Contemporary factors of teenage pregnancy in rural communities of Abia state, Nigeria


  • Udochi M. Nwosu Department of Public Health Medicine, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, Abia State- Nigeria



Factors, Nigeria, Rural communities, Teenage pregnancy


Background: Teenage pregnancy (TP) is a serious health problem world-wide which has grievous after effect on health of females. The study aims at identifying factors influencing TP in rural communities of Abia State – Nigeria. It also seeks to determine the current prevalence of TP.

Methods:A household survey of 10 randomly selected communities was carried out using a multi-stage sampling method. A sample of 400 girls aged 11-19 years, was calculated from a population of 2505 girls enumerated from the 10 communities, using Lutz’s formula n = Z2pq/d2 as stated by Ejemot- Nwadiaro  Data were collected using a pre-tested structured questionnaire that was interviewer administered. Data were analyzed quantitatively using SPSS V20. Chi-Square statistic was used in determining statistical significance.

Results: The prevalence of TP in this study was 49%. Factors identified to influence TP were broadly categorized into four: socio-demographic factors of teenage age P<0.05, marital status P<0.05, education P<0.05, employment P<0.05. Others were awareness factors P<0.05, parental factors P<0.05, teenage life style and societal factors P<0.05.

Conclusions:Efforts to mitigate teenage pregnancy and its attendant public health and socio-economic problems should begin by proffering lasting and sustainable solutions to these identified factors. 


Okapani AOU, Ikimalo J, John C. Teenage Pregnancy. Tropical J Obstet Gynaecol. 1995;12(1):34-6.

Susan DH, Robert FA, Shanta RD, Vincent JF, Polly AM, Maurizio M and James SM. The Protective Effects of Family Strength in Childhood against Adolescent Pregnancy and Its Long-Term Psychosocial Consequences. The Permarente Journal/Fall. 2010;14(3):18-27

Scholl TO, Hediger ML, Salmon RW. Association between gynaecological age and preterm birth. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 1989;3:357-66.

World Health Organization (WHO) (2016). Adolescent Pregnancy. Available at http// Accessed 2 September, 2016.

Uwaezuoke AIO, Uzochukwu BSC, Nwagbo DFE, Onwujekwe OE. Determinants of Teenage Pregnancy in Rural Communities of Abia State, South East Nigeria. J College of Medicine. 2004;9(1):28-33.

Envuladu EA, Agbo HA, Ohize VA, Zoakah Al. Determinants and Outcome of Teenage Pregnancy in Rural Community of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria Sub-Saharah Afr J Med. 2014;1:48-52.

Amoran OE. A comparative analysis of predictors of teenage pregnancy and its prevention in a rural town in Western Nigeria. Int J Equity Health. 2012;11:37.

Ayuba II, Gani O. outcome of teenage pregnancy in the Niger Delta of Nigeria. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2012;22(1):45-50.

Jamin DZ. National Population Commission on Adolescents and Youths (Nigerian Experience). Delivered at the 46th Session of the United Nations Commission on population and Development. New York April 24th 2012. Available at. Accessed 12 September, 2016.

Ogunlesi TA, Ayeni VA, Jagun EO, Ogunfowora OB. Socio-clinical Factors Related to the Perinatal outcome of Teenage Pregnancies in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital. Niger J Paed. 2013;40(3):290-4.

Ezegwu HU, Ikeako LC, Ogbuefi F. Obstertric Outcome of TP at a Tertiary Hospital in Enugu, Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract. 2012;15(2):147-50.

Omole-Obonsi A, Attah RA. Obstetric outcome of Teenage Pregnancies in Kano, North Western Nigeria. West Afr J Med. 2010;29(5):318-22.

UNESCO (2006). Human Trafficking in Nigeria: Root Causes and Recommendation. Policy Paper No14. 2 (E). Paris: Author. 2006 Available at Accessed 2 September, 2016.

Njoku C. Pregnant Teenage Girls Open up: How we were lured to Motherless Baby homes. Available at Accessed 2 September, 2016.

Ejemot-Nwadiaro RI. A guide to Biostatistics and Health Research Methods. Calabar. Datapro Publisher. 2009;65-6.

Olorumfemi EA. A comparative Analysis of Predictors of Teenage Pregnancy and its Prevention in a Rural Town in Western Nigeria. Int J for Equity in Health. 2012;11(37):1-7.

Mchunu G, Peltzerk, Tutshana B, Seutlwadi L. Adolescent Pregnancy and Associated Factors in South African Youth Afr Health Sci. 2012;12(4): 426-34.

Ibeh CC, Ikechebelu JI. Teenage Pregnancy: Knowledge and Attitude of Adolescents in Southeast Nigeria. Jnl College of Medicine. 2002;7(2):104-7.

Odu BK, Ayodele CJ. The Incidence of Teenage Pregnancy in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The Nigeria J Guidance and Courselling. 2006;11(1):25-33.

Adeyinka DA, Oladimajio, Adekambi TI. Outcome of Adolescent Pregnancies in South Western Nigeria: A Case-Control Study. J Maternal Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010;23(8):785-9.

Alichie BO. Baby Dumping and Evolving Baby Factories in Nigeria. Their Implication for Child Right and Social Protection. J Religion and Human Relations. 2015;7(2):29-43.

Eseadi C, Achagh W, Amaka B, Ikechukwu-Ilomuanya, Shulamite EO. Prevalence of Baby Factory in Nigeria: An Emergent Form of Child Abuse, Trafficking and molestation of women. International J Interdisciplinary Research Methods. 2015;2(1):1-12.

Usman AO, Ewere NA. Baby Factory Syndicates: An emerging child adoption racket in Nigeria. Afr. J for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. 2016; ISSN: 978-32184-4-1. index.php/ajpssi/article/view136903

Emem BA, Abasiatai AM, Abasiubong F. Outcome of teenage pregnant mothers in Uyo, Nigeria. Tropical J Medical Research. 2006;10(1):20-3.

Huntley SS. The phenomenon of baby factory in Nigeria as a new trend in human trafficking. International Crimes Database (ICD), Brief 3. Available at http://www.International Accessed 2 September, 2016.

Uduma K. How child trafficking network operates in South East. Retrieved from Accessed 2 September, 2016.




How to Cite

Nwosu, U. M. (2017). Contemporary factors of teenage pregnancy in rural communities of Abia state, Nigeria. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 4(2), 588–592.



Original Research Articles