Effect of antibiotic prescribing in primary care on antimicrobial resistance: a literature review 2020


  • Bandar A. Alharbi Qassim University College of Medicine, Buraydah
  • Abrar A. Assiri Faculty of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha
  • Khulud A. Asiri Faculty of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha
  • Dalia A. Albagli Alfaisal University, Riyadh,
  • Abrar A. Alanazi Medicine and Surgery, Tabuk University, Tabuk
  • Abeer A. Saleh Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah
  • Abdulelah A. Luheybi Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah
  • Yaser Y. Thabit Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah
  • Abdulelah H. Alluhaybi Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah




Antibiotics, Resistance, Primary care, Review


Our aim is to review the literature and, where appropriate, investigating subsequent antibiotic resistance in individuals prescribed antibiotics in primary care. Data sources are observational and experimental studies identified through Medline, Embase, and Cochrane searches. Review methods Electronic searches using MeSH terms and text words identified 4373 papers. Results The review included 24 studies, 22 involved patients with symptomatic infection and two involved healthy volunteers, 19 were observational studies (of which two were prospective) and five were randomised trials. The observations concluded that individuals prescribed an antibiotic in primary care for a respiratory or urinary infection develop bacterial resistance to that antibiotic.


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How to Cite

Alharbi, B. A., Assiri, A. A., Asiri, K. A., Albagli, D. A., Alanazi, A. A., Saleh, A. A., Luheybi, A. A., Thabit, Y. Y., & Alluhaybi, A. H. (2020). Effect of antibiotic prescribing in primary care on antimicrobial resistance: a literature review 2020. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 7(2), 783–787. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20200065



Review Articles