DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20205181

Knowledge, attitude, and practices towards COVID-19 among nurses, ward attendants, and housekeeping staff at a tertiary psychiatric institute in India

Chandrashekhar Mahato, Sunilkumar Suryavanshi

Abstract


Background: The world health organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a worldwide pandemic on 11th March 2020. As this is a novel illness, thus knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) related to the pandemic is a new area of research. KAP in a non-COVID facility, such as a psychiatric institution is rare.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey with purposive sampling, conducted at central institute of psychiatry, Ranchi, India. A sample of 235 healthcare workers consisting of nurses, wards attendants, and housekeeping staff took part in the study. Participants completed a 36-item questionnaire assessing their KAP related to COVID-19.

Results: 79.42% of healthcare workers in this study had adequate knowledge of COVID-19 symptomatology, transmission, management, and preventive measures. 89.79% were confident that India would win the battle against COVID-19. 35.32% fear to work in a hospital, but on the other hand, 80.85% of healthcare staff considered coming to work as part of their duty. Good practices like wearing a mask before leaving home and practicing proper cough hygiene were observed. The significant difference found in KAP among the three groups. Spearman’s correlation was significant between age, level of education of the participants with the KAP.

Conclusions: The study suggests increased attention is required towards the training of the healthcare workers to enhance their knowledge and attitude so that the practices can be improved.


Keywords


COVID-19, KAP, Nurses, Ward attendants, Housekeeping, Tertiary psychiatric institute

Full Text:

PDF

References


Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci. 2020;16(10):1745-52.

Guan WJ, Ni ZY, Hu Y, Liang WH, Ou CQ, He JX et al. Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med. 2020:1-13.

USAID. India: Situation Analysis. 2020;2(February):1-4. https://www.who.int/india/emergencies/india-situation-report. Accessed on Agust 8, 2020.

Ioannidis JPA. Coronavirus disease 2019: The harms of exaggerated information and non-evidence-based measures. Eur J Clin Invest. 2020;50(4):1-5.

Abuya AT, Austrian K, Isaac A, Kangwana B, Mbushi F. COVID-19-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices in urban slums in Nairobi, Kenya: Study description. 2020:1-7.

Erfani A, Shahriarirad R, Ranjbar K, Mirahmadizadeh A, Moghadami M. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice toward the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak: A Population-Based Survey in Iran. 2020;10(2):1-8.

Tachfouti N, Slama K, Berraho M, Nejjari C. The impact of knowledge and attitudes on adherence to tuberculosis treatment: A case-control study in a moroccan region. Pan Afr Med J. 2012;12(1):1-8.

Favas C, Abdelmagid N, Checchi F, Garry S, Jarrett P, Ratnayake R et al. Guidance for the prevention of COVID-19 infections among high-risk individuals in camps and camp-like settings. 2020;1-15.

World Health Organisation. Emerging respiratory viruses, including COVID-19: methods for detection, prevention, response and control. https://openwho.org/courses/introduction-to-ncov. Accessed May 30, 2020.

Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. Traumatization in medical staff helping with COVID-19 control. Brain Behav Immun. 2020;87:10.

Zuberi DM, Ptashnick MB. The deleterious consequences of privatization and outsourcing for hospital support work: The experiences of contracted-out hospital cleaners and dietary aids in Vancouver, Canada. Soc Sci Med. 2011;72(6):907-11.

Shi Y, Wang J, Yang Y, Wang Z, Wang G, Hashimoto K et al. Knowledge and attitudes of medical staff in Chinese psychiatric hospitals regarding COVID-19. Brain, Behav Immun Heal. 2020;4:100064.

Zhang M, Zhou M, Tang F, Wang Y, Nie H, Zhang L et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among health care workers in Henan, China. J Hosp Infect. 2020;105(2):183-7.

Chen Q, Liang M, Li Y, Guo J, Fei D, Wang L et al. Mental health care for medical staff in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(4):e15-6.

Lu W, Wang H, Lin Y, Li L. Psychological status of medical workforce during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study. Psychiatry Res. 2020;288:1-5.

Maben J, Bridges J. Covid-19: Supporting nurses’ psychological and mental health. J Clin Nurs. 2020;1-9.

Gralton J, McLaws ML. Protecting healthcare workers from pandemic influenza: N95 or surgical masks? Crit Care Med. 2010;38(2):657-67.

Leung NHL, Chu DKW, Shiu EYC, Chan KH, McDevitt JJ, Hau BJP et al. Respiratory virus shedding in exhaled breath and efficacy of face masks. Nat Med. 2020;26(5):676-80.

Singhal T. A Review of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Indian J Pediatr. 2020;87(4):281-6.

Chetterje P. Gaps in India’s preparedness for COVID-19 control. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020;3099(20):30300.

Stuart RL, Gillespie EE. Preparing for an influenza pandemic: healthcare workers’ opinions on working during a pandemic. Healthc Infect. 2008;13(3):95-9.

Ma X, He Z, Wang Y, Jiang L, Xu Y, Qian C et al. Knowledge and attitudes of healthcare workers in Chinese intensive care units regarding 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. BMC Infect Dis. 2011;11:24.

Askarian M, Khalooee A, Emroodi NN. Personal hygiene and safety of governmental hospital staff in Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Heal J. 2006;12(6):768-74.

Rothe C, Schunk M, Sothmann P, Bretzel G, Froeschl G, Wallrauch C et al. Transmission of 2019-NCOV infection from an asymptomatic contact in Germany. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(10):970-71.

de Wit E, van Doremalen N, Falzarano D, Munster VJ. SARS and MERS: recent insights into emerging coronaviruses. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2016;14(8):523-34.

World Health Organization. WHO Clinical management of severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) when COVID-19 disease is suspected. Who. 2020;2019(March):12. https://www.who.int/internal-publications-detail/clinical-management-of-severe-acute-respiratory-infection-when-novel-coronavirus-(ncov)-infection-is-suspected%0Ahttp://apps.who. int/iris/bitstream/10665/178529/1/WHO_MERS_Clinical_15.1_eng.pdf. Accessed on August 8, 2020.

Meng L, Hua F, Bian Z. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Emerging and Future Challenges for Dental and Oral Medicine. J Dent Res. 2020;2019.

Dong Y, Mo X, Hu Y, Qi X, Jiang F, Jiang Z et al. Epidemiology of COVID-19 Among Children in China. Pediatrics. 2020;145(6):e20200702.

Backer JA, Klinkenberg D, Wallinga J. Incubation period of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infections among travellers from Wuhan, China, 20-28 January 2020. Eurosurveillance. 2020;25(5).

World Health Organization (WHO). Rational use of personal protective equipment for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and considerations during severe shortages. 2020;(April):1-28. Available at-https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/331695. Accessed on August 8, 2020.

Dietz W, Santos-Burgoa C. Obesity and its Implications for COVID-19 Mortality. Obesity. 2020;00(00):22818.

Bhagavathula A, Aldhaleei WA, Rahmani JR, Mahabadi MA, Bandari DK. Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Knowledge and Perceptions: A Survey of Healthcare Workers (Preprint). JMIR Public Heal Surveill. 2020;6:1-9.

Giao H, Le An P, Thi Ngoc Han N, Van Khanh T, Kim Ngan V, Van Tam V. Knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers at District 2 Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2020;13:6-11.

Huynh TL. The COVID-19 risk perception: A survey on socioeconomics and media attention. Economics Bulletin. Access Econ. 2020;40(1):758-64.

Yuan J, Lu Y, Cao X, Cui H. Regulating wildlife conservation and food safety to prevent human exposure to novel virus. Ecosyst Heal Sustain. 2020;1741325.

Huang L, Lin G, Tang L, Yu L, Zhou Z. Special attention to nurses’ protection during the COVID-19 epidemic. Crit Care. 2020;24(1):10-2.

Ho CS, Chee CY, Ho RC. Mental Health Strategies to Combat the Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Beyond Paranoia and Panic. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2020;49(1):1-3.

Mathur P. Role of hospital housekeeping and materials management including disinfection and waste management. In: Hospital Infection Prevention: Principles and Practices. 2013.

Syed Q, Sopwith W, Regan M, Bellis MA. Behind the mask. Journey through an epidemic: Some observations of contrasting public health responses to SARS. J Epidemiol Comm Health. 2003;57(11):855-6.

Nour MO, Babilghith AO, Natto HA, Al-Amin FO, Alawneh SM. Knowledge, attitude and practices of healthcare providers towards MERS-CoV infection at Makkah hospitals, KSA. Research Gate. 2017;3(4):103-12.