DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20210815

Formative research on infant mortality rate in Manipur

Markordor Lyngdoh, Brogen Singh Akoijam

Abstract


Background: IMR is universally regarded as the most important indicator of the health status of a community. Objectives was too triangulate low infant mortality data in Manipur using qualitative data in a district.

Methods: A formative research was conducted in Bishnupur area of Manipur in November-December 2017 among health care workers using in-depth interviews. A total of 15 in-depth interviews were transcribed and analysed with qualitative content analysis.

Results: Themes emerging out of analysis included well-equipped health care facilities, efficiency of health workers, parent’s awareness, record maintenance, problems faced by the hilly areas and Government schemes.

Conclusions: All the participants are of the agreement that IMR in Manipur is low.


Keywords


Formative research, Healthcare workers, Infant mortality rate

Full Text:

PDF

References


Krishna V, Shashidhar R, Smitha D. Infant mortality trends in India: a review of health system. OIDA International J of sustainable development. 2016;9(07):15-22.

Sharifzadeh GR, Namakin K, Mehrjoufard H. An Epidemiological study on Infant Mortality and factors affecting it in Rural Areas of Birjand, Iran. Iran J Pediatr. 2008;18 4):335-42.

Darmstadt GL, Bhutta ZA, Cousens S, Adam T, Walker N, De Bernis L. Lancet Neonatal Survival Steering Team. Evidence-based, cost-effective interventions: How many newborn babies can we save?. The Lancet. 2005;365(9463):977-88.

Puranik A, Binu VS, Biju S, Subba SH. Spatio-temporal assessment of infant mortality rate in India. Indian J Public Health. 2018;62:32-8.

Mishra AK, Sahanaa C, Manikandan M. Forecasting Indian infant mortality rate: An application of autoregressive integrated moving average model. J Fam Community Med. 2019;26(2):123.

UNICEF (2017). Levels and trends in child mortality report 2017. UN Inter-agency Group for child mortality estimation. Available at: https://www.unicef.org/publications/index_101071.html. SRS(2016). SRS Statistical Report. Office of the Registrar general and census commissioner, India ministry of home affairs government of India. Available at: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/ vital_statistics/SRS_Report_2016/8.Chap%204-Mortality%20Indicators-2016.

Bhatia M, Dwivedi LK, Ranjan M, Dixit P, Putcha V. Trends, patterns and predictive factors of infant and child mortality in well and underperforming states of India: a secondary analysis using National Family Health surveys. BMJ Open. 2019;9(3).

Anand K, Kant S, Kumar G, Kapoor SK. “Development” is not essential to reduce infant mortality rate in India: experience from the Ballabgarh project. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000;54(4):247-53.

Shetty A, Shetty S. The impact of female literacy on infant mortality rate in Indian States. Curr Pediatr Res. 2014;18(1):49-56.

Gonzalez RM, Gilleskie D. Infant mortality rate as a measure of a country’s health: a robust method to improve reliability and comparability. Demography. 2017;54(2):701-20.

Chatterjee R, Chatterjee S. Cost-effective recruitment need for 24x7 paediatricians in the state general hospitals in relation to the reduction of infant mortality. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016;10(10):SC01-3.

Russo LX, Scott A, Sivey P, Dias J. Primary care physicians and infant mortality: Evidence from Brazil. PloS one. 2019;14(5):e0217614.

Choudhury PK. Explaining the role of parental education in the regional variations in infant mortality in India. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies. 2015;2(3):544-72.

Merli MG. Underreporting of births and infant deaths in rural China: Evidence from field research in one county of Northern China. The China Quarterly. 1998;155:637-55.

Burke L, Suswardany DL, Michener K, Mazurki S, Adair T, Elmiyati C, Rao C. Utility of local health registers in measuring perinatal mortality: a case study in rural Indonesia. BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2011;11(1):20.

Sinha S, David S, Gerdin M, Roy N. Vulnerabilities of local healthcare providers in complex emergencies: findings from the Manipur micro-level insurgency database 2008-2009. PLoS currents. 2013;5.