Social economy and dietary patterns with incidence of stunting in elementary school children at working area of Lapai public health center Padang

Dasril Oktariyani, Yuni Resi Fitri, Rahmatiqa Chamy


Background: The incidence of stunting in the Lapai Public Health Center has increased. The incidence of stunting in primary school-age children 6-12 years is a manifestation of stunting in infants, with 84 cases. Socio-Economic Level and Dietary Patterns are one of the factors that influence stunting. The aim of the study was to determine the socioeconomic and dietary patterns with the incidence of stunting in elementary school children in Lapai Public Health Center, Padang.

Methods: This type of research is observational analytic with case-control study program. The study period was June 2019 with a sample of 19 cases and 19 controls. Data collection using questionnaires and univariate analysis using descriptive statistics in the form of frequency and percentage distributions while bivariate with chi-square test α 0.05.

Results: From the results of the case group more than half (63.2%) of respondents have high socioeconomic status, more than half (63.2%) of respondents have good dietary patterns, there is no relationship between socioeconomic status with the stunting incidents and there is a meaningful relationship between dietary patterns and stunting incidents. From analysis, the OR value was 14 times the risk of stunting in elementary school children in Lapai Public Health Center.

Conclusions: Dietary patterns in school-age children have an important role in improving nutritional status. It is recommended for families to pay attention to children's dietary patterns, adjust their diet according to schedule and accompany children when eating and to the health center to provide counselling to families to play a role in providing care for the child's eating.


Dietary patterns, Economic status, Stunting, School age children

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