DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20200977

Patient profile and treatment outcome in a tuberculosis unit in Kolkata, West Bengal

Jadab Chandra Sardar, Prasanta Ray Karmakar, Subrata Biswas

Abstract


Background: Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable. It is estimated that 1/3rd of current global population is infected asymptomatically with tuberculosis, of which 5-10% will develop clinical disease during life time.

Methods: This descriptive observational study was conducted in Tuberculosis Unit, Bagbazar, Kolkata. Initially demographic data and initial clinical data were collected. Then follow up data were collected until the end of treatment. Data were compiled and analysed. Frequency and percentages were calculated.

Results: Male patients were more (69.12%). Majority (61.76%) of the patients were in the age group of 19-50 years of age, followed by 50-60 years (17.64%). Common presenting complaints were cough (61.76%), fever (63.24%), loss of appetite (54.41%), respiratory distress (11.76%), haemoptysis (10.29%), loss of weight (10.29%), swelling of gland (5.88%). Success rate (treatment completed and cured) was about 90%.

Conclusions: Tuberculosis was found more in male and in active age group. Treatment of tuberculosis had a very high success rate.


Keywords


Clinical profile, Tuberculosis, Treatment outcome, Tuberculosis unit

Full Text:

PDF

References


Park K. Textbook of Preventive and Social medicine.25th eds.M/s Banarsidas Bhanot, Jabalpur, 2019:188.

WHO. Global tuberculosis report 2017. WHO, Geneva. 2018

WHO. TB incidence. WHO fact Sheet. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/ detail/ tuberculosis. Accessed on 10 November 2019.

State/UT-wise total Notification of TB Patient Including Private Notification for India from 2014-2016. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Available at https://data.gov.in/resources/stateut-wise-total-notification-tb-patient-including-private-notification-india-2014-2016. Accessed on 10 November 2019.

Government of India. Ministry of Health and Family welfare. TB notification. Available at https://tbc india.gov.in/showfile.php?lid=3136. Accessed on 10 November 2019.

Central TB Division. Directorate General of Health Services. National Strategic Plan for Tuberculosis Elimination 2017-2025. Ministry of Health with Family Welfare. 2017.

Saleem M, Shankar K, Sabeetha K. Socio-economic profile and risk factors among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Madurai, India: a cross sectional study. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015;3(12):3490-8.

Anuradha G, Muraleetharan G. Clinical profile of children with tuberculosis from a semi-urban referral centre in South India: a prospective observational study. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2019;6(4):1450-5.

Lamb AR, Khadilkar HA, Ali SAAS. Clinical profile and treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients under programmatic management in a tuberculosis unit at a tertiary care center. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5(7):2825-8.

Nagar V, Prasad P, Gour D, Singh AR, Pal DK. Screening for diabetes among tuberculosis patients registered under revised national tuberculosis control program, Bhopal, India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2018;7(6):141-5.

Central TB Division. Directorate General of Health Services. India TB Report 2018. Ministry of Health with Family Welfare. Government of India, New Delhi. 2017.

Karanjekar VD, Lokare PO, Gaikwad AV, Doibale MK, Gujrathi VV, Kulkarni AP. Treatment outcome and follow-up of tuberculosis patients put on directly observed treatment short-course under rural health training center, Paithan, Aurangabad in India. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2014;4(2):222-6.

Barman TK, Roy S, Hossain MA, Bhuiyan GR, Abedin S. Clinical presentation of adult pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB): a study of 103 cases from a tertiary care hospital. Med J. 2017;26(2):235-40.

Manjareekaa M, Nanda. Prevalence of HIV infection among tuberculosis patients in Eastern India. J Infect Public Health. 2013;6(5):358-62.

Soyam VC, Das J, Rajeeva TC, Pallavi BP, Kohli C. Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of HIV among tuberculosis patients of DOTS centre in Delhi. Asian J Med Sci. 2016;7(1):53-8.

Sharma D, Goel NK, Sharma MK, Walia DK, Thakare MM, Khaneja R. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its predictors among tuberculosis patients currently on treatment. Ind J Commu Med. 2018;43(4):302-6.

Kunoora A, Suseelab RPB, Rajc M, Thankappanc RC, James PT. Treatment outcomes of patients on non-Revised national tuberculosis control programme (private) anti-tuberculosis regimen from a tertiary-care centre in Kerala, India. Egyptian J Chest Dis Tubercul. 2019;68(1):24-7.