Spatial analysis of dengue hemorrhagic fever in Talaud Islands regency

Chreisye K. F. Mandagi, Angela F. C. Kalesaran, Febi K. Kolibu


Background: The number of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) cases in Indonesia from January to February 2016 was 8,487 with 108 deaths. DHF is an infectious disease that continues to increase from 2014 until 2016 in Manado city. DHF cases in Talaud Islands Regency from 2014 to 2016 were 143 cases. Regional spatial analysis would simplify the distribution of DHF cases in high-risk areas. To be aware of the DHF outbreak cycle, it is necessary to model spatial risk factors based on geographic information systems (GIS) to tackle and eradicate DHF cases by region.

Methods: This study aimed to analyze the spread of DHF in Talaud regency based on age, sex, population density and area height. The design of this research is qualitative analytic by using an ecological study approach. The research scope was 19 districts in Talaud regency. Secondary data are used which consists of case number, age, sex, population density, and area height taken from the Talaud district health office with 66 DHF cases in 2018-2019 and analyzed using the GIS approach through spatial analysis.

Results: Based on the number of DHF cases that is most in the age group of 5-11 years. Male gender is more likely to suffer from DHF than female. Spatial description of the condition of the altitude in the Talaud Islands regency at risk of suffering from DHF is>50 meters above sea level. Spatial description of population density with most DHF cases is not densely populated area with less than 1,620 inhabitants per km.

Conclusions: The health office of Talaud islands regency needs to actively promote health by providing information about eradicating mosquitoes.


Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Distribution, Spatial analysis

Full Text:



WHO. Dengue and severe dengue, 2016. Availabe at fs117/en/. Accessed on 09 April 2019.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Situasi DBD di Indonesia. Jakarta: Infodatin Pusat Data dan Informasi; 2016.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. KLB DBD Ada Di 11 Provinsi, 2016. Availabe at Accessed on 09 April 2019.

Ditjen PP, PL R. Informasi Pengendalian Penyakit dan Penyehatan Lingkungan. Ditjen PP-PL. Departemen Kesehatan RI. Indonesia. 2007.

Manado DKK. Profil Kesehatan Kota Manado. Manado: Dinas Kesehatan Kota Manado; 2016.

Sulut DKP. Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Sulut Tahun 2016. Manado: Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Sulawesi Utara; 2016.

Achmadi UF. Manajemen Demam Berdarah Berbasis Wilayah. Buletin Jendela Epidemiologi. 2010;2.

Achmadi, U. F. Manajemen Penyakit Berbasis Wilayah. Jakarta: UI Press; 2014.

Hasyim, H. Analisis Spasial Demam Berdarah Dengue di Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Jurnal Pembangunan Manusia; 2009.

Kurniawati R. Analisis Spasial Sebaran Kasus Demam Berdarah Dengue. Spatial Analysis of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Distribution in Jember. 2014.

Istiqamah SN, Arsin AA, Salmah AU, Mallongi A. Correlation Study between Elevation, Population Density, and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Kendari City in 2014–2018. Acce Macedon J Med Sci. 2020;8(T2):63-6.

Sucipto PT, Raharjo M, Nurjazuli N. Faktor–faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian penyakit demam berdarah dengue (DBD) dan jenis serotipe virus dengue di Kabupaten Semarang. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia. 2015;14(2):51-6.

Paomey VC, Nelwan JE, Kaunang WP. Sebaran Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue Berdasarkan Ketinggian Dan Kepadatan Penduduk Di Kecamatan Malalayang Kota Manado Tahun 2019. Kesmas. 2019;8(6).

Djati AP, Pramestuti N. Distribusi vektor demam berdarah Dengue (DBD) daerah perkotaan dan perdesaan di Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Indones Bullet Heal Res. 2013;41(3):20680.

Lestari K. Epidemiologi Dan Pencegahan Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) Di Indonesia. Farmaka. 2007;5(3):12-29.