Study of biosocial problems amongst adolescent girls of Rajapur area of Kalaburagi district of Karnataka, India


  • Amrutha Swati Indupalli Department of Community Medicine, Khaja Banda Nawaz Institute of Medical Sciences (KBNIMS), Kalburgi, Karnataka
  • Purushottam A. Giri Department of Community Medicine, JIIU’s Indian Institute of Medical Science & Research Medical College, Badnapur, Jalna, Maharashtra



Adolescent girls, Health problems, School dropout, Behavioral problems


Background: Adolescent girls are not only the future citizens but also the mother of the future nation. In this age group they have to go undergo a complex process of emotional, physical and social changes. In physical sector the menstrual problems are predominant and in psychological part the behavioral problems, negligence from the parents end, early marriage and high school drop out rate are important.The objective of the study was to study the biosocial problems amongst adolescent girls of Rajapur area of Kalaburagi district of Karnataka.

Methods:A community based cross-sectional study was carried out amongst 238 adolescent girls aged 15 -19 years in an urban community of Kalaburgi from April 2009 to March 2010. This age group is considered as it corresponds with late adolescents as per WHO.    

Results: Out of 238 adolescent girls, 31.5% were married, 41.18% went to school and remaining were cases of school dropouts. 9.24% were neglected major reason for negligence of girl child was  girls were not being the future earning member, in 10 (4.20%) cases only among all the girls examined. 30.18% had menstrual problems most common was dysmenorrhoea (27.73%). 36.97% were free from behavioral problems. Depression that tops the list (63.02%) followed by shyness (57.14%). It was a good sign to note that addiction and suicidal tendency were at lower score (2.1% and 1.26%) respectively.

Conclusions:In our study, we observed that root cause of behavioral morbidity was not exactly known, so we recommend that to find out the root cause, a proper psychological counselling should be done by setting up counselling centers and find out the prevalence of psychiatric problems amongst girls. With the help of these centers the increased school dropout rate can also be checked.


Macmillan Dictionary for Students Macmillan, Pan Ltd. 1981;456:14. Retrieved 2010-7-15.

Cote JE. Identity: A multidimensional analysis. In GR. Adams, T. Gullotta and R. Montemeyer (Eds.), New York, NY: Sage Publications Issues in Adolescent Development. 1996;6:130-80. PSY345 Lecture Notes Ego Psychologists, ErikErikson. Retrieved 2009-08-11.

Bhende AA. A study of sexuality of adolescent girls and boys in underprivileged groups in Bombay. The Indian Journal of Social Work, 1994;4:557-71.

Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health: 1. Introduction to Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health (AYRH):

Kumar P, Sharama SS. Distribution of menstruation in adolescent girls. The Journal of Obstetric and Gynecology of India. 1999;49(5):42-5.

Michael Windle. Transitions Into Underage and Problem Drinking Summary of Developmental Processes and Mechanisms: Ages 10–15. Pediatrics 2008;121(4):S273–89.

Begum J, Hossain AM, Nazneen SA. Menstrual pattern and common menstrual disorders among students in Dinajpur College. Dinajpur Med Col J. 2009;2:37-43.

Patil SN. Health profile amongst adolescent girls in Rural area of Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra. India Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research. 2009;5:1784-90.

Sund AM, Larsson B, Wichstrom L. Psychosocial correlates of depressive symptoms among 12–14-year-old Norwegian adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2003;44(4):588-97.

Mishra A, Sharma AK. A Clinico-Social Study of Psychiatric Morbidity in 12 to 18 Years School Going Girls in Urban Delhi. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2001;26,(2).

Kashani JH, Beck NC, Hoeper EW. Psychiatric Disorders in a Community sample of Adolescents. Am J Psychiatry. 1987;144(5):584-9.

Christi A, Patten MA, Christian G. Depressive symptoms in California Adolescents: Family structure and parental support, Journal of Adolescent health. 1997;20:271-8.

Arnold, Kishor, Roy. Sex Selective Abortions in India. Population and Development Review. 2002:28(4):759-85.

Gupta DM. Why is Son Preference so Persistent in East and South Asia? A Cross-Country Study of China, India, and the Republic of Korea, Journal of Development Studies. 2003;40(2):153-87.

Grant M, Lloyd CB, Mensch B. Menstruation and school absenteeism: Evidence from rural Malawi, Comparative Education Review. 2013;57(2):260-84.

Gender DM. sexuality and schooling: Everyday life in junior secondary schools in Botswana and Ghana. International Journal of Educational Development. 2007;27(5):499-511.




How to Cite

Indupalli, A. S., & Giri, P. A. (2017). Study of biosocial problems amongst adolescent girls of Rajapur area of Kalaburagi district of Karnataka, India. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 3(1), 200–203.



Original Research Articles