Study of life style determinants of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents in urban Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India


  • Shashi Prabha Tomar Department of Community Medicine, NSCBMC, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Pradeep Kumar Kasar Department of Community Medicine, NSCBMC, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Rajesh Tiwari Department of Community Medicine, NSCBMC, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India



Adolescents, Life style, Obesity, Overweight


Background: Obesity has become a colossal epidemic causing serious public health concern and contributes to 2.6 million deaths worldwide every year. Indian data regarding current trends in childhood obesity are emerging. Considering the fact that India has rapidly growing middle class easily habituated for enormous lifestyle changes in recent decades responsible for developing potential platform for obesity among youths. Accordingly, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the associations between overweight, obesity and several lifestyle factors, including physical activity, sedentary behaviours among adolescents aged 10-17 years.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in two schools of Jabalpur located around medical college area , 184  students effectively interviewed by predesigned questionnaire regarding Socio-demographic profile ie current residence, age, mothers educational and occupational status and family size and life style practices like  the physical activity questions designed to asses typical time spent per day on games and outdoor activity, on sedentary activities, including television (TV) viewing, video games, and computer and internet use. Data entry and data processing were carried out using the SPSS version 17 software and data analyses were applied using the appropriate statistical tests of significance.

Results: Prevalence of obesity and overweight: Of the 184 adolescents studied, 7.6% were obese and 2.2% were pre-obese.

Conclusions: Among all of the lifestyle factors assessed, overweight and obesity exhibited associations with less frequent physical activity, and more television and internet use.


WHO. Preventing Chronic Diseases: A Vital Investment. WHO. 2015. [Last cited on 2014 Mar 04]. Available from: chp/chronic_disease_report/en/.

Raj M, Sundaram KR, Paul M, Deepa AS, Kumar RK. (2007) Obesity in Indian children: time trends and relationship with hypertension. Natl Med J India. 2007;20:288-93.

Raj M, Sundaram KR, Paul M, Deepa AS, Kumar RK. Obesity in Indian children: Time trends and relationship with hypertension. Natl Med J India. 2007;20:288-93.

Barlow SE. Expert Committee: Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: summary report. Pediatrics. 2007;120:164-92.

Duncan S, Duncan EK, Fernandes RA, Buonani C, Bastos KD, Segatto AF, Codogno JS, Gomes IC, Freitas IF Jr. Modifiable risk factors for overweight and obesity in children and adolescents from Sao Paulo, Brazil. BMC Public Health. 2011;11(1):585.

Lazarou C, Soteriades ES. Children's physical activity, TV watching and obesity in Cyprus: the CYKIDS study. Eur J Public Health. 2010;20(1):70-7.

Croezen S, Visscher TL, Ter Bogt NC, Veling ML, Haveman-Nies A. Skipping breakfast, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity as risk factors for overweight and obesity in adolescents: results of the E-MOVO project. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009;63:405-12.

Dupuy M, Godeau E, Vignes C, Ahluwalia N. Socio-demographic and lifestyle factors associated with overweight in a representative sample of 11–15 year olds in France: results from the WHO-Collaborative Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:442.

Bradlee ML, Singer MR, Qureshi MM, Moore LL. Food group intake and central obesity among children and adolescents in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Public Health Nutr. 2010;13:797-805.

De Gouw L, Klepp KI, Vignerová J, Lien N, Steenhuis IH, Wind M. Associations between diet and (in)activity behaviours with overweight and obesity among 10-18-year-old Czech Republic adolescents. Public Health Nutr. 2010;13(10A):1701-7.

Rohilla R, Rajput M, Rohilla J, Malik M, Garg D, Verma M. Prevalence and Correlates of Overweight/Obesity Among Adolescents in an Urban City of North India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2014;3(4):404-8.

Donohoue PA. Obesity. In: Behrman RE, Kleigman RM, Jenson HB, editors. Nelson textbook of pediatrics. 17th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 2004. pp. 173–7.

Must, A, Dallal, GE Dietz, WH. Reference data for obesity: 85th and 95th percentile body mass index (wt/ht2) and triceps skinfold thickness. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1991;53:839-46.

Madhvapaty H, Dasgupta A. Study of Lifestyle Trends on Changing Food Habits of Indian Consumers. IOSR J Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology. 2015;9:16-22.

Magbool G, Kaul KK, Corea JR, Osman M, Al-Arfaj A. Weight and height of Saudi children six to 16 years from the eastern province. Ann Saudi Med. 1993;13:344-9.

Kapil U, Singh P, Pathak P, Dwivedi R, Bhsin S. Prevelence of obesity among affluent adolescents school children in Delhi. Indian paediatr. 2002;39:449-52.

Kaneria Y, Singh P, Sharma DC. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in relation to socio economic conditions in two different groups of school age children of Udaipur city (Rajastan) J Indian Assoc Community Med. 2006;7:133-5.

Jelliffee DB. Assessment of nutritional status of the community. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1988.

Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity: International survey. BMJ. 2000;320:1-6.

Sidhu S, Marwah G, Prabhjot Prevalence of overweight and obesity among the affluent school children of Amritsar, Punjab. Coll Antropol. 2005;29:53-5.

Deheeger M, Cachera-Rolland MF, Fontvieille AM. Physical activity and body composition in 10 year old french children: linkage with nutritional intake? Int J Obes. 1997;21:372-9.

Anderssen N, Wold B. Parental and peer in uences on leisure-time physical activity in young adolescents. Res Q Exerc Sport. 1992;63:341-

Laxmaiah A, Nagalla B, Vijayaraghavan K, Nair M. Factors affecting prevalence of overweight among 12- to 17-year-old urban adolescents in Hyderabad, India. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007;15(6):1384-90.

Owen N, Bauman A, Booth M, Oldenburg B, Magnus S. Serial mass-media campaigns to promote physical activity: Reinforcing or redundant? Am J Public Health. 1995;85:244-8.

Lin BH, Guthrie J, Frazao E, editors. Nutrient contribution of food away from home: America’s eating habits: Changes and consequences. Economic Research Service Report. Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 1999;750:213-39.

Pereira MA, Kartashov AI, Ebbeling CB, Van Horn L, Slattery ML, Jacobs DR Jr, et al. Fast-food habits, weight gain, and insulin resistance (the CARDIA study): 15-year prospective analysis. Lancet. 2005;365:36-42.

Al-Hazzaa HM, Musaiger AO, ATLS Research Group: Arab Teens Lifestyle Study (ATLS): Objectives, design, methodology and implications. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2011;4:417-26.

Cole T, Bellizzi M, Flegal K, Dietz W. Establishing a standard definition of child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000;320:1240-3.




How to Cite

Tomar, S. P., Kasar, P. K., & Tiwari, R. (2017). Study of life style determinants of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents in urban Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 4(2), 554–559.



Original Research Articles