Knowledge and prevalence of post-menopausal health problems among women attending a tertiary care hospital in Ajman: cross-sectional study

Omar Ketranji, Abdullah Nameer Ali Al-Mubarak, Ibrahim Mohammad, Sara Khokar, Abdulmonaem Mohamed YAlhenshiri, Anusha Sreejith


Background: Many physiological and psychological changes happens to women during the time of menopause. The symptoms differ according to the individual, culture and ethnicity. As the women pass through various stages of menopause, the prevalence of symptoms also varies. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of post-menopausal health problems among the women above 45 years old and to identify the prevalence of symptoms in post-menopausal life.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a private hospital in Ajman, UAE among women aged 45 years and above with a validated self-administered questionnaire. Ethics approval was obtained before the study. Data were coded, entered, and analyzed using SPSS version 24. Chi-square tests and descriptive statistics like frequency tables and crosstabs were used.

Results: The mean age of women participants was 50.7 years. The results showed that 50.2% of the women had moderate knowledge about post-menopausal health problems, while 37% and 12.8% had excellent and poor knowledge, respectively. Prevalence of post-menopausal symptoms among women were hot flushes (55.1%), dry skin (54.7%), muscle pain (54.5%), joint pain (52.9%), and weight gain (51%). Women suffered from at least one of the post-menopausal symptoms. Hot flushes, dry skin, muscle pain, and weight gain were significantly associated with the menopausal status (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Post-menopausal symptoms hot flushes, dry skin, and muscle pain were significantly associated with a peri-menopausal or post-menopausal state. Women must be made aware of these symptoms and their causes and treatments as well.


Knowledge, Menopause, Post-menopause, Prevalence

Full Text:



Abdollahi AA, Qorbani M, Asayesh H, Rezapour A, Noroozi M, Mansourian M, et al. The menopausal age and associated factors in Gorgan, Iran. Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran. 2013;27(2):50.

Melissa Conrad Stöppler C. Menopause: 9 Symptoms to Look for and Age of Transition. eMedicineHealth. 2017. Available at: articleem.htm. Accessed on 25 January 2017.

Menopause: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. 2017. Available at: Accessed on 25 January 2017.

Your Guide to Menopause. WebMD. 2017. Available at: guide/menopause-information. Accessed on 25 January 2017.

Menopause and Body Changes - Australasian Menopause Society. 2017. Available at: Accessed on 25 January 2017.

Wong LP, Nur Liyana AH. A survey of Knowledge and Perceptions of Menopause among Young to middle-aged women in Federal Territory, Kaula Lumpur, Malaysia. JUMMEC. 2007;10(2):22-30.

Khokhar S. Knowledge, Attitude and Experience of Menopause. Pak J Med Res. 2013;52(2):42-6.

More S, Sujatha P, Karthiga. Knowledge, Attitude and experiences of menopause in the post-menopausal women at a tertiary care center: a cross-sectional study. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2018;7(11):4758-61.

Thomas HM, Bryce CL, Ness RB, Hess R. NIH Public Access. Dyspareunia is Associated with Decreased Frequency of Intercourse in the Menopausal Transition. Menopause (New York, NY). 2011;18(2):152-7.

Peeyananjarassri K, Cheewadhanaraks S, Hubbard M, Zoa Manga R, Manocha R, Eden J. Menopausal symptoms in a hospital-based sample of women in southern Thailand. Climacteric. 2006;9(1):23-9.

Lu J, Liu MJ, Eden J. The experience of menopausal symptoms by Arabic women in Sydney. Climacteric. 2007;10(1):72-9.

Pace DT. The menopausal woman: The need for an individualized plan of care. Nurse Pract. 2017;42(12):43-9.

Hamid S, Al-Ghufli FR, Raeesi HA, Al-Dhufairi KM, Al Dhaheri NS, Al-Maskari F, et al. Women’s Knowledge, attitude and practice towards menopause and hormone replacement therapy: A Facility Based study in Al-Ain, Unites Arab Emirates. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2014; 26(4):448-54.

Borker SA, Venugopalan PP, Bhat SN. Study of menopausal symptoms, and perceptions about menopause among women at a rural community in Kerala. J Midlife Health. 2013;4(3):182-7.

Jin F, Tao M, Teng Y, Shao H, Li C, Mills E. Knowledge and attitude towards menopause and hormone replacement therapy in Chinese women. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation. 2015; 79(1):40-5.

AlQuaiz AM, Tayel SA, Habib FA. Assessment of symptoms of menopause and their severity among Saudi women in Riyadh. Annals Saudi Medic. 2013;33(1):63-7.