DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20204431

Self-directed learning readiness among II and III MBBS students in a tertiary teaching hospital

Ram Prabhakar, Thiruvenkadam Masilamani, Velmurugan Anbu Ananthan

Abstract


Background: Self-directed learning (SDL) is defined as an instructional stratagem where the medical students, with guidance from the teacher, choose what and how they will learn. The current study is aimed at finding the readiness for SDL among medical students and its association with their socio demographic characteristics.

Methods: An Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 II Bachelor of medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) students and 100 III MBBS students of Theni Government Medical College. The readiness assessment of the students was found by using Fischer’s 40 items SDL readiness score (SDLRS) instruments. The instrument has 40 items under three domains self-management (9 items), desire for learning (16 items) and self-control (15 items).

Results: Only 29% were aware of SDL. Around 55% showed high readiness for SDL (>150). Females had higher readiness for self-directed learning than males (60.9% versus 39.1%) but the mean SDLR score was similar 152.5 versus 151.6. III MBBS medical students had higher score than II MBBS medical students (58.2% versus 48.8%, mean SDLR score 149.9 versus 154.2, p=0.011). Demonstrating higher readiness for SDL was not associated with area of residence, stay, presence of doctor in the family, type of schooling, medium of school education, age and gender.

Conclusions: There is need of hour to address medical students’ SDL skills to update their competencies. SDL readiness scales help medical faculty to assess students’ learning capabilities and improve teaching learning strategies.


Keywords


Self-directed learning, Medical education, SDLRS

Full Text:

PDF

References


Knowles MS. In: Self-directed learning: A guide for learners and teachers. New York Association Press. 1975.

Franchi T, Magudia A, Rasheed A. Appropriate use of self-directed learning at medical school prepares students for future clinical practice. Medical Education Online. 2020;25(1):1752450.

Bhandari B, Chopra D, Singh K. Self-directed learning: assessment of students’ abilities and their perspective. Advances in Physiology Education. 2020;44(3):383-6.

Regulations on Graduate Medical Education, 2012. Medical Council of India. 2012. Available at: http://psgimsr.ac.in/faculty%20‑2/REGULATIONSON%20GRADUATE%20MEDICAL%20 EDUCATION‑%202012.pdf. Accessed on 10 August, 2020.

Fisher M, King J, Tague G. Development of a self-directed learning readiness scale for nursing education. Nurse education today. 2001;21(7):516-25.

Abraham RR, Fisher M, Kamath A, Izzati TA, Nabila S, Atikah NN. Exploring first-year undergraduate medical students' self-directed learning readiness to physiology. Advances in Physiology Education. 2011;35(4):393-5.

Premkumar K, Vinod E, Sathishkumar S, Pulimood AB, Umaefulam V, Samuel PP, et al. Self-directed learning readiness of Indian medical students: a mixed method study. BMC medical education. 2018;18(1):1-0.

Bijaya N, Rangasamy S, Kanungo S, Vrushabhendra HN. Self-directed learning readiness among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care health institution in Pondicherry. National Journal of Research in Community Medicine. 2019;8(1):20-4.

Nepal I. Readiness for self-directed learning among first semester students of a medical school in Nepal. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2011;5(1):20-3.

Balamurugan S, Kumar H. Self-directed learning readiness (SDLR) among medical students: a questionnaire-based study from an Indian medical school. South East Asian J Med Educ. 2015;9(2):59-64.

Kar SS, Premarajan KC, Ramalingam A, Iswarya S, Sujiv A, Subitha L. Self-directed learning readiness among fifth semester MBBS students in a teaching institution of South India. Education for Health. 2014;27(3):289.

Madhavi KV, Madhavi BD. Readiness for self-directed learning among undergraduate medical students of Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4(8):2836-40.

Shirke RP, Rawat A, Chandar V, Walia J, Wasim S, Bhat NK. Evaluation of the self-directed learning readiness of medical undergraduates in pediatrics department: a study from medical college in Uttarakhand state of India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;5(12):2610.

Subramaniam S, Pushparani JP. A study to assess the readiness of medical students towards self-directed learning and its association with achievement goals among MBBS students in a medical college of Chennai, 2017. Int J Med Sci Edu. 2018;5(2):188-98.

Pai KM, Rao KR, Punja D, Kamath A. The effectiveness of self-directed learning (SDL) for teaching physiology to first-year medical students. Australasian Med J. 2014;7(11):448.

Shankar R, Bajracharya O, Jha N, Gurung SB, Ansari SR, Thapa HS. Change in medical students' readiness for selfdirected learning after a partially problembased learning first year curriculum at the KIST medical college in Lalitpur, Nepal. Education Health. 2011;24(2):552.

Wiley K. Effects of a self-directed learning project and preference for structure on self-directed learning readiness. Nursing Res. 1983;32(3):181-5.

Zimmerman BJ. Investigating self-regulation and motivation: Historical background, methodological developments, and future prospects. Am Educ Res J. 2008;45(1):166-83.

Kaufman DM, Mann KV. Teaching and learning in medical education: how theory can inform practice. Understanding medical education: Evidence Theory Pract. 2010;16:36.

Hendry GD, Ginns P. Readiness for self-directed learning: validation of a new scale with medical students. Medical Teacher. 2009;31(10):918-20.