DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20203006

Study on knowledge, attitude and practices regarding biomedical waste management among post graduate residents in a tertiary care hospital of Lucknow

Sugandhi Sharma, Trideep Jyoti Deori

Abstract


Background: It is estimated that 10-25% of the healthcare waste generated is hazardous and presents physical, chemical and/or microbiological risk to the general population and health-care workers associated with handling, treatment, and disposal of waste. All health personnel are expected to have proper knowledge, practice and capacity to guide others for waste collection and management and proper handling techniques. This study was conducted with the aim to assess knowledge, attitude and practices among 1st year post graduate residents in a tertiary care hospital of Lucknow.

Methods: It was a hospital based cross-sectional study carried out in March 2017 on 1st year Junior Residents of King George’s medical University, Lucknow. Data was collected using a structured, self-administrated questionnaire, designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices on various aspects of bio-medical waste (BMW) management.

Results: Majority (72%) of the residents had an average knowledge about BMW management. About one-fourth of them (27.7%) knew about the maximum time beyond which the waste can’t be stored in the hospital while about half of the residents (56.2%) thought that their knowledge regarding biomedical waste is adequate. It was alarming to note that 11.6 percent of the residents were not vaccinated against Hepatitis B.

Conclusions: The residents had average knowledge about BMW management, legislation and color coding. The attitude of residents regarding BMW was good but in practice it was average. There is an essential need for better education to improve the practices of BMW management by well-designed seminars, programs and workshops.


Keywords


Attitude, Bio medical waste management, Junior residents, Knowledge, Practice

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