Lockdown- of the people, for the people and by the people

Ravitheja Jampani, Vasireddy Nayanatara


COVID-19 pandemic affected almost all countries in world (except North Korea). Pandemic originated in Wuhan and spread its wings across the world. Many countries started taking war foot measures to control spread of pandemic, isolate its patients and impose lockdown over its population. People from various countries understood and the governments made people understand the effects of pandemic COVID-19. Lock down was implemented several times in history of mankind. The Plague pandemic, Cholera, Influenza pandemic of 1918 and SARS 2002 pandemic are known situations where lockdown was implemented to contain the damage caused. COVID-19 is probably the first time in history of mankind where lockdown was implemented in most of the world countries at same time in a never before seen magnitude. Number of countries under lockdown, number of days of lockdown and number of deaths caused by COVID-19 are never seen in history.


COVID-19 pandemic lockdown, Lock down in past, Lockdown, Shutdown

Full Text:



Definition of Lockdown. 2020. Available at: /lockdown. Accessed on 17 April 2020.

Security lockdown levels and response. 2020 Available at: dam/sm/sgec/documents/events/WebinarGEPR/PDF-Security-Lockdown-Levels-and-Response-General.pdf. Accessed on 19 April 2020.

Klinger A, Klinger A. Keeping students safe every day: how to prepare for and respond to school violence, natural disasters, and other hazards. 1st ed. Alexandria, Virginia: ASCD books and publications; 2018.

Schildkraut J, Nickerson A. Ready to respond: effects of lockdown drills and training on school emergency preparedness. Victims Offenders. 2020:1-20.

The Plague Contagious. The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal. 1840;21(22):345-8.

Tognotti E. Lessons from the history of quarantine, from plague to influenza A. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19(2):254-9.

The Deadliest Flu: The Complete Story of the Discovery and Reconstruction of the 1918 Pandemic Virus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2020. Available at: flu/pandemic-resources/reconstruction-1918-virus.html. Accessed on 19 April 2020.

Strochlic N, Champine RD. How some cities ‘flattened the curve’ during the 1918 flu pandemic. National Geographic. 2020. Available from: Accessed on 19 April 2020.

Fong M, Gao H, Wong J, Xiao J, Shiu E, Ryu S, et al. Nonpharmaceutical measures for pandemic influenza in nonhealthcare settings- social distancing measures. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26(5):976-84.

Fraser C, Riley S, Anderson R, Ferguson N. Factors that make an infectious disease outbreak controllable. Proceed Nat Acad Sci. 2004;101(16):6146-51.

Patrozou E, Mermel L. Does influenza transmission occur from asymptomatic infection or prior to symptom onset? Public Health Rep. 2009;124(2):193-6.

Kim NY. How the 1918 pandemic frayed social bonds. The Atlantic. 2020. Available at: Accessed on 19 April 2020.

Waters M. If you think quarantine life is weird today, try living it in 1918. Slate Magazine. 2020. Available from: https://www.bunkhistory. org/resources/5840. Accessed on 19 April 2020.

Wilder-Smith A, Chiew C, Lee V. Can we contain the COVID-19 outbreak with the same measures as for SARS? Lancet Infect Dis. 2020;20(5):102-7.

Phased Reopening of Schools: Singapore Government Press Release, 5 Apr 2003. 2020. Available from: archivesonline/data/pdfdoc/2003040501.htm. Accessed on19 April 2020.

WHO. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome- Press briefing. 2020. Available at: https://www.who. int/csr/sars/press2003_04_01/en/. Accessed on 19 April 2020.

WHO Timeline- COVID-19. 2020. Available at: Accessed on 19 April 2020.

Coronavirus: Timeline of the global spread of COVID-19. 08.04.2020. DW.COM. 2020. Available at: Accessed on 19 April 2020.

Lancet T. COVID-19: fighting panic with information. Lancet (London, England). 2020;395(10224):537.

Horton R. Offline: COVID-19- what countries must do now. Lancet. 2020;395(10230):1100.

From Boris Johnson, Prince Charles to Bond Girl Olga, and Andy Cohen: Celebs who tested positive for Covid-19- COVID-19: The Great Leveller. The Economic Times. 2020. Available from: 74847756.cms. Accessed on 7 April 2020.

Coronavirus world: What countries are still in lockdown and how long has it been? Metro News. 2020 Available at: 2020/04/17/countries-still-lockdown-many-weeks-12572519/. Accessed on 19 April 2020.

Coronavirus Update (Live): 2,402,980 Cases and 165,641 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Pandemic - Worldometer. 2020. Available from: Accessed on 19 April 2020.

Guo YR, Cao QD, Hong ZS, Tan YY, Chen SD, Jin HJ, et al. The origin, transmission and clinical therapies on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak–an update on the status. Military Med Res. 2020;7(1):1-10.

Huang L, Zhang X, Zhang X, Wei Z, Zhang L, Xu J, et al. Rapid asymptomatic transmission of COVID-19 during the incubation period demonstrating strong infectivity in a cluster of youngsters aged 16-23 years outside Wuhan and characteristics of young patients with COVID-19: A prospective contact-tracing study. Journal of Infection. 2020;80(6).

Rothe C, Schunk M, Sothmann P, Bretzel G, Froeschl G, Wallrauch C, et al. Transmission of 2019-nCoV infection from an asymptomatic contact in Germany. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(10):970-1.

Phan L, Nguyen T, Luong Q, Nguyen T, Nguyen H, Le H, et al. Importation and human-to-human transmission of a novel coronavirus in Vietnam. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(9):872-4.

Liu Y, Gayle A, Wilder-Smith A, Rocklöv J. The reproductive number of COVID-19 is higher compared to SARS coronavirus. J Travel Med. 2020;27(2).

Esposito S, Principi N, Leung C, Migliori G. Universal use of face masks for success against COVID-19: evidence and implications for prevention policies. European Respiratory J. 2020;55(6):2001260.

Infection prevention and control of epidemic- and pandemic-prone acute respiratory infections in health care. WHO Press, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2014.

Pike B, Saylors K, Fair J, LeBreton M, Tamoufe U, Djoko C, et al. The origin and prevention of pandemics. Clin Infect Dis. 2010;50(12):1636-40.

Ullah R, Zaman G, Islam S. Prevention of influenza pandemic by multiple control strategies. J Appl Mathem. 2012;2012:1-14.

Xiao Y, Torok ME. Taking the right measures to control COVID-19. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020;20(5):523-4.

Emily S, Eili K, Gary L, Katie T, Ruchita B, Geetanjali K, et al. COVID-19 in India: potential impact of the lockdown and other longer-term policies. New Delhi: The Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy; 2020:1-29.

Fernandes N. Economic effects of coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19) on the World Economy. SSRN Electronic J. 2020.

Gita G. The great lockdown: worst economic downturn since the great depression. Global economy. 2020. Available at: https://blogs.imf. org/2020/04/14/the-great-lockdown-worst-economic-downturn-since-the-great-depression/. Accessed on 20 April 2020.