Promotion of mental health and well-being in Indian prisons

Arjyalopa Mishra, Amartya Shreya, Anuj Shukla


Decades of study on prison sociology have sought answers to questions pertaining to the social organization of the prison community. Various researchers expressed their opinion, stating that incarceration has a negative psychological impact. Indian Prisons framework it is seen that the penitentiaries are exceptionally stuffed, this in a situation where the crime percentage has expanded alarmingly which further extends the overburdened detainment facilities. This study is aims to review the documentation of committee reports which were attempts to observe the changes in the Indian Prison Structure. It also makes an attempt to explore the behavior, cognitions and emotional adjustments as different variables in understanding the adaptation process in the Prison set up. Overall, it also attempts to highlight the state of wellbeing and promotion of mental health in the Indian Correctional Systems as major reforms to be incorporated.


Mental health, Correctional systems, Indian prisons, Prison reforms

Full Text:



Chambliss W. Corrections (Key Issues in Crime and Punishment). SAGE Publications. 1st ed. Thousand Oaks; 2011.

Harrendorf S, Heiskanen M, Malby S. International Statistics on Crime and Justice. European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, Affiliated with the United Nations; 2010.

Prakash O, Sanger K, Sharma N, Singh A. Effect of Incarceration on Well Being of Prisoners: A Study among Convicted and Under-trials. Int J Indian Psychol. 2015;3(1).

Bhuyan N, Das T. Prevalence of Depression among the Under-Trial prisoners (UTPs) of Odisha. Indian J Health Well Being. 2012;3(3):750-3.

Agarwal S, Mitra P. Period of Imprisonment and Mental Well Being of Female Prisoners Inhabitant of Lucknow Jail, Uttar Pradesh, India. Res J Family Community Consumer Sci. 2017;5(1):1-7.

Scott D, Flynn N. Prisons and Punishment. SAGE Publications. 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks; 2008.

Partyka R. Stress and Coping Styles of Female Prison Inmates. Theses and Dissertations; 2001.

Hemmens C, Stohr M, Walsh A. Corrections (Reader Series in Criminology and Criminal Justice). SAGE Publications Ltd. 3rd ed. California; 2009.

Odisha State Legal Services Authority, Odisha. A Study on Prisons in Odisha, 2013. Available at: Accessed on 5th September 2020.

Singh DJ, Randhawa G. Analysis of Challenges faced by Indian Prisons System. IOSR J Humanities Social Sci. 2015;20(11).

Sinha S. Adjustment and Mental Health Problem in Prisoners. Industrial Psychiatry J. 2010;19(2):101-4.

Glaze L, James D. Mental Health Problems of Prison and Jail Inmates. Bureau Justice Statistics. 2006;104(12):2328-233.

Alam S, Das O, Lon Z. Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Psychological Well Being of Male Police Personnel. Journal Indian Academy Applied Psychology. 2011;37(1):47-52.

Bayford J, Cowe F, Deering J. What Else Works: Creative Work with Offender. Oregon: Willian Publishing, SAGE J Publications; 2010.

Chauhan P, Hurt S, Loper A, Warren J. Exploring Prison Adjustment among Female Inmates: Issues of Measurement and Prediction. Criminal Justice Behaviour, SAGE Journal. 2004;31(5):624-45.

Anuoluwapo A, Kolawale B, Victoria B. Perceived Social Stigmatization and Coping Strategies as Predictors of Psychological Well Being among Female Partners of Prisoners. J Social Sci. 2014;10(1):15-25.

Picken J. The Coping Strategies, Adjustment and Well Being of Male Inmates in the Prison Environment. Internet J Criminology. 2012:192-218.

National Crime Records Bureau, India. Prison Statistics in India, 2015. Available at: Accessed on 10 September 2020.

Dass SR. Punishment and the Prison: Indian and International Perspectives. SAGE Publications. 1st ed. New Delhi; 2000.