DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20195467

Effect of yoga on physical and various hematological parameters

Ashish Bijaykrishna Banerjee, Anita Ashish Banerjee, Lokendra Kumar Sharma, Susheel Kumar

Abstract


Background: Yoga is a physical, mental and spiritual practice that has been around since ages. With time, people have discovered a number of health benefits associated with yoga.

Methods: This longitudinal interventional study intended to evaluate the effect of yoga intervention on physical health and various hematological parameters. Thirty five healthy individuals between the age group of 18 to 45 years participated in the study. After a written informed consent, the individuals underwent various types of yoga exercises for 90 days under supervision of professional yoga trainer. Impact on body mass index (BMI), pulse rate, blood pressure (BP), and various haematological parameters like hemoglobin percentage (Hb %), white blood cell (WBC) count, platelet count, were taken under consideration before and after training. Statistical analysis was performed using paired t-test.

Results: Significant reduction in BMI, BP and rise in Hb % and platelet (p<0.05) was observed. However, although WBC count showed improvement, the difference was statistically non-significant. No adverse events were observed during the study period.

Conclusions: The present study findings highlight the importance of yoga in improving physical health and hematological markers.


Keywords


Yoga, BMI, Hematological markers, Hemoglobin

Full Text:

PDF

References


Basavaraddi IV. Yoga. Available at: https://www .nhp.gov.in/yoga_mty. Accessed on 12 August 2019.

Sujatha T, Judie A. An Effectiveness of a 12-Week Yoga Program on Physiopsychological Parameters in Patients with Hypertension. Int J Pharm Clin Res. 2014;6(4):329-35.

Walters JD. The art and science of raja yoga: fourteen steps to higher awareness. Delhi, India: 2002.

Feuerstein G. The yoga tradition: its history, literature, philosophy, and practice. New Delhi, India: Bhavana Books; 2002.

Brown RP, Gerbarg PL. Sudarshan Kriyayogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, anddepression: part I- neurophysiologic model. J Alternat Complementary Med. 2005;11(1):189–201.

Baer RA. Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review. Clin Psychol. 2013;10(2):125–43.

Tripathy JP, Thakur JS. Integration of yoga with modern medicine for promotion of cardiovascular health. Int J Non-communicable Dis. 2017;2(3):64-8.

International Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Centres: The Five Points of Yoga. Available at: http://www. sivananda.org/teachings/fivepoints.html. Accessed on 12 August 2019.

Manchanda S. Yoga as a lifestyle polypill. J Prev Cardiol. 2016;5:881-7.

Baldwin MC. Psychological and physiological influences of hatha yoga training on healthy, exercising adults (yoga, stress, wellness). Boston University, USA; 1999.

Cowen VS, Adams TB. Physical and perceptual benefits of yoga asana practice: results of a pilot study. J Bodywork Movement Therap. 2005;9(3):211–9.

Tew GA, Howsam J, Hardy M, Bissell L. Adapted yoga to improve physical function and health-related quality of life in physically-inactive older adults: a randomised controlled pilot trial. BMC Geriatrics. 2017;17:131.

Woodyard C. Exploring the therapeutic effects of yoga and its ability to increase quality of life. Int J Yoga. 2011;4(2):49–54.

Sharma P, Kumar P. Scope of yoga practices in hematological and biochemical alterations. Asian J Pharm Clin Res. 2016;9(1):73-5.

Taneja DK. Yoga and health. Indian J Community Med. 2014;39(2):68-72.

Balaji PA, Smitha VR, Sadat AS. Effects of yoga- pranayama practices on metabolic parameters and anthropometry in type 2 diabetes. Int Multidiscip Res J. 2011;1:1–4.

Satyanarayana P, Benerji GV, Dulala RK, Meka FB, Kummari NR. Effect of yoga on heart rate, BP, body mass index. IOSR J Dent Med Sci. 2013;8(2):36-9.

Tyagi A, Cohen M. Yoga and heart rate variability: A comprehensive review of the literature. Intl J Yoga. 2016;9(2):97-113.

Thayer JF, Hansen AL, Saus-Rose E, Johnsen BH. Heart rate variability, prefrontal neural function, and cognitive performance: the neurovisceral integration perspective on self-regulation, adaptation, and health. Ann Behav Med. 2009;37:141–53.

Vinay AV, Venkatesh D, Ambarish V. Impact of short-term practice of yoga on heart rate variability. Intl J Yoga. 2016;9(1):62-6.

Tyagi A, Cohen M. Yoga and heart rate variability: A comprehensive review of the literature. Intl J Yoga. 2016;9(2):97-113.

Bowman AJ, Clayton RH, Murray A, Reed JW, Subhan MM, Ford GA. Effects of aerobic exercise training and Yoga on the baroreflex in healthy elderly persons. Eur J Clin Invest. 1997;27:443–9.

Singh MU, Ghildiyal A, Kala S, Srivastava N. Effect of Yoga Nidra on physiological variables in patients of menstrual disturbances of reproductive age group. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2012;56:161–7.

Bradycardia. Available at: https://www.health.Harv ard.edu/a_to_z/bradycardia-a-to-z. Accessed on 12 August 2019.

Ramanath B, Shaik T, Reddy MS. A randomized control study of yoga on anemic patients. Int J Res Med Sci. 2013;1(3):240-2.

Priya JV, Kanniammal C, Mahendra J, Valli G. Impact of Yoga on BP and Quality of life in patients with hypertension. Int J Pharm Clin Res. 2017;9(5):413-6.

Gadham J, Sajja S, Rooha V. Effect of Yoga on obesity, hypertension and lipid profile. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015;3(5):1061-5.

Murugesan R, Govindarajulu N, Bera TK. Effect of selected Yogic practices on the management of hypertension. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2000;44:207-10.

Sahay BK. Yoga and diabetes. Novo Nordisk Diabetes. 1994;1:159-67.

CallePascual AL, Rodriguez C, Camacho F, Sanchez R, Martin-Alvarez E, Yuste, et al. Behaviour modification in obese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1992;15:157-62.

Joseph S, Sridhar K, Patel SKB, Kumaria ML, Selvamurthy W, Joseph NT, et al. Study of some physiological and biochemical parameters in subjects undergoing yoga training. Indian J Medicine Res. 1981;74;120-4.

Anand BK. Yoga and medical seicences. Indian J Physio Pharmocol. 1991;35(2):84-7.

Selvamurthy W, Nayar HS, Joseph NT, Joseph S. Physiological effects of yogic practice. Nimhans J. 1983.

Vijayalakshmi P, Mohan M, Bhavanani AB, Patil A, Kumar BP. Modulation of stress induced by isometric hand grip test in hypertensive patients following yogic relaxation training. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2004;48(1):59-60.

Bhargava R, Gogate MG, Macarenhas JF. Autonomic responses to breath holding and its variations following pranayama. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1988;32(4):257-64.

Gopal KS, Bhatnagar OP, Subramanian N, Nishith SD. Effect of yogasana and pranayamas on blood pressure, pulse rate and some respiratory functions. Indian J Physiol Pharmocol. 1973;17(3);273-6.

Devasena I, Narhare P. Effect of Yoga on heart rate and BP and its clinical significance. Int J Biol Med Res. 2011;2(3):750-3.

Udupa KN, Singh RH. The scientific basis of yoga. J Am Med Assn. 1972;220(10):1365.

Sayyed A, Patil J, Chavan V, Patil S, Charugulla S, Sontakke A, et al. Study of lipid profile and pulmonary functions in subjects participated in SudarshanKriya Yoga. Al Ameen J Med Sci. 2010;3(1):42-9.

Mairbäurl H. Red blood cells in sports: effects of exercise and training on oxygen supply by red blood cells Front Physiol. 2013;4:332.

Purohit G, Chawla VK, Harsoda JM. Effect of Yoga on Various Heamatological Parameters in Young Healthy Individuals. Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sci. 2011;13(17):425-7.

Chohan IS, Nayar HS, Thomas P, Geetha NS Influence of yoga on blood coagulation. Int J Vascular Biol Med. 1984;51(2):196-7.