DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20203535

Knowledge and attitude about eye donation amongst anganwadi workers in a rural block of Pune district in India: a quasi experimental study

Amruta Barhate, Prasad Pore, Amol Nath

Abstract


Background: Corneal diseases constitute a significant cause of visual impairment and blindness in India. Corneal transplantation is a major solution for this. In order to increase the corneal transplants, motivation of rural population is must to increase eye donation rates. Anganwadi workers (AWWs) constitute a major potential source of information in rural areas which needs to be educated to increase the procurement of corneas. The aims and objectives of the study was to compare the knowledge and attitude about eye donation amongst AWWs in rural Pune before and after intervention.

Methods: The study was conducted in a randomly selected block of Pune. A pre-designed, pre-tested, anonymous, self-administered questionnaire was filled by the AWWs. A session on eye donation was conducted. The AWWs again filled the same questionnaire.

Results: Study comprised of 86 AWWs, seventy-one (%) AWWs were aware about eye donation. Media was the main source of information followed by doctors. About 25.6% workers knew that cornea is the part of eye used for transplant. Eyes can be donated within 6 hours of death was known to 61.6% participants. A significant increase in the knowledge and attitude about eye donation occurred after intervention and most of them were willing to pledge for their eyes.

Conclusions: Simple intervention in the form of lectures and short talks can make a significant change in the knowledge and attitude of AWWs.

 


Keywords


Eye donation, Knowledge, Attitude, Anganwadi workers

Full Text:

PDF

References


Singh MM, Rahi M, Pagare D, Ingle GK. Medical students’ perception on eye donation in Delhi. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2007;55:49-52.

Vemparala R, Gupta P. National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB) in the 12th Five years plan: An Overview. DJO. 2017;27:290-2.

Gupta N, Tandon R, Gupta SK, Sreenivas V, Vashist P. Burden of Corneal Blindness in India. Indian J Community Med. 2013;38(4):198-206.

Problems and challenges in patient information retrieval: a descriptive study. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3831688. Accessed on 09 August 2019.

Krishnaiah S, Kovai V, Nutheti R, Shamanna BR, Thomas R, Rao GN. Awareness of eye donation in the rural population of India. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2004;52:73-8.

Eye Bank Association of India. Available at: https://www.ebai.org/index.php. Accessed on 18 May 2020.

Anganwadi workers/Anganwadi Sevikas, Ministry of women and child development. Available at: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1578557. Accessed on 18 May 2020.

List of total blocks/tehsils in rural Pune district of India. Available at https://www.census2011.co.in/data/district/359-pune-maharashtra.html. Accessed on 18 May 2020.

Bhandary S, Khanna R, Rao KA, Rao LG, Lingam KD, Binu V. Eye donation - Awareness and willingness among attendants of patients at various clinics in Melaka, Malaysia. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2011;59(1):41-5.

Dhaliwal U. Enhancing eye donation rates. Training students to be motivators. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2002;50:209-12.

Gupta N, Vashist P, Ganger A, Tandon R, Gupta SK. Eye donation and eye banking in India. Natl Med J India. 2018;31:283-6.

Gupta AK, Tripathi J. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding eye donation in patients attending outpatient department of tertiary care hospital of Western India. TNOA J Ophthalmic Sci Res. 2019;57:289-93.

Singh M, Bhardwaj A, Ahluwalia SK, Saini S, Qadri S. Eye donation: perception and promoting factors among medical students. Indian J Community Health. 2012;24(3):175-8.

Brinda P, Muthiah S, Alagarsamy P, Sethuraman S, Ramasubbu S, Praveen N. Awareness of eye donation in an adult population of southern India: a pilot study. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2003;51:101-4.

Khan N, Agrawal PC, Tigga M, Saini VK, Gupta S. Level of Awareness Regarding Eye Donation among Patients Attending Eye OPD at Tertiary Hospital. Ntl J of Community Med. 2015;6(2):70-3.

Manhas A, Gupta D, Kumar D, Manhas RS, Manhas GS. Awareness regarding Eye Donation among Patients Attending Tertiary Care Hospital, Jammu, J and K, North India Time to Educate People. Int J Contemporary Med Res. 2018;5(12):15-18.

Magdum R, Arun S, Mushtaq I, Sharma N. To study awareness and willingness of eye donation among paramedical workers. J Clin Ophthalmol Res. 2015;3(2):95-7.

Gupta A, Jain S, Jain T, Gupta K. Awareness and perception regarding eye donation in students of a nursing college in Bangalore. Indian J Community Med. 2009;34:122-5.

Dandona R, Dandona L, Naduvilath TJ, McCarty CA, Rao GN. Awareness of eye donation in an urban population in India. Aust N Z J Ophthalmol. 1999;27(3-4):166-9.

Swathi N, Venipriya S, Geetha C. Impact of an educational module on the knowledge and attitude of nursing students toward eye donation. J Clin Ophthalmol Res. 2017;5:115-20.