DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20200991

A situation model of integrated health information platform in India: an anticipated review

Mogan Ka, Aravind Gandhi Periyasamy, Venkatesh U., Jugal Kishore

Abstract


Health system in India is fragmented with different kinds of health care providers engaged in the delivery of health services across rural and urban areas. The integration of health information in a single platform aids in strengthening the public health surveillance systems, better decision support system, improvement in the efficiency and effectiveness in the context of health education and monitoring. In order to integrate the public health data and strengthen the surveillance and monitoring, the integrated health information platform (IHIP) was launched as pilot project following the report of the joint monitoring mission of the World Health Organization. IHIP integrates the electronic health records of the citizens on a pan-India basis aids in providing a comprehensive health profile of the population. Integrated disease surveillance programme (IDSP) module of integrated health information platform (IHIP) was the earliest initiative of integrating various health programmes. It is a web-based real-time, village wise, case-based electronic health information system that will aim to provide details about epidemic-prone diseases with geographical information system (GIS) thus reducing the morbidity and mortality and lessening disease burden in the populations. GIS information obtained via IHIP provides information in the form of a geographical map as interface data with real-time monitoring thus contributes to Geospatial Epidemiology in addition to information by IDSP. This article aims to describe the anticipated model of IHIP in the context of providing ‘One Health’ by the integration of health sectors.


Keywords


GIS integration, Integrated disease surveillance programme, Integrated health information platform, One health, Real-time monitoring

Full Text:

PDF

References


EMR Standards Committee. Recommendations on electronic medical records standards in India. Available at: https://mohfw.gov.in/sites/default/files/ 24539108839988920051EHR%20Standards-v5%20Apr%202013.pdf. Accessed 19 December 2019.

Janakiraman R, Park E, Demirezen E, Kumar S. The effects of health information exchange access on healthcare quality and efficiency: An empirical investigation. Mays Busin School Res Paper; 2017 Available at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2915190. Accessed 19 December 2019

World Health Organization. Digital health. Draft resolution proposed by Algeria, Australia, Brazil, Estonia, Ethiopia, Germany, India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Mauritius, Morocco, Panama, Philippines, and South Africa. 71st World Health Assembly agenda item. 2018:25;12:A71.

Nsubuga P, White ME, Thacker SB, Anderson MA, Blount SB, Broome CV, et al. Public health surveillance: a tool for targeting and monitoring interventions. Dis Control Priori Develop Coun. 2006;2:997-1018.

Balsari S, Fortenko A, Blaya JA, Gropper A, Jayaram M, Matthan R, et al. Reimagining Health Data Exchange: An application programming interface-enabled roadmap for India. J Med Inter Res. 2018;20(7):e10725.

Integrated Health Information Program (IHIP). Available at: https://www.nhp.gov.in/integrated_ health_information_program_mtl. Accessed 16 December 2019.

Guidelines of Soft launch Integrated Health Information Platform Integrated Disesase Surveillance Programme of Segment of November; 2018.

Yasobant S, Bruchhausen W, Saxena D, Falkenberg T. One health collaboration for a resilient health system in India: Learnings from global initiatives. One Health; 2019: 100096.

Fradelos EC, Papathanasiou IV, Mitsi D, Tsaras K, Kleisiaris CF, Kourkouta L. Health based geographic information systems (GIS) and their applications. Acta Inform Med. 2014;22(6):402.

Elliott P, Wartenberg D. Spatial epidemiology: current approaches and future challenges. Environ Health Pers. 2004;112(9):998-1006.

Suresh K. Integrated Diseases Surveillance Project (IDSP) through a consultant’s lens. Ind J Pub Health. 2008;52(3):136-43.

Dixon BE, Siegel JA, Oemig TV, Grannis SJ. Electronic health information quality challenges and interventions to improve public health surveillance data and practice. Pub Health Rep. 2013;128(6):546-53.

Kierkegaard P, Kaushal R, Vest JR. Applications of Health Information Exchange Information to Public Health Practice, AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2014;2014:795-804.

Ryu S, Park M, Lee J, Kim SS, Han BS, Mo KC, et al. Web-based integrated public healthcare information system of Korea: development and performance. Healthcare Infor Res. 2013;19(4):314-23.