DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20200425

Awareness of vaccine cold chain handlers about vaccine cold chain in district Etawah

Shishir Kumar, Naresh Pal Singh, Pankaj Kumar Jain, Sandip Kumar

Abstract


Background: Vaccine potency can be lost when exposed to non-recommended temperatures. Hence for the proper running of the universal immunization programme (UIP) factors like vaccine cold chain and vaccine management wants great focus and attention skills and knowledge of the vaccine cold chain handlers so for good implementation of UIP vaccine cold chain handlers are important.

Methods: This was an observational cross-sectional study. Study duration was carried out from October 2017 to March 2018. All the 16 cold chain handlers of district Etawah were interviewed.

Results: All 16 (100.0%) were male and 1 (6.3%), 2 (12.5%), 8 (50.0%) and 5 (31.3%) of the respondents were high schools, intermediate, graduate, and post-graduate respectively. It had been observed that the hundred percent of the cold chain handlers with the knowledge of vaccine cold chain. It has been observed from the study that 15 (93.7%) cold chain handlers had knowledge of temperature range for vaccine storage.

Conclusions: Quality of immunization program depends upon cold chain management at peripheral health institutions. In our study, we have found that most of the vaccine handlers were reported to have appropriate knowledge regarding the cold chain.


Keywords


Cold chain handlers, Immunization, Vaccines, Holdover time

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organisation. Geneva: Children- Reducing mortalities. Available at: http://www. who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs178/en/. Accessed on 6 May 2019.

Action Global Health Advocacy Partnership. Washington DC: Vaccine Preventable Diseases. Available at: http://www.action.org/resources/ item/vaccine-preventable-deaths. Accessed on 6 May 2019.

World Health Organisation. Geneva: 10 Facts on immunization. Available at: http://www.who.int/ features/factfiles/immunization/en/. Accessed on 6 May 2019.

Park K. Park‘s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. 24th edition. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot; 2017.

Gupta A, Gupta R. Study of Cold Chain Practices at Community Health Centers of Damoh District of Madhya Pradesh. Natl J Community Med. 2015;6(4):528-32.

Bellamy C. Early childhood: The state of World’s children by United Nations Children’s Fund. UNICEF House: New York; 2004.

Government of India. Handbook for vaccine and cold chain handlers- India. 2nd edition. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; 2016.

Choudhury D, Baruah R, Ojah J. Knowledge and practices of cold chain handler (CCH) regarding cold chain equipment and vaccines storage in Chirang district, Assam. Int J Curr Res. 2016;7:35464-7.

Government of India. Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network (eVIN) Pilot Project in Bareilly and Shahjahanpur District (Uttar Pradesh), New Delhi: Immunisation Technical Support Unit (ITSU): MoHFW; 2015.

Sinha AK, Verma AR, Chandrakar A, Khes SP, Panda PS, Dixit S. Evaluation of cold chain and logistics management practice in Durg district of Chhattisgarh: pointer from Central India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:390-5.

Naik AK, Rupani MP, Bansal RK. Evaluation of vaccine cold chain in urban health centers of municipal corporation of Surat city, Western India. Int J Prev Med. 2013;4(12):1395-401.