DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20200988

A study to assess the awareness and practice regarding utilization of sanitary toilet in the rural villages of Kalaburagi district

Sunil Deshmukh, Shreeshail Ghooli, Ravi S. Kurle

Abstract


Background: As there is some improvement in sanitary latrine use and safe disposal of child faeces which is the one of the important goal of millennium development goals, awareness, practice and lack of community and household sanitary latrines is still a major problem. The objective was to study awareness and practice about use of sanitary latrine in villages.

Methods: The study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice in rural villages of Kalaburagi District, Karnataka, India. The study sample consist a total of 500 participants.

Results: The prevalence of usage of sanitary latrines was 40%. The prevalence of open air defecation in the study was 97.4%. There was significant association between belief, low standard of living and open air defecation.

Conclusions: To overcome the underutilization problem of sanitary latrines in rural areas is to provide quality household and community sanitary latrines along with the provision for creating awareness among the population regarding the benefit of using sanitary latrine.


Keywords


Attitude, Knowledge, Sanitary latrine

Full Text:

PDF

References


Preventing diarrhoea through better water, sanitation and hygiene. World Health Organization 2014.

Lahiri S, Yegbemey RN, Goel N, Mathew L, Puri J. Promoting latrine use in rural India. Int Initiative Impact Eval. 2017;5:1-38.

Banerjee AB, Pasha MAM, Fatima A, Isaac E. A study on open air defecation practice in rural Nandivargram village, Andhra Pradesh. Int J Bioassays. 2013;2(7):1051-4.

Saleem M, Burdett T, Heaslip V. Health and social impacts of open defecation on women: a systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2019;19:158.

Gopal S, Sarkar R, Banda K, Govindarajan J, Harijan BB, Jeyakumar MB, et al. Study of water supply and sanitation practices in India using geographic information systems: some design and other considerations in a village setting. Indian J Med Res Mar. 2009;129(3):233-41.

Park K. Preventive and social medicine. Banaridas Bhanot Publishers, 25thedi. 2005:701.

Panda PS, Chandrakar A, Soni GP. Prevalence of open air defecation and awareness and practices of sanitary latrine usage in a rural village of Raipur district. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4(9):3279-82.

Bhardwaj A, Surana A, Mithra P, Singh A, Panesar S, Chikkara A. et al. A community based cross sectional study on use of sanitary latrines in a rural set up in Maharashtra. IAPSM Healthline J. 2013;4:89-92.

Kema K, Semali I, Mkuwa S, Kagonji I, Temu F, Ilako F, Mkuye M, et al. Factors affecting the utilisation of improved ventilated latrines among communities in Mtwara Rural District, Tanzania. Pan Afr Med J. 2012;13(1):4.

Akter T, Ali AR, Dey NC. Transition overtime in household latrine use in rural Bangladesh: a longitudinal cohort study. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:721.

Awoke W, Muche S. A cross sectional study: latrine coverage and associated factors among rural communities in the district of bahir dar zuria, Ethiopia. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:99.

Barnard S, Routray P, Majorin F, Peletz R, Boisson S, Sinha A, et al. Impact of Indian total sanitation campaign on latrine coverage and use: a cross sectional study in Orissa three years following programme implementation. PLoS One. 2013;8(8):71438.

Boisson S, Sosai P, Ray S, Routray P, Torondel B, Schmidt WP, et al. Promoting latrine construction and use in rural villages practicing open defecation: process evaluation in connection with a randomised controlled trial in Orissa, India. BMC Res Notes. 2014;7:486.

Geeta J, Sampath Kumar S. Open Defecation: Awareness & Practices of Rural Districts of Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Sci Res. 2014;5(3):2277-8179.

Loughlin OR, Fentie G, Flannery B, Emerson PM. Follow-up of a low cost latrine promotion programme in one district of Amhara, Ethiopia: characteristics of early adopters and non-adopters. Trop Med Int Health. 2006;11(9):1406-15.

Diallo MO, Hopkins DR, Kane MS, Niandou S, Amadou A, Kadri B, et al. Household latrine use, maintenance and acceptability in rural Zinder, Niger. Int J Environ Health Res. 2007;17(6):443-52.

Rodgers AF, Ajono LA, Gyapong JO, Hagan M, Emerson PM. Characteristics of latrine promotion participants and non-participants; inspection of latrines; and perceptions of household latrines in Northern Ghana. Trop Med Int Health. 2007;12(6):772-82.