Knowledge about epidemiological determinants of obesity and its management amongst medical professionals of Marathwada region of Maharashtra, India

Hina M. Kausar, Purushottam A. Giri, Azhar A. Siddiqui


Background: Obesity has become a challenge in medical care worldwide. Medical professionals have a significant role to play in preventing and diagnosing weight problems and in providing initial counseling. Health professionals are poorly prepared in weight management, which has an effect on their knowledge and management skills with regard to overweight and obese patients. Hence the present study was carried out to assess the knowledge about epidemiological determinants of obesity and its management amongst medical professionals of Marathwada region of Maharashtra, India.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out during the period of March to April 2019 amongst 110 medical professionals at Department of Community Medicine of IIMSR Medical College, Badnapur, Jalna, Maharashtra, who were actively participated in continued medical education (CME) on obesity and its management where the knowledge of medical professionals were assessed. Data was analysed by using appropriate statistical test whenever necessary.

Results: In this study, the pre-test good knowledge score was 14 (12.7%), which increased to 61 (55.5%) post CME. The pre-test mean score of level of knowledge was 7.41±4.12 and after CME, it was 12.90±5.21 and the mean difference was 5.49, which was statistically highly significant.

Conclusions: As obesity is a public health problem globally, there was marked improvement in the knowledge amongst medical professionals after CME on epidemiological determinants of obesity and its management.



Epidemiological determinants, Knowledge, Medical professionals, Obesity

Full Text:



Martins C, Norsett-Carr A. Obesity knowledge among final-year medical students in Norway. Obes Facts. 2017;10(6):545-58.

Park K. Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 25th ed, M/s Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers, Jabalpur; 2019:426-427.

World Health Organization (WHO) 2018. Obesity and Overweight, Fact Sheet No.311 2018:132-137.

Hager A. Cumulated Index Medicus. Br Med Bull 1981;37(3):287-89.

Tsai AG, Histon T, Kyle TK, Rubenstein N, Donahoo WT. Evidence of a gap in understanding obesity among physicians. Obes Sci Prac. 2018;4(1):46-51.

Al-Ghawi A, Uauy R. Study of the knowledge, attitudes and practices of physicians towards obesity management in primary health care in Bahrain. Pub Health Nutr. 2009;12(10):1791-8.

Metcalf M, Rossie K, Stokes K, Tanner B. The perceptions of medical school students and faculty toward obesity medicine education: survey and needs analysis. JMIR Med Edu. 2017;3(2):e22.

Bucher Della Torre S, Courvoisier DS, Saldarriaga A, Martin XE, Farpour-Lamber NJ. Knowledge, attitudes, representations and declared practices of nurses and physicians about obesity in a university hospital: training is essential. Clin Obes 2018;8:122-30.

Mkhatshwa VB, Ogunbanjo GA, Mabuza LH. Knowledge, attitudes and management skills of medical practitioners regarding weight management. Afri J Pri Health Care Family Med. 2016;8(1).

Bocquier A, Verger P, Basdevant A, Andreotti G, Baretge J, Villani P, et al. Overweight and obesity: knowledge, attitudes, and practices of general practitioners in France. Obes Res. 2005;13(4):787-95.

Bleich SN, Bennett WL, Gudzune KA, Cooper LA. National survey of US primary care physicians’ perspectives about causes of obesity and solutions to improve care. BMJ Open. 2012;2(6):e001871.

Fogelman Y, Vinker S, Lachter J, Biderman A, Itzhak B, Kitai E. Managing obesity: a survey of attitudes and practices among Israeli primary care physicians. Int J Obes. 2002;26(10):1393-7.

Sebiany AM. Primary care physicians’ knowledge and perceived barriers in the management of overweight and obesity. J Family Commun Med. 2013;20(3):147.

Sahoo K, Sahoo B, Choudhury AK, Sofi NY, Kumar R, Bhadoria AS. Childhood obesity: causes and consequences. J Family Med Pri Care. 2015;4(2):187.

Wilding J. Are the causes of obesity primarily environmental? Yes. BMJ. 2012;345:e5843.

Auspitz M, Cleghorn MC, Azin A, Sockalingam S, Quereshy FA, Okrainec A, et al. Knowledge and perception of bariatric surgery among primary care physicians: a survey of family doctors in Ontario. Obes Surg. 2016;26(9):2022-8.