DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20204747

Epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 patients of tertiary care hospital of Western Rajasthan

Mathur S. L., Agrawal Harish, Hakim Afzal, Jain Arvind, Kishoria Naveen, Kaur Rimplejeet, Barath Arun, Parmar Veeram, Goyal Krishna K., Tak Sandeep

Abstract


Background: COVID – 19 is a pandemic that originated from Wuhan, China in the end of 2019. The objective of the present study is to report the epidemiological and clinical features of COVID-19 patients of tertiary care hospital of Western Rajasthan, India.

Methods: A total of 1632 cases of COVID-19 were investigated. The patients tested positive by RT-PCR assay were included in the study. The data was obtained from medical record forms of the patients.

Results: Out of total patients, 63.42% patients were male and 81.06% of patients were below age of 50 years. The mean of age was 34.93 ±17.61 years and median of age was 32 years. Asymptomatic patients or patients with mild symptoms constituted 66.66% of the study population and 35% of patients had comorbidities. The major comorbidities included diabetes mellitus (2.81%), hypertension (1.59%) and pulmonary diseases (1.04%). Total 40 deaths occurred so the overall CFR was 2.45%. Among the 40 deaths, the mean of age was 57.57±15.67 years. Patients over 50 years of age had the highest CFR among the age groups (18.93%). The CFR for males was 2.34% and for females 2.68%. A total of 14 (35.00%) of patients had multiple comorbidities.

Conclusions: The findings of our study emphasize the significant impact of old age and multiple comorbidities on the risk of mortality among COVID-19 patients. It is suggested to take adequate preventative measures more seriously in elderly patients. Also regarding medical care, it is vital to pay special attention to elderly patients with comorbidities.

 


Keywords


Clinical features, COVID-19, Epidemiology, Epidemiological characteristrics

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References


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