DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20203917

Effect of lockdown due to COVID-19 pandemic on mental health of pre-medical students of Maharashtra

Moksh S. Khetan, K. M. Jaiswal, Lohit S. Vaishnao, Mahek Kewalramani, Ritika J. Shah

Abstract


Background: The worldwide rapid increase of infected cases of COVID-19 has created a sense of uncertainty and anxiety about what is going to happen. The Government of India ordered the complete lockdown in nation. As a result the pre-medical exam has been postponed with no definite date. It has also lead to unfavourable effects on the learning and psychological health of students.

Aim: To evaluate and analyse the prevalence of Depression, Anxiety and Stress among pre-medical students of Maharashtra using DASS-21.

Methods: It was an online survey which was conducted using Google Forms with link sent using WhatsApp. A standard DASS-21 questionnaire was used for the study. The survey questionnaire would take around 3-4 min to complete. Total 324 responses were received by the stipulated time.

Results: The study showed that the people of age group less than 20 years were more depressed in this lockdown crisis as compared to those of age above 20 years. In the present study, 44 respondents of age less than 20 years had very high levels of anxiety while in the age group of above 20 there were 25 such respondents. The relationship between anxiety level and age was statistically significant. When compared on the stress scale it was found that females of age less than 20 years were under maximum stress.

Conclusion: Index survey suggested that the pandemic affected the preparation of the respondents to a great extent and affected their mental status negatively.


Keywords


Pandemic, Corona virus, NEET, Mental health, Psychological impact

Full Text:

PDF

References


Last JM, editor. A dictionary of epidemiology, 4th edition. New York: Oxford University Press; 2001.

Kahn Jeffrey S., McIntosh Kenneth. History and recent advances in coronavirus discovery. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005;24:S223-7.

Anthony S.J., Johnson C.K., Greig D.J. Global patterns in coronavirus diversity. Virus Evol. 2017;3: vex012.

McIntosh K., Kapikian A.Z., Turner H.C. Seroepidemiologic studies of coronavirus infection in adults and children. Am J Epidemiol. 1970;91:585.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2019. Novel Coronavirus, Wuhan, China. Information for Healthcare Professionals. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/hcp/index.html. Accessed on 2020 Apr 11.

IJMR Research Articles on Coronavirus India & COVID-19. Special Issue on Coronavirus India & COVID-19. Available from: https://icmr.nic.in/content/covid-19. Accessed on 2020 Apr 11.

Gettleman, Jeffrey; Schultz, Kai (24 March 2020). "Modi Orders 3-Week Total Lockdown for All 1.3 Billion Indians”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.

"Close schools, all religious activities, extend lockdown: States tell Centre". India Today.7 April 2020.

Sharma, Neeta (30 May 2020). Ghosh, Deepshikha (ed.). ""Unlock1": Malls, Restaurants, Places of Worship to Reopen June 8". NDTV.Retrieved 30 May 2020.

Al-Rabiaahab A, Temsahabc MH, Al-Eyadhy AA, Gamal M Hasan, Fahad Al-Zamil , Sarah Al-Subaie et al Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-CoronaVirus (MERS-CoV) associated stress among medical students at a university teaching hospital in Saudi Arabia. J Infect Public Health. 2020;13(5):687-691.

Shock, fear, and fatalism: as coronavirus prompts colleges to close, students grapple with uncertainty. Mar; 2020; Kafka AC. https://www.chronicle.com/article/Shock-FearFatalism-As/248240. The Chronical of Higher Education. 2020. Accessed on 2020 Apr 11.

Travis Tian-Ci QUEK, Wilson Wai-San Tam, Bach X. Tran, Min Zhang, Zhisong Zhang, Cyrus Su-Hui Ho, et.al. The global prevalence of Anxiety among medical students : A meta-analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019;16:2735.

Lovibond PF, Lovibond SH. The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories. Behav Res Ther. 1995;33:335-43.

Daniel Z. Fang, Christina B. Young, Shahrokh Golshan, Ian Fellows, Christine Moutier, Sidney Zisook Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry. 2010;12(6).

Szabó M .The short version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21): Factor structure in a young adolescent sample. J Adolescence.2010;33:1-8.

Dyrbye LN, West CP, Satele D, Boone S, Tan L, Sloan J et al. Burnout among U.S. medical students, residents, and early career physicians relative to the general U.S. population. Acad Med. 2014;89:443-51.

Goebert D, Thompson D, Takeshita J, Beach C, Bryson P, Ephgrave K, et al. Depressive symptoms in medical students and residents: a multischool study. Acad Med. 2009;84:236-41.

Schwenk TL, Davis L, Wimsatt LA. Depression, stigma, and suicidal ideation in medical students. JAMA. 2010;304:1181-90.