Assessment of infrastructure, manpower and functioning of an anganwadi centre of an urban area of south 24 parganas, West Bengal, India

Dey Rituraj, Sikder Rajib, Kundu Subha Sankha, Majumdar Kunal Kanti, Joardar Goutam Kumar


Background: ICDS is one of the flagship programmes of the Government of India. Proper utilization of ICDS services depend on factors like infrastructure, accessibility, availability of resources and satisfaction of the beneficiaries. ICDS services are essential for promotion of health and nutritional status of mothers and adolescents; psychological, physical, social development of children. The scheme is important to reduce morbidity, mortality, malnutrition, school dropouts among the beneficiaries. To assess the overall functioning, a cross sectional study was conducted in an Anganwadi Centre of South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal.

Methods: In 2019, a cross-sectional study conducted in an Anganwadi centre at Sonarpur block, South 24 Parganas, West Bengal. Out of 26 AWCs present in Sonarpur block, 1 AWC selected randomly for study. Data collected with a predesigned, pretested and structured oral questionnaire.

Results: AWC was in a shared club room with adequate infrastructure. Manpower adequate. Materials and equipment’s adequate, well maintained. 91% children had available growth charts, 96% accurately plotted. 15% moderately undernourished, rest were normal. 54% children getting non formal preschool education. 64% mothers attending mothers’ meeting. 93% of 6 months to 3 years of children, 87% of 3-6 years of children and 100% of the pregnant and lactating mothers were getting supplementary nutrition. 47% adolescents availing the IFA/ deworming services. Kerosene used for cooking fuel.

Conclusions: Few gaps identified related to growth monitoring, reporting of beneficiaries, delivering of some services. Those gaps need to be addressed for improved functioning of the AWC.


Anganwadi centre, Functioning, Infrastructure, Manpower

Full Text:



Integrated child development services (ICDS) Scheme: Ministry of Women & Child Development, Govt. of India. Available at: accessed on 19th February, 2020

Umbrella ICDS: Ministry of Women & Child Development, Govt. of India. Available at: accessed on 19th February, 2020

Saha M, Biswas R. An assessment of facilities and activities under integrated child development services in a city of Darjeeling district, West Bengal, India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:2000-6.

Chudasama RK, Kadri AM, Verma PB, Vala M, Rangoonwala M, Sheth A. Evaluation of nutritional and other activities at Anganwadi centers under integrated child development services program in different districts of Gujarat, India. J Med Nutr Nutraceut. 2015;4:101-6.

Gill KPK, Devgun P, Mahajan SL, Kaur H, Kaur A. Assessment of basic infrastructure in anganwadi centres under integrated child development services scheme in district Amritsar of Punjab. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:2973-6.

Debata I, Anand P, Ranganath TS. A study to assess availability of basic infrastructure of anganwadi centres in a rural area. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3(8):1992-7.

Malik A, Bhilwar M, Rustagi N, Taneja DK. An assessment of facilities and services at Anganwadi centers under the Integrated Child Development Service scheme in Northeast District of Delhi, India. International J Quality in Health Care. 2015;27(3): 201-6.

Singh H, Malhotra AK. A cross-sectional study to assess functioning of anganwadi centers under Badagaon block, district Jhansi (UP). Indian J Applied Research. 2019; 9(3):56-8.

Thomas N, Sengupta P, Benjamin AI. An Assessment of the Integrated Child Development Services Programme in an Urban Area of Ludhiana, Punjab. IOSR J Dent Medic Sci. 2015;14:58-61.

Thakare MM, Kuril BK, Doible MK, Goel NK. A study of functioning of anganwadi centres of urban ICDS block of Aurangabad city. Indian J Prev Soc Med. 2011;42(3):253-8.

Bhagat VM, Choudhari SG, Baviskar SR, Mudey AB. Availability and Utilization of Anganwadi services in an adopted urban area of Wardha. Online J Health Allied Ses. 2015;14(4):4.

Sharma A. National consultation to review the existing guidelines in ICDS scheme in the field of health and nutrition. Indian Pediatr. 2001;38:721-31.

Ahmad E, Khan Z, Khalique N, Amir A, Khalil S. A Study Of Utilization Of Integrated Child Development Services In 1-5 Years Old Children Registered With Rural Health Training Centre, Jawan, Aligarh, UP. Ind J Preventive Social Medic. 2005;36(3,4):137-42.