DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20195212

Study of the effect of prior calorie intake on results of random blood sugar measurement for screening of diabetes mellitus

Nilesh C. Fichadiya, Nirav K. Nimavat, A. M. Kadri

Abstract


Background: Random blood sugar (RBS) is a commonly performed screening test for type 2 diabetes in both programmatic as well as clinical settings. Previous calorie intake is known to affect the results of RBS. So, present study was conducted to assess the effect of previous calorie intake on sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (NPV) and accuracy of RBS.

Methods: A cross sectional study was done in 317 patients of 30 years or more using systematic random sampling in a general outpatient department of a district hospital. All the patients underwent RBS measurement. History of calorie intake in past 1-2 hours before undergoing RBS was taken. Screening test parameters of RBS was evaluated using oral glucose tolerance test as clinical reference.

Results: This study found that calorie consumption of 200 kcal or more significantly affected the screening test result of RBS. When patient had consumed 200 kcal or more in last 1-2 hours, the sensitivity of RBS is 90.0%, specificity is 57.4%, positive predictive value (PPV) is 26.9% and NPV is 97.1%. Whereas, these parameters are 63.3%. 78.5%, 43.6% and 88.9% respectively when patient had consumed less than 200 kcal in last 1-2 hours before RBS.

Conclusions: Sensitivity and NPV of RBS is higher if patient had consumed more than 200 kcal 1-2 hours prior to RBS whereas specificity and PPV is higher if patient had consumed less than 200 kcal. Taking history of quantity and time of last meal would be helpful to better interpret the screening test results of RBS. 


Keywords


RBS, Screening test, Type 2 diabetes, Sensitivity, Specificity

Full Text:

PDF

References


Public Health Foundation of India. 2016. Available at: http://ccebdm.org/news.php. Accessed on 7 November 2019.

WHO. Diabetes country profiles 2016. Available at: http://www.who.int/diabetes/country-profiles/en/. Accessed on 11 September 2019.

National Programme For Prevention And Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS)- Operational Guidelines. India: Directorate General of Health Services Ministry of Health and Family welfare Government of India; 61.

NPCDCS. Non-Communicable Diseases. NRHM, 2016. Available at: https://nrhm.gujarat.gov.in/ npcdcs-cancer.htm. Accessed on 9 September 2019.

Moebus S, Gores L, Losch C, Jockel KH. Impact of time since last caloric intake on blood glucose levels. Eur J Epidemiol. 2011;26:719-28.

Products SD CodeFree, 2017. Available at: http://en.sdbiosensor.com/xe/product/2587?category=2310. Accessed on 3 July 2019.

ICMR. Dietary guidelines for Indians-a manual. 2nd ed. Nat Inst Nutrition; 2011.

Simmons D, Williams DR. Random blood glucose as a screening test for diabetes in a biethnic population. Diabet Med. 1994;11:830-5.

Engelgau MM, Thompson TJ, Smith PJ, Herman WH, Aubert RE, Gunter EW, et al. Screening for diabetes mellitus in adults: the utility of random capillary blood glucose measurements. Diabetes Care. 1995;18:463-6.