DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20195849

Assessment of risk of developing diabetes using Indian diabetes risk score in the urban field practice area of Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore

Nazia N. Shaik, Swapna M. Jaswanth, Shashikala Manjunatha

Abstract


Background: Diabetes is one of the largest global health emergencies of the 21st century. As per International Federation of Diabetes some 425 million people worldwide are estimated to have diabetes. The prevalence is higher in urban versus rural (10.2% vs 6.9%). India had 72.9 million people living with diabetes of which, 57.9% remained undiagnosed as per the 2017 data. The objectives of the present study were to identify subjects who at risk of developing Diabetes by using Indian diabetes risk score (IDRS) in the Urban field practice area of Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital (RRMCH).

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted using a Standard questionnaire of IDRS on 150 individuals aged ≥20 years residing in the Urban field practice area of RRMCH. The subjects with score <30, 30-50, >or =60 were categorized as having low risk, moderate risk and high risk for developing diabetes type-2 respectively.

Results: Out of total 150 participants, 36 (24%) were in high-risk category (IDRS≥60), the majority of participants 61 (41%) were in the moderate-risk category (IDRS 30–50) and 53 (35%) participants were found to be at low-risk (<30) for diabetes. Statistical significant asssociation was found between IDRS and gender, literacy status, body mass index (p<0.0000l).

Conclusions: It is essential to implement IDRS which is a simple tool for identifying subjects who are at risk for developing diabetes so that proper intervention can be carried out at the earliest to reduce the burden of diabetes.


Keywords


Diabetes, IDRS, Urban area

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