DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20205676

Prevalence of respiratory abnormalities and spirometric disparities among construction workers in Tangail, Bangladesh

M. R. Mogal, M. D. Islam, M. I. Hasan, Aklima Akter, M. R. Mahmod, Sagarika A. Sompa, Asadullah Junayed, M. Z. Abedin, M. A. Zubair, Marina Khatun, M. A. Sikder

Abstract


Background: Occupational exposure is a significant factor for having respiratory symptoms and impairment of lung function in the working population. Construction workers impose a great risk of respiratory diseases since they continuously expose to construction hazards at their working place. The objective of this study was to explore the status of respiratory health of construction workers as well as correlation of blood parameters with it.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among construction workers along with the control group (university staffs) by randomly selecting 50 individuals in each group from September 2019 to February 2020 in Tangail, Bangladesh. Questionaries’ survey was executed followed by spirometry and oximetry. After confirming abnormalities of lung function, blood was drawn for further IgE, ESR, and CRP analysis.

Results: Significantly (p<0.05) higher percentage of respiratory symptoms such as dyspnea (24%), coughing (30%), sneezing (40%), discomfort of chest (18%) were found in construction workers. In addition, lung function (FVC, FEV1, FEV1%, PEF, PEF%, FEF25, and FEF2575) was significantly (p<0.05) lower in construction workers compared with control. Furthermore, both IgE (353.57±25.41) and ESR (17.87±5.25) also reported a marked rise in the number of construction workers (p<0.05).

Conclusions: It can be concluded from our study that construction hazards might the cause of prevalent respiratory symptoms, decreased lung function, and increased inflammatory markers such as IgE and ESR.


Keywords


Construction workers, ESR, IgE, Oximetry, Respiratory diseases, Spirometry

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2013. Available from: http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/ safety-and-health-at-work/events-training/events-meetings/world-day-safety-health-at-work/WCMS_204594/lang--en/index.htm. Accessed on 7 September 2020.

National Research Council. Respiratory Diseases Research at NIOSH: Reviews of Research Programs of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. National Academies Press; 2008.

Marciniuk DD, Schraufnagel DE. The global impact of respiratory disease. European Respiratory Society; 2017.

Jaiswal N, Veerkumar V. Work related musculoskeletal disorders among construction workers of India. Res J Fam Community Consum Sci. 2016;4(2):1-5.

Preventing Silicosis. Features. CDC. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/features/preventing-silicosis/index.html. Accessed on 7 September 2020.

Tavakol E, Azari M, Zendehdel R, Salehpour S, Khodakrim S, Nikoo S, et al. Risk evaluation of construction workers’ exposure to silica dust and the possible lung function impairments. Tanaffos. 2017;16(4):295.

Bergdahl IA, Toren K, Eriksson K, Hedlund U, Nilsson T, Flodin R, Järvholm B. Increased mortality in COPD among construction workers exposed to inorganic dust. Eur Respir J. 2004;23(3):402-6.

Yeole UL, Arora SP, Gawali PP, Adkitte RG, Gharote GM. Prevalence of respiratory morbidity in construction workers. Eur J Pharma Med Res. 2016;3(5):394-7.

Mariammal T, Amutha AJ, Sornaraj R. Work related respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function tests observed among construction and sanitary workers of Thoothukudi. Int J Pharm Tech Res. 2012;4(3):1266-73.

Ranganathan BA. Skin and Respiratory problems in Construction workers. Int Res J Engin Tech. 2016;3(5):2395.

White MC, Baker EL. Measurements of respiratory illness among construction painters. Br J Ind Med. 1988;45(8):523-31.

Al-Neaimi Y, Gomes J, Lloyd OL. Respiratory illnesses and ventilatory function among workers at a cement factory in a rapidly developing country. Occup Med (Chic Ill). 2001;51(6):367-73.

The woes of the construction sector and its ancillary industries. Dhaka Tribune. Available from: https://www.dhakatribune.com/business/real-estate/2020/04/21/the-woes-of-the-construction-sector-and-its-ancillary-industries. Accessed on 7 September 2020

Fa M, Dey G, Sk D. Abstract : 2019;9(1):13-18.

Jamal MUAM. Safety Management Issues in Construction Industry of Bangladesh. Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. 2015.

Workplace accidents kill 179 construction workers in 2017- OSHE Bangladesh. https://www.oshebd.org/workplace-accidents-kill-179-construction-workers-in-2017/. Accessed on 7 September 2020.

Ferris BG. Epidemiology standardization project. II. Recommended respiratory disease questionnaires for use with adults and children in epidemiological research. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1978;118(6):7-53.

Alim MA, Biswas MK, Biswas G, Hossain MA, Ahmad SA. Respiratory health problems among the ceramic workers in Dhaka. Faridpur Med Coll J. 2015;9(1):19-23.

Melo CA, Konda SG, Shah T, Padwale Y. Lung function abnormalities in flour mill workers using spirometry. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;5(4):743-9.

Kacha Y, Nayak Y, Vegad A, Varu M, Mehta H, Shah CJ. Effects of Wood Dust on Respiratory Functions in Saw Mill Workers. Int J Basic Appl Physiol. 2014;3(1):2014.

Mohammadien HA, Hussein MT, El-Sokkary RT. Effects of exposure to flour dust on respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function of mill workers. Egypt J chest Dis Tuberc. 2013;62(4):745-53.

Ghosh T, Gangopadhyay S, Das B. Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and disorders among rice mill workers in India. Environ Health Prev Med. 2014;19(3):226-33.

Mahmood AM, Wafi NA, Shaikhani MA. Spirometric measurements among workers of Tasluja cement factory. J Zankoy Sulamani. 2010;13(1):9-14.

Purdue MP, Gold L, Järvholm B, Alavanja MC, Ward MH, Vermeulen R. Impaired lung function and lung cancer incidence in a cohort of Swedish construction workers. Thorax. 2007;62(1):51-6.