DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20205709

Knowledge, awareness and attitude on infant organ donation among medical students

Raveena R. Kataria, Himaad M. Hullur, Anjum Sayyed, Shilpa A. Pratinidhi

Abstract


Background: In India, without a viable donor nearly 5 lakh people die each year from organ failure. Infant organ donation, though a rare global phenomenon has been gaining momentum in transplantation and research. As future doctors who may counsel a potential donor family, medical students need an expanded knowledge and attitude to promote organ donation. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the present knowledge of medical students, to identify areas lacking and to suggest measures to close these gaps.

Methods: A uniquely designed questionnaire of open and closed ended questions related both to general and infant organ donation was distributed. Following this, an educational intervention was given and post intervention responses were calculated.

Results: Overall improvement was seen after giving educational intervention about infant organ donation. Out of 65 participants, 23% (n=15) were aware about organ donation and organ donation day which improved to 92% (n=60). Only 8% (n=5) were initially familiar with paediatric organ donation, which increased to 94% (n=61). The support for paediatric organ donation increased from 65% (n=42) to 97% (n=63).

Conclusions: Infant organ donation has unexplored potentials which can alter thousands of lives each year. As receptive learners and future physicians, medical students are most likely to understand these advancing medical sciences and its real life application. Our study demonstrates the substantial changes in student’s attitudes on foetal donation by a brief exposure through teaching sessions. Hence, lectures on progressive medical interventions such as infant organ donation should be encouraged in first year M.B.B.S itself.


Keywords


Awareness, Infant, Organ donation, First MBBS students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Moneycontrol. 2020. India Most 'Willing' Country To Donate Organs, But This Isn't Helping The Organ Donation Rate. Available at: https://www.moneycontrol.com/news/trends/health-trends/india-most-willing-country-to-donate-organs-but-this-isnt-helping-the-organ-donation-rate-2779141.html. Accessed 18 July 2020.

Sarnaik AA. Neonatal and Pediatric Organ Donation: Ethical Perspectives and Implications for Policy. Front. Pediatr. 2015;3:100.

Ethics Committee, American College of Critical Care Medicine; Society of Critical Care Medicine. Recommendations for non-heart beating organ donation. A position paper by the Ethics Committee, American College of Critical Care Medicine, Society of Critical Care Medicine. Crit Care Med. 2001;29(9):1826-31.

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Health Care at the Crossroads: Strategies for Narrowing the Organ Donation Gap and Protecting Patients. Public Policy Initiative; 2004. Available at: www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/18/organ_donation_white_paper.pdf. Accessed on 09 April 2013.

DeVita MA, Snyder JV. Development of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center policy for the care of terminally ill patients who may become organ donors after death following the removal of life support. Kennedy Inst Ethics J. 1993;3(2):131-43.

Government of India Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Department of Health and Family Welfare Medical Services Section, 2020. Available from: https://main.mohfw.gov.in/sites/default/files/expansion%20thota.pdf. Accessed 18 July 2020.

Rhides R. The Littlest Donors: Neonatal Organ Donation Offers Hope In Tragedy, 2015. Available from: https://www.nbcnews.com/health/kids-health/littlest-donors-neonatal-organ-donation-offers-hope-tragedy-n51436. Accessed July 05, 2020.

IIAM. Neonatal Donation, 2020. Available from: https://iiam.org/neonatal-donation. Accessed July 05 2020.

News I. ‘Brain dead’ babies too can donate organs now | India News - Times of India. The Times of India, 2020 Available from: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/panel-drafts-norms-for-infant-organ-donations/articleshow/70016642.cms. Accessed 18 July 2020.

Tontus H, Karabey M, Gurdal N. Survey of Medical students’ attitudes, religious beliefs, and knowledge of organ Donation. Organs, Tissues cells. 2011;14:203-6.

Service T. PGI's youngest-ever donor, all of 70 hours, saves life in death, 2020. Available from https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/chandigarh/pgis-youngest-ever-donor-all-of-70-hours-saves-life-in-death-44942. Accessed July 05 2020.

Rodrigue JR, Cornell DL, Howard RJ. Pediatric organ donation: what factors most influence parents' donation decisions? Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2008;9(2):180-5.

Sawhney C, Kaur M, Lalwani S, Gupta B, Balakrishnan I, Vij A. Organ Retrieval and banking in brain dead trauma patients:Our experience at level-1 trauma centre and current views. Ind J Anaes. 2013;57(3):241-7.

Schaeffner ES, Windisch W, Friedel K, et al. Knowledge and attitude-organ donation among medical students and physicians. Transplant. 2004;77(11):1714-8.

Sucharitha ST, Siriki R, Dugyala RR, Mullai P, Roshini K. Organ Donation: Awareness, attitudes and beliefs among undergraduate medical students in South India. Natl J Res Community Med. 2013;2(2):79-148.

Deepthi K, Sunith S, Devi MB. Perceptions of medical students in a government medical college towards organ donation. J Evid Based Med Heal. 2015;2:7998-8005.

Ramadurg UY, Gupta A. Impact of an Educational Intervention on Increasing the Knowledge and Changing the Attitude and Beliefs towards Organ Donation among Medical Students. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014;8(5):JC05-JC7.

Hamed H, Awad ME, Youssef KN, Fouda B, Nakeeb AE, Wahab A. Knowledge and attitudes about organ donation among medical students in Egypt: A questionnaire. J Transplant Technol Res. 2016;6:155.

Chawla H, Tyagi A, Malhotra R, Shankar S, Sharma N. Knowledge, awareness and attitude towards organ donation among undergraduate medical students of Haryana. J Ind Acad Foren Med. 2019;41:171-5.

Bharambe VK, Rathod H, Angadi K. Knowledge and attitude regarding organ donation among medical students. BANTAO J. 2016;14(1):34-40.

Bardell T, Hunter DJ, Kent WD, Jain MK. Do medical students have the knowledge needed to maximize organ donation rates? Can J Surg. 2003;46(6):453-7.

Sucharitha ST, Siriki R, Dugyala RR, Mullai P, Roshini K. Organ Donation: Awareness, attitudes and beliefs among undergraduate medical students in South India. Natl J Res Community Med. 2013;2(2):79-148.

Alshareef SM, Smith RM. Saudi medical students knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs with regard to organ donation and transplantation. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transp. 2018;29:1115-27.

Radunz S, Juntermanns B, Heuer M, Frühauf NR, Paul A, Kaiser GM, et al. The effect of education on the attitude of medical students towards organ donation. Ann Transp. 2012;17:140-4.

Sayyed AK, Pratinidhi, S. Awareness of organ donation in newly admitted students of medical college: a case control study in western Maharashtra. Intern J Adv Res. 2019;7(4):397-403.

Essman C, Thornton J. Assessing medical student knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding organ donation. Transplant Proc. 2006;38(9):2745-50.

Sindhu A, Ramakrishnan TS, Khera A, Singh G. A study to assess the knowledge of medical students regarding organ donation in a selected college of Western Maharashtra. Med J Dr. DY Patil University. 2017;10(4):349.

Mciindia.org, 2020. Available at: https://www.mciindia.org/CMS/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/UG-Curriculum-Vol-I.pdf. Accessed 5 July 2020.