DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20200973

Assessing level of pre and post interventional knowledge and attitude for dengue awareness among selected government school student of Bhopal, India

J. S. Meena, Rajendra Mahore, Abhishek Sahay, S. S. Sengar

Abstract


Background: Dengue is a major public-health issue all over tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. It is the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease, which shows a 30-fold increase in global incidence over the past 50 years. According to the estimates from the World Health Organization 50-100 million dengue infections occur each year and that to add to the seriousness that around 50% of the world’s population lives in countries where the disease is endemic.

Methods: Educational Interventional cross-sectional study done in 2 selected Govt. Higher Secondary School in Bhopal. 100 students were selected in both school in which 50 boys and 50 girl’s student selected. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire developed by investigator which comprised of 36 questions. The interviewee who was willing to participate in the study was given the questionnaire and was asked to fill the questionnaire before and after the educational intervention and the results were analyzed.

Results: The study involved a total of 100 students who successfully answered all the baseline and follow up questionnaire. A total of 50% male students and 50% female students were present in this study. This study showed of significance increase in knowledge and significance change in their attitude after the post intervention questionnaires.

Conclusions: The knowledge about dengue fever was good among students, attitudes towards to keep their surroundings was also good; however, it was found that the good knowledge and attitudes does not necessarily lead to good practice. Health education programme should be continued and intensified with emphasis on school, college students and young adults.


Keywords


Attitude, Dengue, Knowledge, Student

Full Text:

PDF

References


Halstead SB. Dengue. Lancet. 2007;370(9599):1644-52.

Mustafa MS, Rasotgi V, Jain S, Gupta V. Discovery of fifth serotype of dengue virus (DENV-5): A new public health dilemma in dengue control. Med J Arm Forc Ind. 2015;71(1):67-70.

Pai HH, Lu YL, Hong YJ, Hsu EL. The differences of dengue vectors and human behaviour between families with and without members having dengue fever/dengue haemorrhagic fever. International J Environ Health Res. 2005;15(4):263-9.

Taksande A, Lakhkar B. Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of dengue fever in the rural area of central India. Shiraz E-Med J. 2012;13(4):146-57.

Ramakrishnan SP, Gelfand HM, Bose PN, Sehgal PN, Mukherjee RN. The epidemic of acute haemorrhagic fever, Calcutta, 1963: epidemiological inquiry. Ind J Med Res. 1964;52:633-50.

Chaturvedi UC, Nagar R. Dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever: Indian perspective. J Biosci. 2008;33(4):429-41.

Pandya G. Prevalence of dengue infections in India. Def Sci J. 1982;4:359-70.

Waggoner JJ, Gresh L, Vargas MJ, Ballesteros G, Tellez Y, Soda KJ, et al. Viremia and clinical presentation in Nicaraguan patients infected with Zika virus, chikungunya virus, and dengue virus. Clin Infe Dis. 2016;3:589.

World Health Organization. Global strategy for dengue prevention and control; 2012-2020.

World Health Organization. Dengue, guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2009. Available at: http://www.who.int/ tdr/publications/ documents/dengue-diagnosis.pdf. Accessed 18 August 2016.

World Health Organization. Weekly epidemiological record. Dengue vaccine: WHO position paper; 2016.

Jagtap MB, Sale LS, Bhosale AS, Sathe A, Sathe TV. Incidence of Dengue and shifting trend to rural in Kolhapur district, India. Int J Bio Forum. 2009;1:2-60.

Gubler DJ, Clark GG. Dengue/dengue hemorrhagic fever: the emergence of a global health problem. Emerg Infec Dis. 1995;1(2):55.

World Health Organization. Dengue hemorrhagic fever: Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control. 2nd edition. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1997.

Chakravarti A, Kumaria R. Eco-epidemiological analysis of dengue infection during an outbreak of dengue fever, India. Virol J. 2005;2(1):32.

Istúriz RE, Gubler DJ, del Castillo JB. Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever in Latin America and the Caribbean. Infec Dis Clin. 2000;14(1):121-40.

Effler PV, Pang L, Kitsutani P, Vorndam V, Nakata M, Ayers T, et al. Dengue Fever, Hawaii, 2001- 2002. Emerg Infec. 2005;11(5):742-9.

Shuaib F, Todd D, Campbell-Stennett D, Ehiri J, Jolly PE. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding dengue infection in Westmoreland, Jamaica. West Ind Med J. 2010;59(2):139-46.

Espinoza-Gómez F, Hernández-Suárez CM, Coll-Cárdenas R. Educational campaign versus malathion spraying for the control of Aedes aegypti in Colima, Mexico. J Epidemiol Commu Health. 2002;56(2):148-52.

Pandey VK, Aggarwal P, Kakkar R. Modified BG Prasad Socio-economic Classification, Update: 2019. Indian J Community Health. 2019;31(1):150-2.

Arora P, Arora M, Sharma V, Kotwal A. Dengue: awareness, preventive practices and water storage behaviour in an urban community of Delhi. Intern J Commu Med Pub Health. 2017;4(12):4460.

Valantine B, Kumar RP, Vasudevan S, Sureshbabu J, Singh Z. Cross sectional study on knowledge, attitude and practice regarding dengue among adult population visiting a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry, India. Int J Commu Med Pub Heal. 2017;4:623-7.

Malhotra G, Yadav A, Dudeja P. Knowledge, awareness and practices regarding dengue among rural and slum communities in North Indian city, India. Int J Med Sci Pub Health. 2014;3(3):295-9.

Matta S, Bhalla S, Singh D, Rasania SK, Singh S. Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on dengue fever: a hospital-based study. Ind J Commu Med. 2006;31(3):185-6.

Jeelani S, Sabesan S, Subramanian S. Community knowledge, awareness and preventive practices regarding dengue fever in Puducherry-South India. Public Health. 2015;129(6):790-6.

Singru S, Debnath D, Bhosale SB, Pandve H, Fernandez K. Study of knowledge, attitude and practices regarding dengue in the urban and rural field practice area of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Pune, India. Med J Dr. DY Patil Uni. 2013;6(4):374.