DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20202505

Assessment of self-efficacy and academic performance of medical students

Manoj Kumar Saxena, Anshuman Sharma

Abstract


Background: In present scenario academic self-efficacy is an important key factor to assess academic progress among students, so that their outcome in exams can be enhanced. The aim of this study was to assess academic self-efficacy among medical students according to present curriculum.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted among 120 students of Shyam Shah Medical College, Rewa (MP). Samples were selected from exam going students of third professional examination, either current batch or detained batch. A self-administrated, structured questionnaire was developed to collect data from the undergraduates. Assessment according to objective questions from their current syllabus was done to assess academic self-efficacy, the study adapted the questions framed by faculty members of third professional students. 200 questions from all the subjects of third year were included. Data were collected and data analysis was done by applying proper statistical tests.

Results: The mean academic self-efficacy in boys was 76.03. Maximum marks obtained were 178/200 among boys and 189/200 among girls. The mean scores of all students were not significantly associated with mean scores from their academic session in college.

Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate that more aged students have less academic self-efficacy as compared to their younger batch mates. Females and males were equally sincere in terms of their academic efficacy. Study pattern of medical students is curriculum based.


Keywords


Academic self-efficacy, Medical students, Curriculum, Undergraduates

Full Text:

PDF

References


Raeisoon M, Mohammadi Y, Abdorazaghnejad M, Sharifzadeh G. An investigation of the relationship between self‑concept, self‑esteem, and academic achievement of students in the nursing‑midwifery faculty in Qaen during 2012‑13 academic year. Mod Care J. 2014;11:236‑42.

Komarraju M, Nadler D. Self‑efficacy and academic achievement: why do implicit beliefs, goals, and effort regulation matter. Learn Individ Differ J. 2013;25:67‑72.

Bandura A. Perceived self‑efficacy in cognitive development and functioning. Educ Psychol. 1993;28:117‑48.

Bandura A. Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioural change. Psychological Rev. 1977;84:194-215.

Sugiyama K, Matsui H, Satoh C, Yoshimi Y, Takeuchi M. Effects of self-efficacy and outcome expectation on observational learning of altruistic behaviour. Shinrigaku Kenkyu. 1992;63:295-302.

Jager SKM, Schotanus CJ, Themmen AP. Motivation, learning strategies, participation and medical school performance. Med Educ. 2012;46:678-88.

Bandura A, Barbaranelli C, Caprara GV, Pastorelli C. Multifaceted impact of self-efficacy beliefs on academic functioning. Child Dev. 1996;67:1206-22.

Bandura A, Barbaranelli C, Caprara GV, Pastorelli C. Self-efficacy beliefs as shapers of children's aspirations and career trajectories. Child Dev. 2001;72:187-206.

Schunk DH. Self-efficacy and cognitive achievement: implications for students with learning problems. J Learning Disabilities. 1989;22:14-22.

Pajares F, Graham L. Self-efficacy, motivation constructs, and mathematics performance of entering middle school students. Contemporary Edu Psy. 1999;24:124-39.

Mavis B. Self-efficacy and OSCE performance among second year medical students. Adv Health Sci Educ. 2001;6:93-102.

Chen MC, Lin HJ. Self-efficacy, foreign language anxiety as predictors of academic performance among professional program students in a general English proficiency writing test. Perceptual Motor Skills. 2009;109:420-30.

Walsh KA. The relationship among mathematics anxiety, beliefs about mathematics, mathematics self-efficacy, and mathematics performance in associate degree nursing students. Nurs Educ Perspect. 2008;29:226-9.

Jenicek M. Towards evidence-based critical thinking medicine? Uses of best evidence in flawless argumentations. Med Sci Monit. 2006;12:149-53.

Loughlin M. Critical thinking vs Moral expertise: a commentary on the rationale of value-laden medicine. J Evaluat Clin Pract. 2003;9:92-4.

Wright AB, Holttum S. Gender identity, research self-efficacy and research intention in trainee clinical psychologists in the UK. Clin Psychol Psychotherap. 2012;19:46-56.

Lee TS, Chen YP, Chang CW. Gender differences in the perceived self-efficacy of safer HIV practices among polydrug abusers in Taiwan. Comprehensive Psychiatr. 2011;52:763-8.

Khan AS, Cansever Z, Zeynep U. Perceived Self-Efficacy and Academic Performance of Medical Students at Ataturk University, Turkey. Journal College Physicians Surg Pakistan. 2013;23(7):495-8.