DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20204761

COVID-19 and public health risk communication in Manipur: a phone-based cross-sectional study

T. Kayia Priscilla Kayina, Bishwalata Rajkumari, Avinash Keisam, Chelsia Chelladurai, Jangkholun Touthang, Joshna Rajkumari, Priyanka Samurailatpam, Ningthoujam Suchitra Devi

Abstract


Background: In the fight against COVID-19, communication remains as one of its most important strategic tools. To facilitate healthy behaviour among the general public, Central and State governments has been carrying out various awareness generating activities. This study plans to assess the adequacy of these activities by investigating people’s response by assessing their knowledge, attitudes and actions.

Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among 1493 adults (≥ 18years) residents of Manipur state selected through Random Number Dialling of mobile numbers using a pre-tested interview schedule. Descriptive statistics were generated and multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to test for association. A p-value of <0.05 was taken as significant. Approval was obtained from the institutional ethics committee.

Results: The average age of the participants was 34.3 years with females constituting 51%. Majority were aware of the common symptoms i.e. Fever (94.5%), Cough (87.1%), Difficulty in breathing (74.9%) of COVID-19.  Preventive measures of hand-hygiene, wearing masks and social distancing were known to 90.3%, 94.8% and 75.6% respectively. Almost 60% agree that the lockdown imposed has worsened their daily living, and more than four-fifth of the participants were stressed and worried. Increase in level of education and per capita income per month was significantly associated with the higher knowledge regarding COVID-19 (p<0.05). There was gap in knowledge and practice and wrong practices were seen.

Conclusions: A change in the health communication messages with emphasis on the need for correct practices through appropriate channels and community engagement is urgently required at this hour.

 


Keywords


COVID-19, KAP, Knowledge, North-east, Risk communication

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organization. Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/30-01-2020-statement-on-the-second-meeting-of-the-international-health-regulations-(2005)-emergency-committee-regarding-the-outbreak-of-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov), accessed on June 11, 2020.

World Health Organization. "WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 11 March 2020". (Press release). Available from: https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/ detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-COVID-19---11-march-2020accessed on June 11, 2020.

Covid19.who.int. WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. Available from https://covid19.who.int/?gclid=Cj0KCQjw0rr4BRCtARIsAB0_48OqrIOaIxCJLhnjVt0B_iCcZnwBohCA7HGlBA_H19_cPRoUQq3vLfcaAhdmEALw_wcB, accessed on July 16, 2020.

Unnithan PSG. Kerala confirmed first novel coronavirus case in India. India Today 2020 Jan 30. Available at https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/ kerala-reports-first-confirmed-novel-coronavirus-case-in-india-1641593-2020-01-30, accessed on June 7, 2020.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Advisory on Social Distancing measures in view of spread of COVID-19 disease. Available from https://www.mohfw. gov.in/pdf/SocialDistancingAdvisorybyMOHFW.pdf, accessed onMay 20, 2020.

Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Government of India issues orders prescribing lockdown for containment of COVID-19 epidemic in the country. Available from: https:// pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1607997, accessed on May 27, 2020.

Mygov.in. COVID-19 Dashboard. Available at https://www.mygov.in/COVID-19/, accessed on July 16, 2020.

Marchang R. Indo-Myanmar Border Trade at Moreh-Namphalong and Beyond. Global J Econ. 2018;14(2):120-36.

Laithangbam I. Coronovirus: Manipur closes both international gates at border town Moreh. 2020, March 10. Available at https://www.thehindu.com/ news/national/other-states/coronavirus-manipur-closes-both-international-gates-at-border-town-moreh/article31030684.ece, accessed on June 14, 2020.

Laithangbam I. COVID-19-23 years old test positive in Manipur. 2020, March 24.Available from https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/COVID-19-first-case-reported-from-northeast/article31149402.ece, accessed on June 15, 2020.

Jain R. Manipur and Goa declared Coronavirus free as all patients recovered. 2020, April 20. Available from https://www.businessinsider.in/india/news/ manipur-and-goa-declared-coronavirus-free-as-all-patients-recover/articleshow/75246519.cms, accessed on June 17, 2020.

World Health Organization. Emergency Risk communication. Available from: https://www.who. int/risk-communication/training/Module-B1.pdf? ua=1, accessed on June 18 2020.

National Centre for Disease Control, Division of Epidemiology. National Risk Communication Plan. New Delhi. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare;2016.

Gamhewage GM. An introduction to Risk Communication. Available from https://www.who. int/risk-communication/introduction-to-risk-communication.pdf?ua=1, accessed on May 23, 2020.

Mygov.in. Aarogya Setu. Available at https://www.mygov.in/aarogya-setu-app/, Accessed on June 3, 2020.

International Institute for Population Sciences. National Family Health Survey-4, 2015-16: India. Mumbai. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; 2017. Available from http://rchiips.org/nfhs/NFHS-4Reports/India.pdf, accessed on May 30, 2020.

Zhang L, Li H, Chen K. Effective Risk Communication for Public Health Emergency: Reflection on the COVID-19 (2019-nCoV) Outbreak in Wuhan, China. Healthcare. 2020;8(64):1-13.

Abdelhafiz SA, Mohammed Z, Ibrahim ME, Ziady HH, Alorabi M, Ayyad M. Knowledge, Perceptions, and Attitude of Egyptians towards the Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). J Community Health. 2020:1-10.

Dkhar SA, Quansar R, Saleem SM, Khan SM. Knowledge, attitude, and practices related to COVID-19 pandemic among social media users in J&K, India. Indian J Public Health. 2020;64:S205-10.

Zegarra-Valdivia JA, Chino-Vilca BN, Ames-Guerrero R. Knowledge, perception and attitude in regard to COVID-19pademic in Peruvian population. 2020.

Rapid Perception Survey on COVID-19 Awareness and Economic Impact. BRAC;2020.

Roy P. The psychology behind response of people in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic in India. Indian J Psychiatr. 2020;62(3):330-1.

Shigemura J, Ursano R, Morganstein J, Kurosawa M, Benedek D. Public responses to the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019nCoV) in Japan: Mental health consequences and target populations. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. 2020;74:281-2.