Tobacco prevalence and usage pattern among Bengaluru urban slum dwellers
Keywords:Tobacco usage, Pattern, Prevalence, Urban slum dwellers
Background: Tobacco use is one of the important preventable causes of death and a leading public health problem all over the world. Tobacco is killing half of the people who use it. Globally, it kills nearly 6 million people. If current trends continue, by 2030 tobacco use is estimated to kill more than 8 million people worldwide each year. Present study carried out to determine prevalence and pattern of tobacco usage among urban slum dwellers.
Methods:A cross sectional study conducted in urban slum of the urban health training center area of VIMS & RC, Bengaluru. Among adults aged 18 years and above, sample size of 370 selected by simple random sampling and interviewed by using semi structured questionnaire.
Results: Prevalence of current tobacco users is 84.3% of which 28.9% are daily users. The commonest cause for starting tobacco use was due to offering in occasions (31.2%) and for maintenance was addiction (57.4%). Cigarettes (15.1%) and beedis (15.1%) were common smoking forms of tobacco and Betel quid with tobacco (40.3%) and pan masala (28.6%) were most common smokeless forms. Among the subjects 45.7% are exposed to second hand smoke in their homes, 63.2% are aware of health hazards, 95.71% are willing to quit tobacco at some point of time.
Conclusions:Prevalence of tobacco use is high in the urban slums and many more are exposed to second hand smoke. Many want to quit tobacco but are unable to get proper assistance.
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