DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20210808

Attitude towards childhood vaccination among parents in a rural area of Trivandrum district

Nithya Girija, Deena Divakaran Sreelatha, Benny Purandaran Vasanthamani, Anil Bindhu Sukumaran, Regi Jose, Manju Leelavathy, Divija ., Ramiz Raja

Abstract


Background: Vaccines are simple and widely accepted as one of the most important medical strategy of modern world in the prevention of morbidity and mortality. In order to ensure the protective benefits of vaccines, it is essential that the vaccine coverage should reach between 80-100% of a population, with required coverage dependent on the concerned vaccine and the illness that it is designed to prevent. Vaccine hesitancy is defined as the reluctance to be vaccinated or have one's children vaccinated. In this study, we assess the attitude of parents towards childhood vaccinations and the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy among parents in a rural area in Thiruvananthapuram district.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among parents of children below the age of 15 years, who are residents of a rural area in Thiruvananthapuram district. Data was collected using the parents’ attitude about childhood vaccination (PACV) survey, with the consent of the participants. The collected data entered into MS Excel and analysis was carried out using SPSS 20.

Results: Out of 100 participating parents, 14 (14%) parents were concerned about the adverse events following immunization (AEFI). At the same time, the maximum score obtained on the PACV scale was just 24 out of 100. Further, vaccine hesitancy among the parents was found to be only 2 (2%).

Conclusions: There is good vaccine acceptance among the parents residing in a rural area, even though many are from low socio-economic status.

 


Keywords


Vaccine, Immunization, Vaccine hesitancy, AEFI, PACV, Vaccine preventable diseases

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