreaded but preventable occupational hazard posed to health care worker in various clinical settings. The causes of NSI includes injuries caused by use of hypodermic needles, blood collection needles, needles in intravenous delivery systems, needles in diagnostic aspiration procedures and needle in interventional or surgical procedures. In developing countries, needle stick injuries prevalence is also related to lack of standard operating protocol in various institution.

Methods: A cross sectional observational study was carried out in 384 paramedical, technical, auxiliary and sanitary staff of three government and three private hospitals of Meerut from November 2015 to October 2016.

Results: In our study, Overall prevalence of NSI was 77/384 (20.1%). Among sub-groups, needle stick injury was 26.6% and 31.3% in nurses, 37.5% and 16.7% in technicians, 15% and 12.5% in wardboys/aaya and 15.6% and 9.4% in sweepers of public and private hospitals respectively.

Conclusions: Standard operating protocol is the need of the hour at every medical institution and hospitals for NSI. Regular training regarding NSI, promoting early reporting and availability of immediate Post exposure prophylaxis should be ensured.


Keywords


Hospital, Healthcare workers, Needle injury

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ustun PA, Rapiti E, Hutin Y. Sharps injuries: Global burden of disease from sharps injuries to health-care workers. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2003. (WHO Environmental Burden of Disease Series, No. 3) Available at https://statsghana.gov.gh/gssmain/storage/img/marqueeupdater/Census2010_Summary_report_of_final_results.pdf. Accessed on 20 November 2020.

Goel V, Kumar D, Lingaiah R, Singh S. Occurrence of needlestick and injuries among health-care workers of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in north India. J Lab Physicians. 2017;9:20-5.

Au E, Gossage JA, Bailey SR. The reporting of needle stick injuries sustained in theatre by surgeons: Are we under-reporting? J Hosp Infect. 2008;70:66-70.

Elder A, Paterson C. Sharps injuries in UK health care: A review of injury rates, viral transmission and potential efficacy of safety devices. Occup Med. 2006;56:566-74.

Norsayani MY, Hassim NI. Study on incidence of needle stick injury and factors associated with this problem among medical students. J Occup Health. 2003;45:172-8.

Moses SC, Pearson RD, Perry J, Jagger J. Risks to health care workers in developing countries. New England J Med. 2001;345:538-41.

Radha R, Khan A. Epidemiology of needle stick injuries among the healthcare workers of a rural tertiary care hospital a cross-sectional Study. Nat J Community Med. 2012;3:589-94.

Kermode M, Jolley D, Langkham B, Thomas MS, Crofts N. Occupational exposure to blood and risk of bloodborne virus infection among health care workers in rural north Indian health care settings. Am J Infect Control. 2005;33:34-41.

Sriram S. Study of needle stick injuries among healthcare providers: evidence from a teaching hospital in India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2019;8:599-603.

International Health Care Workers Safety Center. Exposure prevention information network (EPI net) Data reports; Charlottesville: University of Virginia; 1999:97.

Salelkar S, Motghare DD, Kulkarni MS, Vaz FS. Study of needle stick injuries among health care workers at a tertiary care hospital. Indian J Public Health. 2010;54:18-20.

Askarian M, Malekmakan L. The prevalence of needlestick injuries in medical, dental, nursing and midwifery students at the university teaching hospitals of Shiraz, Iran. Indian J Med Sci. 2006;60:227-32.

Lee LK. Implications of the prevalence of needle stick injuries in a general hospital in Malaysia and its risk in clinical practice. Environ Health Prev Med. 2005;10:33-41.