DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20202474

Knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning among reproductive age group women of urban and rural areas of Gadag: a comparison study

Jannatbi Iti, Roshan Mudaraddi

Abstract


Background: India is the second most populous country in the world 1.311 million (2015). With only 2.4% of the world land area India is supporting 17.5% of the world population. The rampant population growth has been viewed as the greatest obstacle to the economic and social advancement. Reproductive choice is one of the most fundamental rights of a couple. Empowering a woman to control her fertility allows her to complete her education or employment aspirations. Aim and objective of the study was to know the distribution of socio-demographic factors which influence KAP about FP methods among eligible reproductive age group women.

Methods: A community based cross sectional study was done from 27 March 2017 to 20 April 2017 in rural and urban areas of Gadag Taluk in women of eligible reproductive age group with a sample size of 560.

Results: 25.4% of the women are in the age group of 28-32 years. Majority of the women belonged to Hindu (87.5%) and 11.1% Muslims. Highest proportion of women have completed middle and high school which amounts to 42.3%. and 17.7% were illiterates. 43.6% of the respondents married at the age of 20-24 years, 48.2% of the women were homemakers, 3.6% were professionals and 1.8% were semi-professionals and 23.2% were unskilled.

Conclusions: Family planning is the most effective measure to bring control on the population. Knowing the socio-demographic factors which influence the adoption of family planning methods is of utmost importance to plan for birth control and spacing children especially for the policy makers.


Keywords


Attitude and practices, Knowledge, Family planning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Technical Report Series (TRS) WHO 1971. Available at https:// www. who. int/ biologicals/ technical_ report_series/en/. Accessed on 12 January 2020.

Patil MG, Mahyavanshi DK, Girija K. A cross sectional study on KAP regarding spacing methods among married women of the reproductive age group in the field practice area of UHTC in Surrendranagar district. Health Line. 2011;2(2):31-5.

Provisional Population Report. Government of India (2012). Census 2011. Available at https:// censusindia. gov.in/ 2011- prov-results/ prov_ results_paper1_india.html. Accessed on 12 January 2020.

Srivastav A, Khan MS, Chauhan CR. Knowledge, attitude and practices about contraceptive among married reproductive females. Int J Sci Stud. 2014;1:2-4.

Abinash U, Shah SK, Thapa D. Knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning methods among married women of reproductive age group in earth quake displaced population of Sindupalchok district, Nepal. Am J Public Health Res. 2017;5(1):1-5.

Singh A, Singh K, Verma P. Knowledge, attitude and practice GAP in family planning usage: an analysis of selected cities of Uttar Pradesh. Contracep Reprod Med. 2016;1:20.

Thapa P, Pokharel N, Shreshta M. Knowledge, attitude and practices of contraception among the married women of reproductive age group in selected wards of Dharan sub-metropolitian city. J Reprod Health Contracept. 2018;3:1-8.

Sherpa SZ, Shelini M, Nayak A. Knowledge, attitude, practice and preferences of contraceptive methods in Udupi district, Karnataka. J Family Reprod Health. 2013;7(3):115-20.

Semachew A, Tarekegn M, Embiale N. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards family planning among reproductive age women in a resource limited settings of Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes. 2018;11:577.

Sindhu BM, Angadi MM. Knowledge, attitude and practice about Family planning methods among reproductive age group women in a tertiary care institute. Int J Sci Stud. 2016;4(20):133-6.