Assessment of nutritional status and its effect on academic performance in school children of Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Maseer Khan, Mohd Shanawaz, Amani Awwadh Altoaibi, Abdul Aziz Behees Gaba, Osama Ismail Saqeeh, Abdur Rahman Ali Mashali


Background: Adolescence is the tender and vital period in the life of a person. It is a transitional stage of physical and psychological development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood. Nutrition is the prime requirement of the adolescents for their physical and mental growth. The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status of the primary school going children in Jazan, KSA and to analyze the association of nutrition status with academic performance of school going children in Jazan, KSA.   

Methods: This study involved 4 schools chosen randomly from the government schools of Jazan. 7th and 8th class children were considered for the study. Required ethical approval bearing reference number 28943 dated 20/6/1440 was taken from the Institutional ethical committee. Study sample: 200 collection of the data: data collected from the schools of Jazan selected randomly in the school working hours.

Results: 60% of the sample is in the age group 17-18 years. 30% of the sample were having more than 5 siblings. 16% of the parents were illiterates.  The proportion of students taking milk products more than 3 times in the week (79.1%) were found to be performing well in the schools than the students consuming less than 3 days week. Strong association was found between performance of the students and parent’s education as the educated parents’ children were performing well.

Conclusions: Good nutrition for the growing kids was found to be associated with academic performance of the students.  


Nutritional status, Academic performance, Jazan, Diet

Full Text:



Ogunsile SE. The Effect of Dietary Pattern and Body Mass Index on the Academic Performance of In-School Adolescents. International Education Studies. 2012;5(6):65-72.

Taghizadeh Moghaddam H, Bahreini A, Ajilian Abbasi M, Fazli F, Saeidi M. Adolescence Health: the needs, problems and attention. International J Pediatrics. 2016;4(2):1423-38.

Handa R, Ahamad F, Kesari KK, Prasad R. Assessment of nutritional status of 7-10 years school going children of Allahabad district: A review. Middle-East J Scien Res. 2008;3(3):109-15.

Taras H. Nutrition and student performance at school. J School Health. 2005;75(6):199-213.

Galal O, Hulett J. The relationship between nutrition and children's educational performance: a focus on the United Arab Emirates. Nutrition Bulletin. 2003;28(1):11-20.

Kretchmer N, Beard JL, Carlson S. The role of nutrition in the development of normal cognition. American J Clin Nutr. 1996;63(6):997-1001.

Meyers A, Sampson A, Weitzman M. Nutrition and academic performance in school children. Clin Appl Nutr. 1991;1:13-25.

Pollitt E, Mathews R. Breakfast and cognition: an integrative summary. American J Clin Nutr. 1998;67(4):804-13.

Morley CE. Neurotransmitters and nutrition. Orthomolecular Psychiatry. New York: McGraw Hill Book. Company; 1981;12:38-43.

Toga AW, Thompson PM, Sowell ER. Mapping brain maturation. Focus. 2006;29(3):148-390.

Boateng AC. Prevalence of Malnutrition among Children 1-8 Years in Ghana: Amansie West District of Ghana.

Glewwe P, Jacoby HG, King EM. Early childhood nutrition and academic achievement: a longitudinal analysis. J Public Economics. 2001;81(3):345-368.

Onis DM, Habicht JP. Anthropometric reference data for international use: recommendations from a World Health Organization Expert Committee. American J Clinical Nutr. 1996;64(4):650-8.

Alswat KA, Al-shehri AD, Aljuaid TA, Alzaidi BA, Alasmari HD. The association between body mass index and academic performance. Saudi Medical J. 2017;38(2):186.

Li Y, Dai Q, Jackson JC, Zhang J. Overweight is associated with decreased cognitive functioning among school‐age children and adolescents. Obesity. 2008;16(8):1809-15.

Lee Y, Manan WA. Mutritional status, academic performance and parental feeding practices of primary school children in a rural district in Kelantan, Malaysia. Progress Health Sci. 2014;4(1):144-52.

Zhang J, Hebert JR, Muldoon MF. Dietary fat intake is associated with psychosocial and cognitive functioning of school-aged children in the United States. J Nutrition. 2005;135(8):1967-73.

Abudayya A, Shi Z, Abed Y, Holmboe Ottesen G. Diet, nutritional status and school performance t among adolescents in Gaza Strip. 2011.

El‐Hazmi MA, Warsy AS. A comparative study of prevalence of overweight and obesity in children in different provinces of Saudi Arabia. J Tropical Pediatrics. 2002;48(3):172-7.

Khan SQ, Khan NB, Rejaie AS. Dental caries. Saudi Med J. 2013;34(7):744-9.