The variation of health seeking behaviour in urban households: an assessment on two selected residential areas in Sylhet

Parvin Begum, Mohammad Shafiqul Islam


Background: The study of health seeking behavior is a useful research for developing society like Bangladesh. Many factors such as socio-demographic, socio-cultural, socio-economic and health service system influence health seeking behavior. This study assessed the health seeking behavior among the households’ areas in Sylhet city.

Methods: This study has used multistage cluster sampling method for data collection. Using multistage cluster sampling, 150 were selected. A household survey questionnaire was used to collect data. Information about socio-demographic characteristics, socio-economic factors, socio-cultural factors by residential areas, and their influences on seeking health care have been gathered. Chi-square and uni-variate analysis has been applied in this study.

Results: The association between socio-economic status and the status of residential area has a significant relationship. The p value (0.005) indicates most of the socio-demographic factors except sanitary system associated with the status of residential households. The association among income range, total expenditure, medical expense, income interfere by perceiving illness, health insurance, main source of health care, reason for choosing specific source of health care and the pattern of health seeking behavior of the residential areas are statistically significant. Uni-variate analysis is an interaction between residence and reason for choosing specific health care on main source of health care among the households of the residential areas under this study (p=0.001).

Conclusions: Understanding of health seeking behaviour is essential to provide need-based health care services to the population. Many factors like gender, age, type of illness influence the health seeking behaviour.


Health seeking behaviour, Urban household, Residential areas, Bangladesh

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