Knowledge on essential newborn care among antenatal mothers attending tertiary care hospital

Aravindan J., Indira N. C., Mithun Kumar A.


Background: Globally 4 million newborn die every year before they reach the age of one month. To achieve the millennium developmental goals newborn survival is essential. Aim of the study was to assess the level of knowledge of antenatal women on essential new born care and danger signs during neonatal period, to find the association of sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics with maternal knowledge level. Settings and design included descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: The study enrolled 439 antenatal women by convenient sampling technique. A pretested semi structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge. Statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) 21 version was used to analysis the data. Chi square was calculated to find the association. P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The study shows that 16.7% respondents had adequate knowledge about danger signs during neonatal period. The maternal age, parity, socioeconomic status, parity had significantly associated with the maternal knowledge regarding new-born care (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Majority of the ante natal mother had poor knowledge on new born care.


New born danger signs, New born, Essential new born care

Full Text:



C Rajaratnam JK, Marcus JR, Flaxman AD, Wang H, Levin-Rector A, Dwyer L, Costa M, Lopez AD, Murray CJ. Neonatal, postneonatal, childhood, and under-5 mortality for 187 countries, 1970–2010: a systematic analysis of progress towards millennium development goal 4. Lancet. 2010;375(9730):1988-2008.

Opara PI, Jaja T, Dotimi AD, Alex Hart BA. Newborn Cord Care Practices amongst Mothers in Yenogoa Local Governmental Area, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Int J Clin Med. 2011;22-7.

Neonatal mortality. 2017. Available at: Accessed on: 10 September 2020.

Newborn death and illness - WHO. Available at: Accessed on: 20 September 2020

Marsh DR, Darmstadt GL, Moore J, Daly P, Oot D, Tinker A. Advancing newborn health and survival in developing countries: a conceptual framework. J Perinatol. 2002;22(7):572-6.

Darmstadt GL, Bhutta ZA, Cousens S, Adam T, Walker N, de Bernis L. Evidence-based, cost-effective interventions: how many newborn babies can we save? Lancet. 2005;365(9463):977-88.

Yadav MK. A Study to Assess the Knowledge, Practices and Attitude of Primigravida Mothers on Newborn Care at JJR Maternity Centre. Karnataka, Bangalore, India. 2013.

Monebenimp F, Mireille EM, Chelo D, Pascal F, Christopher K, Charles K. Mothers’ Knowledge and Practice on Essential Newborn Care at Health Facilities in Garoua City, Cameroon. Health Science. 2013;1-6.

Sharafi R, Esmaeeli H. Knowledge assessment of neonatal care among postnatal mothers. Ir J Neonatol. 2013;4:28-31.

Yadav SP, Saund M, Thakur J, Yadav P, Yadav S, Shah GS. Knowledge, attitude and practices on the care of the newborn in postnatal mothers delivering at a tertiary care centre in Nepal. Sri Lanka J Child Health. 2016;45(3):189.

Awasthi S, Verma T, Agarwal M. Danger signs of neonatal illnesses perception of care givers and health workers amongst mothers in India. Bull World Health Organization. 2006;84(10):819-26.

Rama R, Gopalakrishnan S, Udayshankar PM. Assessment of knowledge regarding new-born care among mothers in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu. Int J Comm Med Public Health. 2014;1(1):58.

Anu D, Anu J, Anu PS, Anumol K, Arya J, Shilpa GS, et al. Knowledge on warning signs of newborn illness among the mothers with a view to develop an information booklet. Am Int J Res Hum Arts Soc Sci. 2013;4(1):92-4.

Devi S. Knowledge of mothers regarding the growth and development of infants. Int J Nurs Care. 2013;1(2):125-8.

Obimbo E, Musoke RN, Were F. Knowledge attitude and practices of mothers and knowledge of health workers regarding care of newborn umbilical cord. East Afr Med J. 1999;76(8):425-9.

Asifpadiyath M, vishnuBhat B, Ekambaram H. Knowledge attitude and practice of neonatal care among postnatal mothers. JIPMER, Puducherry, India. 2010;14:7-12.