Assessment of health education on knowledge regarding oral antidiabetic drug adherence in urban area, Bengaluru


  • Chethana Ramegowda Department of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Devanahalli, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Lakshmi Hulugappa Department of Community Medicine, Akash Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Devanahalli, Bangalore, Karnataka, India



Health education, Knowledge, Oral anti-diabetic drugs, Type 2 diabetes mellitus


Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease with a high mortality and morbidity. Knowledge regarding the disease is required for the management of drug adherence in diabetes, hence the present study was taken to assess the effectiveness of health education on knowledge regarding oral anti-diabetic drug adherence.

Methods: The study was conducted at urban health training centre of a medical college, Bengaluru from October 2015 to July 2016. A total of 70 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients were involved in this descriptive and interventional study. The study subjects included only on oral anti-diabetic drugs and willing to give informed consent. A pre-tested semi-structured proforma was administered and information about socio-demographic profile, and impact of health education intervention on knowledge was obtained.

Results: Most of the subjects were female (80%), in the age group of 35-45 years (34%), illiterate (40%), unemployed (67%) with class IV (78%) socio-economic status according to Modified Kuppuswamy classification 2014. The mean±SD age was 52.47±11.06 years. Significant improvement in knowledge regarding adherence to oral anti-diabetic medication was found in study subjects following health education intervention.

Conclusions: The study revealed that health education regarding the importance of drug adherence is needed in study subjects and there was significant improvement in knowledge after health education.


Park K. Park’s textbook of preventive and social medicine. 23rd ed. Jabalpur: M/s Banarasidas Bhanot; 2015.

World Diabetes Day 2018. Available at:

Hulugappa L, Ramegowda C. Impact of health education on attitude regarding oral anti-diabetic drug adherence in type 2 diabetes, Bengaluru. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018:5(11):4809-12.

Anjana RM, Ali MK, Pradeepa R, Deepa M, Datta M, Unnikrishnan R. The need for obtaining accurate nationwide estimates of diabetes prevalence in India - Rationale for a national study of diabetes. Indian J Med Res. 2011;133(4):369-80.

Banu S, Prasanth YM, Anjana K. Adherence to treatment among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients visiting a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore. IJBR. 2014;5(4):254-6.

Arulmozhi S, Mahalakshmy T. Self-care and medication adherence among type 2 diabetics in Puducherry, Southern India: a hospital-based study. J Clin Diag Res. 2014;8(4):1-3.

Sweileh WM, Zyoud SH, AbuNab’a RJ, Deleq MI, Enaia MI, Nassar SM, et al. Influence of patients’ disease knowledge and beliefs about medicines on medication adherence: findings from a cross-sectional survey among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Palestine. Biomed Central Pub Health. 2014;14:94.

Upadhyay DK, Palaian S, Shankar PR, Mishra P, Pokhara N. Knowledge, attitude and practice about diabetes among diabetic patients in Western Nepal. Rawal Med J. 2008;33:8-11.

McPherson ML, Smith SW, Powers A, Zuckerman IH. Association between diabetes patients' knowledge about medications and their blood glucose control. Res Social Adm Pharm. 2008;4(1):37-45.

Somannavar S, Lanthorn H, Pradeepa R, Narayanan V, Rema M, Mohan V. Prevention awareness counselling and evaluation (PACE) diabetes project: a mega multi-pronged program for diabetes awareness and prevention in South India (PACE- 5) J Assoc Physicians India. 2008;56:429-35.

Abdo NM, Mohamed ME. Effectiveness of health education program for type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending zagazig university diabetes clinic, Egypt. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2010;85(3):113-30.

Hawthorne K, Robles Y, Cannings-John R, Edwards AG. Culturally appropriate health education for type 2 diabetes mellitus in ethnic minority groups. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;(3):CD006424.

Palaian S, Acharya LD, Rao PGM, Shankar PR, Nair NM, Nair NP. Knowledge, attitude, and practice outcomes: evaluating the impact of counselling in hospitalized diabetic patients in India. J Pharmacol. 2005;4:1-13.




How to Cite

Ramegowda, C., & Hulugappa, L. (2019). Assessment of health education on knowledge regarding oral antidiabetic drug adherence in urban area, Bengaluru. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 7(1), 232–235.



Original Research Articles