Knowledge, attitude and practice towards scientific research among undergraduate students of a medical college in Delhi

Sunil Kumar Singh, Suruchi Mishra, Anita Khokhar, Aakanksha Bharti, Manila Sharma


Background: Scientific research forms an important foundation for producing doctors with an understanding of evidence-based medicine. Medical education in India over a period has largely remained unchanged with a very low emphasis on research and publication. Objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards scientific research among undergraduate students of a medical college in Delhi, India.

Methods: A cross sectional study was planned among 240 undergraduate students from five semesters of medical college in New Delhi. The questionnaire consisted of questions about identification data, knowledge, attitude and practices of scientific research. Data was analyzed by SPSS software version 21.0 and for qualitative data analysis Chi-square test was used.

Results: Mean age of study subjects was 20.68±1.87 years and more than half (59.6%) of them were males and (40.4%) were females. Out of 240 participants, only (13.5%) had excellent knowledge about scientific research. Majority (89.6%) of them felt that research work should be a part of the medical curriculum. About one fourth (22.9%) of study participants had done a scientific research. Age of study participants and better knowledge were found significant predictors of conducting research among study participants.

Conclusions: This study concludes that only few study participants had excellent knowledge and practice scientific research but majority of them had positive attitude towards research. So, there is a need to increase awareness about scientific research from an early level in the curriculum among study population.


Attitude, Cross-sectional, Knowledge, Medical students, Practice, Research

Full Text:



Esfahani AN, Jamjoom AAB, Fitzgerald JEF. Extracurricular participation in research and audit by medical students: Opportunities, obstacles, motivation and outcomes. Med Teach. 2012;34(5):e317-24.

Çaparlar CO, Donmez A. What is Scientific Research and How Can it be Done? Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim. 2016;44:212-8.

Deo MG. Undergraduate medical students’ research in India. J Postgrad Med. 2008;54:176-9.

Kumar HH, Jayaram S, Kumar GS, Vinita J, Rohit S, Satish M, et al. Perception, Practices Towards Research and Predictors of Research Career Among UG Medical Students from Coastal South India: A Cross-Sectional Study. Indian J Community Med. 2009;34(4):306–9.

Khalid M, Noura A, Dana S, Nermeen A, Adwa S. Perceptions, attitudes and practices toward research among senior medical students. Saudi Pharm J. 2014;22(2):113-7.

Ibrahim NK, Fetyani DM, Bashwari J. Assessment of the research-oriented knowledge, attitude and practice of medical students and interns of the King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah and the adoption of a research-intervention educational program. Rawal Med J. 2013;38(4):432-9.

Khan H, Khawaja MR, Waheed A, Rauf MA, Fatmi Z. Knowledge and attitudes about health research amongst a group of Pakistani medical students. BMC Med Educ. 2006;6:54.

Lopatto D. Undergraduate Research Experiences Support Science Career Decisions and Active Learning. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2007;6:297-306.