DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20205210

Aetiology and prevention of head and neck neoplasms: a review

Manish Munjal, Ramanpreet Kaur, Mahesh Satija, Raminderjit Kaur, Vikramjit Kailey, Shubham Munjal, Hitesh Verma, Arshnoor .

Abstract


Head and neck neoplasia have a high morbidity and mortality if undiagnosed and mismanaged. Aetiology ranges from genetic mutations to certain environmental factors. The aetiological agent, its active constituent, mode or site of action and the preventable measures been introspected.


Keywords


Head neck neoplasia, Aetiology, Prevention

Full Text:

PDF

References


Marur S, Forastiere AA. Head and neck cancer: changing epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Mayo Clin Proc. 2008; 83:489-501.

Agiris A, Eng C. Epidemiology, staging, and screening of head and neck cancer. Cancer Treat Res. 2003;114:15-60.

Tobacco smoke and involuntary smoking. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogens risks to humans. Available at; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih. gov/books/NBK316407/. Accessed on 20 July 2020.

Daftary DK, Murti PR, Bhonsle RR, Gupta PC, Mehta FS, Pindborg JJ. Risk factors and risk markers for oral cancers in high risk areas of the world. In: Johnson NW, ed. Oral cancer: Detection of patients and Lesions at Risk. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1991:29-63.

Elwood JM, Pearson JC, Skippen DH, Jackson SM. Alcohol, smoking, social and occupational factors in the aetiology of cancer of the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx. Int J Cancer. 1984;34:603-12.

Foulkes WD, Brunet JS, Kowalski LP, Narod SA, Franco EL. Family history of cancer is a risk factor for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck in Brazil: a case-control study. Int J Cancer. 1995;63(6): 769-73.

International agency for research on cancer (IARC). Tobacco smoking. IARC Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks of chemicals to humans. IARC. 1986;38:1-421.

La Vecchia C, Tavani A, Franceschi S, Levi F, Corrao G, Negri E. Epidemiology and prevention of oral cancer. Oral cancer. 1997;33:302-12.

Brennan JA, Boyle JO, Koch WM. Association between cigarette smoking and mutation of the p53 gene in head and neck squamous carcinoma. N Engl J Med. 1995;332:712.

Hecht SS. Tobacco smoke carcinogens and lung cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1999a;91:1194-210.

Bartsch H, Nair U, Risch A, Rojas M, Wikman H, Alexandrov K. Genetic polymorphism of CYP genes, alone or in combination, as a risk modifier of tobacco-related cancers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2000;9:3-28.

Mehrotra R, Yadav S. Oral squamous cell carcinoma: Etiology, pathogenesis and prognostic value of genomic alterations. Indian J Cancer. 2006;43:60-6.

Goldenberg D, Lee J, Koch WM, Kim MM, Trink B, Sidransky D. Habitual risk factors for head and neck cancer. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004a;131: 986-93.

Hoffmann D, Hoffmann I, El-Bayoumy K. The less harmful cigarette: a controversial issue. Chem Res Toxicol. 2001;14:767-90.

Hecht SS. Tobacco smoke carcinogens and breast cancer. Environ Mol Mutagen. 2002;39(2-3):119-26.

Solt D, Polverini P, Claderon L. Carcinogenic response of hamster Buccal pouch epithelium to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. J Oral Path. 1987;16:294-302.

Hecht SS ,Yuan JM, Gao YT, Wang R, Chen M, Carmella SG. Urinary levels of volatile organic carcinogen and toxicant biomarkers in relation to lung cancer development in smokers. Carcinogenesis. 2012;33(4):804-9.

Mayne ST, Morse DE, Winn DM. Cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx. In: Schottenfeld D, Fraumeni JF, eds. Cancer epidemiology and prevention. New York: Oxford University Press; 2006:674-96.

Viswanathan H, Wilson JA. Alcohol-the neglected risk factor in head and neck cancer. Clin Otolaryngol. 2004;29: 1-6.

Ogden GR. Alcohol and oral cancer. Alcohol. 2005;35:169-73.

Seitz HK, Stickel F, Homann N. Pathogenetic mechanisms of upper aerodigestive tract cancer in alcoholics. Int J Cancer. 2004;108:483-7.

Howie NM, Trigkas TK, Cruchley AT, Wertz PW, Squier CA, Williams DM. Short-term exposure to alcohol increases the permeability of human oral mucosa. Oral Dis. 2001;7:349-54.

Du X, Squier CA, Kremer MJ, Wertz PW. Penetration of N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) across oral mucosa in the presence of ethanol and nicotine. J Oral Pathol Med. 2000;29:80-5.

Squier CA, Cox P, Hall BK. Enhanced penetration of nitrosonornicotine across oral mucosa in the presence of ethanol. J Oral Pathol Med. 1986;15:276-9.

Homann N, Karkkainen P, Koivisto T, Nosova T, Jokelainen K, Salaspuro M. Effects of acetaldehyde on cell regeneration and differentiation of the upper gastrointestinal tract mucosaa. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1997;89:1692-7.

Seitz HK, Poschi G, Simanowski UA. Acohol and cancer. Recent Dev Alcohol. 1998;14:67-95.

International agency for research on cancer . Alcohol drinking. IARC Monograph on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks of chemicals to humans. IARC. 1989;41:1-416.

De Stefani E, Deneo-Pellegrini H, Mendilaharsu M, Ronco A. Diet and risk of upper aerodigestivetract-I. Foods. Oral Oncol. 1999;35:17-29.

Larsson LG, Sandstrom A, Westling P. Relationship of Plummer-Vinson disease to cancer of the upper alimentary tract in Sweden. Cancer Res.1975;35: 3308-16.

Goldenberg D, Benoit NE, Begum S. Epstein-Barr virus in head and neck cancer assessed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Laryngoscope. 2004;114(6):1027-31.

McLaughlin JK, Gridley G, Block G, Winn DM, Preston-Martin S, Schoenberg JB, et al. Dietary factors in oral and pharyngeal cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1988;80: 1237-43.

Shi W, Pataki I, MacMillan C, Pintilie M, Payne D, O’Sullivan B, et al. Molecular pathology parameters in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Cancer. 2002;94:1997-2006.

Ragin CC, Modugno F, Gollin SM. The epidemiology and risk factors of head and neck cancer: a focus on human paippomovirus. J Dent Res. 2007;86:104-14.

Kreimer AR, Clifford GM, Boyle P, Franceschi S. Human papillomavirus types in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma worldwide: a systematic review. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005; 14:467-75.

Gillison ML. Human papillomavirus-associated head and neck is a distinct epidemiologic, clinical, and molecular entity. Semin Oncol. 2004;31:744-54.

Chaturvedi AK, Engles EA, Anderson WF, Gillison ML. Incidence trends for human papillomavirus-related and unrelated oral squamous cell carcinomas in the United States. J Clin Oncol. 2008;99:1507-14.

Marur S, D'Souza G , Westra WH, Forastiere AA. HPV-associated head and neck cancer: a virus-related cancer epidemic. lancet oncol. 2010;11(8): 781-9.

Herrero R, Castellsague X, Pawlita M, Lissowska J, Kee F, Balaram P, et al. Human Papillomavirus and oral cancer: The International agency for research on cancer multicenter study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2003;95:1772-83.

Gillison ML. Current topics in the epidemiology of oral cavity and oropharyngeak cancers. Head Neck. 2007;29:779-92.

Shangina O, Brennan P, Szeszenia-Dabrowska N, Mates D, Fabianova E, Fletcher T, et al. Occupational exposure and laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer risk in central and eastern Europe. Am J Epidemiol. 2006;164:67-75.

Luce D, Gerin M, Leclerc A. Sinonasal cancer and occupational exposure to formaldehyde and other substances. Int J Cancer. 1993;53:224.

Fearon ER, Vogelstein B. A genetic model of colorectal tumorigenesis. Cell. 1990;61:759.

Jeffries S, Eeles R, Goldgar D. The role of genetic factors in predisposition to squamous cell cancer of the head and neck cancer. Br J Cancer. 1999;79:865.

Brennan JA, Boyle JO, Koch WM. Association between cigarette smoking and mutation of the p53 gene in head and neck squamous carcinoma. N Engl J Med. 1995;332:712.

Nawroz H, van der Riet P, Hruban RH. Allelotype of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Cancer Res. 1994;54:1152.

Munro J, Scott FJ, Vousden KH. Role of the alternative INK4A proteins in human keratinocyte senescence: evidence for the specific inactivation of p16INK4A upon immortalization. Cancer res. 1999; 59:2516.

Suarez C, Rodrigo JP, Ferlito A, Cabanillas R, Shaha AR, Rinaldo A. Tumours of familial origin in the head and neck. Oral Oncol. 2006;42:965-78.

Licciardello JT, Spitz MR, Hong WK. Multiple primary cancer in patients with cancer of the head and neck: second cancer of the head and neck, esophagus, and lung. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1989;17(3):467-76.