DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20200986

Assessment of oral hygiene practices among medical students

Vineeta Gupta

Abstract


Background: Oral health is an important aspect of general health and wellbeing. As per available researches the high prevalence of oral diseases is a major public health problem. Oral hygiene is further compromised by unhealthy habits like tobacco use and lack of dental specialist care. Undergraduate medical and nursing students should be aware of oral health and dental hygiene as they are the future healthcare provider on whom the health of nation will depend.

Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted at Raipur Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India during study period July 2019 to September 2019. Purposive sampling method was used to select M.B.B.S. and B.Sc. nursing students as study subjects. Only those students present in the college on the days of the data collection and those willing to participate were included in the study. Data (background information, awareness and practice regarding oral hygiene) was collected using a predesigned pretested questionnaire.

Results: 52.7% of the study subjects were female and 47.3% were male. 7.9% students were confident of their healthy teeth and expressed as good and very good condition. All the students were brushing teeth daily and few students even brushed twice a day (30.7%). Frequency of changing toothbrush, method of tooth brushing, use of inter-dental aid, use of tobacco, use of alcohol and causes of bad breath were significantly associated with gender variable.

Conclusions: Awareness with respect to oral health (using fluoridated toothpaste) among students was adequate. However, awareness of usage of toothbrushes and non-practicing tobacco and alcohol habit show the oral health knowledge in these students. The correct knowledge about maintaining good oral health needs to be given to the individuals in an effective manner at earliest so that it becomes a part of their life style.


Keywords


Awareness, Oral hygiene, Dental health, Medical students, Nursing students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Reddy L, Saimadhavi N, Sudhakara Reddy R, Ramesh T, Padma Reddy, Saikiran C. Oral hygiene practices and habits among dental students and staff in a dental college India. Cumhuriyet Dent J. 2014;17(1):7-13.

Gopinath V. Oral hygiene practices and habits among dental professionals in Chennai. Indian J Dent Res. 2010;21(2):195-200.

Folayan M, Sowole A, Jebutu AK. Risk Factors for caries in children from south-western nigeria. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2007;32:171-5.

Goyal A, Gauba K, Chawla HS, Kaur M, Kapur A. Epidemiology of dental caries in chandigarh school children and trends over the last 25 years. J Indian Soc Pedo Prev Dent. 2007;25:115-8.

Dhar V, Jain A, Van Dyke TE, Kohli A. Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in the schoolgoing children of rural areas in udaipur district. J Indian Soc Pedo Prev Dent. 2007;25:119-21.

Zhu L, Petersen PE, Wang H-Y. Oral health knowledge, attitudes and behavior of children and adolescents in China. Int Dent J. 2003;53:289-98.

Chander Shekar BR, Reddy C, Manjunath BC, Suma S. Dental health awareness, attitude, oral health-related habits and behaviours in relation to socio-economic factors among the municipal Employees of Mysore city. Ann Trop Med Public Health. 2011;4:99-106.

Dagli RJ, Tadakamadla S, Dhanni C, Duraiswamy P, Kulkarni S. Self-reported dental health attitude and behavior of dental students in India. J Oral Sci. 2008;50:267-72.

Bhat PK, Kumar A, Aruna CN. Preventive oral health knowledge, practice and behavior of patients attending dental institution in Banglore, India. J Int Oral Health. 2010;2:1-6.

Kapoor D, Gill S, Singh A, Kaur I, Kapoor P. Oral hygiene awareness and practice amongst patients visiting the Department of periodontology at a Dental College and Hospital in North India. Indian J Dent. 2014;5:64-8.

Patil AV, Somasundaram KV, Goyal RC. Current health scenario in rural India. Aust J Rural Health. 2002;10:129-35.

Gundala R, Chava VK. Effect of lifestyle, education and socioeconomic status on periodontal health. Contemp Clin Dent. 2010;1:23-6.

McKelvey VA, Thomson WM. A qualitative study of oral health knowledge and attitudes among staff caring for older people in Dunedin long-term care facilities. New Zealand Dent J. 2003;99(4):98-103.

Punitha VC, Sivaprakasam P. Oral hygiene status, knowledge, attitude and practices of oral health among rural children of kanchipuram district. Indian J Multidiscip Dentist. 2011;1(2):115-8.

Kumar KK, Ramachandra S, Babu AR, Reddy BVR. A study on oral hygiene practices and habits among dental professionals in Andhra Pradesh. J Orofac Sci. 2011;3(2):4-9.

Kakkad DN, Murali R, Krishna M, Yadav S, Yalamalli M, Kumar AV. Assessment of oral hygiene knowledge, attitude and practices among engineering students in North Bangalore: a cross-sectional survey. Int J Sci Stud. 2015;3(1):84-9.

Peltzer K, Pengpid S. Oral health behaviour and social and health factors in university students from 26 low, middle- and high-income countries. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014;11(12):12247-60.

Prasad AK, Shankar S. Oral health KAP of first year engineering students of KSR College of technology, Thiruchengode, the future rulers. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent. 2010;8(16):143-7.

Gasgoos SS, Jazrawi KH, Al-Ajrab MG. Dental health knowledge, attitude and behavior among first year university students, Mosul. Al-Rafidain Dent J. 2007;7(2):138-52.

Kumar SM, Singarampillay V, Natrajan S. Oral health awareness among two non professional college students in Chennai, India – a pilot study. Int J Sci Res Publ. 2012;2(5):1-5.

Doshi D, Baldava P, Anup N, Sequriea PS. A comparitive evaluation of self-reported oral hygiene practices among medical and engineering university students with access to health promotive dental care. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2007;8(1):68-75.

Azodo CC, Unamatopka B. Gender difference in oral health perception and practices among Medical House Officers. Russian Open Med J. 2012;1:2.

Vasanthkumar HA, D’cruz MA, Samad S, Shamima, Dhinda HS, Mansib HS et al. Oral hygiene practices among paramedical staff of a private dental institution in India. RSBO. 2013;10(3):205-10.

Kumar MP. Knowledge, attitude and practices towards oral health among law students. J Pharm Sci. 2016;8(7):650-3.

Torkzaban P, Arabi SR, Sabounchi SS, Roshanaei G. The efficacy of brushing and flossing sequence on control of plaque and gingival inflammation. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2015;13(3):267-73.

Baseer MA, Alenazy MS, Asqah MA, Gabbani MA, Mehkari A. Oral health knowledge, attitude and practices among health professionals in King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh. Dent Res J (Isfahan). 2012;9(4):386-92.

Gopikrishna V, Bhaskar NN, Kulkarni SB, Jacob J, Sourabha KG. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of oral hygiene among college students in Bengaluru city. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent. 2016;14(1):75-9.

Srivastava K, Rathod HK, Sharma P, Bhawalkar JS. Practice and problems regarding oral hygiene: study among female medical undergraduate students of tertiary care hospital, Pune, India. Int J Res Med Sci. 2016;4:2214-7.

Thangavelu A, Elavarasu S, Saravanan J. Oral health practices and awareness among patients at the department of periodontics at J.K.K.N Dental college and hospital, Komarapalayam. IJCDS. 2014:5(1):13-6.

Puscasu CG, Totolici I. Study regarding the connection between the oral hygiene status, plaque control methods and the periodontal involvement in a group of adults. OHDMBSC. 2007;6(3):12-8.

Al-Hussaini R, Al-Kandari M, Hamadi T, Al-Mutawa A, Honkala S, Memon A. Dental health knowledge, attitudes and behaviour among students at the Kuwait University Health Sciences Centre. Med Princ Pract. 2003;12(4):260-5.

Adekoya SM, Brustad M. Oral health of adults in northern Norway – A pilot study. Norsk Epidemiologi. 2012;22(1):31-8.

Skorupka W, Zurek K, Kokot T, Nowakowska-Zajdel E, Fatyga E, Niedworok E. Assesment of oral hygiene in adults. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2012;20(3):233-6.