Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding snakes and snake bite among students of industrial training institute in tribal area of Maharashtra

Mandar V. Chandrachood, Snehal P. Chavhan


Background: Snake bite is an important public health issue and an occupational hazard in India often faced by farmers and villagers. Most vulnerable are people in rural and tribal area but they are poorly informed about the snake bite. This study was undertaken with objective of assessing the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding snakes and snake bite among students of Industrial Training Institute (ITI) in tribal area.   

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in all students of the institute to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding snakes and snake bite. Data was collected in a predesigned and pretested proforma by oral questionnaire method and was analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive statistics and appropriate statistical tests of significance.

Results: Knowledge about identification of snakes was low. Most correctly identified snake was spectacled cobra (92.3%). Snakes are fond of milk was the most prevailing myth (60%). There was inadequate knowledge about proper first aid and treatment measures of snake bite. Participants from urban area and having higher secondary education had significantly higher knowledge, (p=0.015, p=0.025 respectively).  

Conclusions: Participants had inadequate knowledge about identification of snakes with various prevailing myths. Most of the participants were not aware of proper first aid measures but all knew that the patient should be taken to a hospital. There is a need to educate rural and tribal population about snakes and about first aid and treatment measures for snake bite.


Snakes, Snake bite, Myths, First aid, Treatment

Full Text:



Ratanabanangkoon K, Tan KY, Eursakun S, Tan CH, Simsiriwong P, Pamornsakda T, et al. A simple and novel strategy for the production of a panspecific antiserum against elapid snakes of Asia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016;10:0004565.

Warrell DA. Snake bite. Lancet. 2010;375:77-88.

Alirol E, Sharma SK, Bawaskar HS, Kuch U, Chappuis F. Snake bite in South Asia: A review. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010;4:603.

Park K. Epidemiology of chronic non-communicable diseases and conditions. In: Park’s text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 25th edition. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers; 2019:443.

Anjum A, Munawwar HHA. Epidemiological Profile of Snake Bite at Tertiary Care Hospital, North India. J Forensic Res. 2012;03:1422-8.

Tilak R. Snakes. In: Text book of Public Health and Community Medicine. 1st edition. Pune: Department of Community Medicine, AFMC, Pune in collaboration with WHO, India office, New Delhi; 2009:968.

Vijayaraghavan B, Ganesh SR. In: The illustrated book of south Indian snakes. 1st edition. Chennai: The Chennai Snake Park Trust; 2011:23.

Bawaskar HS, Bawaskar PH, Punde DP, Inamdar MK, Dongare RB. profile of snake bite envenoming in rural maharastra, India. J Assoc Physician India. 2008;56:88-95.

Bawaskar HS, Bawaskar PH. Call for global snake– bite control and procurement funding. Lancet. 2001;357:1132-3.

Keooudom A, Strobe M. Snake bites in rural Laos: a neglected problem. Available at 14102008-jitmm-d5-Keooudom-snake-bite.pdf. Accessed on 18 December 2019.

Krishnaleela G, Meena SM, Daya PA. A KAP study on snake bite among the rural population in Tirunelveli district. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5:1762-5.

Pathak I, Metgud C. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding snakes and snake bite among rural adult of Belagavi, Karnataka. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:4527-31.

Duminda SB, Dissanayake, Wellappuliarchchi SM. Knowledge and Attitude on highly Venomous snakes by questionnaire survey among the Students of Rajarata University, Mihintale, Sri Lanka. Int Res J Biological Sci. 2014;3(12):67-72.

Pandey DP, Pandey SG, Devkota K, Goode M. Public perceptions of snakes and snakebite management: implications for conservation and human health in southern Nepal. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2016;12:22.

Chincholikar SV, Patniak B, Raje S. Awareness of Snake bite and its first aid management in rural areas of Maharashtra. Indian J Community Health. 2014;26(3):311-5.

Silva, Marikar F, Murugananthan A, Agampodi S. Awareness and perceptions on prevention, first aid and treatment of snakebites among Sri Lankan farmers: a knowledge practice mismatch. J Occupational Med Toxicol. 2014;9:20.

Pe T, Mya S, Myint AA, Aung NN, Kuy KA, Oo T. Field trial of efficacy of local compression immobilization first-aid technique in Russell’s viper (Daboia russelii siamensis) bite patients. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2000;31(2):346-8.