DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20195038

Relationship between history of household contact and rate of leprosy in Central Jakarta area in 2017

Lika Iriana Risda Putri, Ahmad Haykal A. R. Bubakar, Nenden Lilis Setiasih

Abstract


Background: Leprosy is a disease whose mode of transmission is not known with certainty. It is based solely on the classic notion that it is transmitted through prolonged and close direct contact between the skin and inhalation because Mycobacterium leprae can live several days in a droplet. The objectives of this research are to find out whether or not there is a relationship between household contact and leprosy and to find out how the relationship between household contact and leprosy.

Methods: This is an observational descriptive research that applies a case control design. The samples were taken using a simple random sampling method that obtained 34 people.

Results: The research results obtained a p-value of 0.003 which is smaller than the value of α=(5%). It shows that there is a significant relationship between the history of household contact and leprosy in the Central Jakarta area in 2017.

Conclusions: The relationship that occurs between the history of household contact and leprosy shows a negative correlation that a person who has a history of household contact with a person affected by leprosy does not all suffer from leprosy. Meanwhile, there are many people who do not have a history of household contact who suffer from leprosy.


Keywords


Leprosy, Household contact, Case control

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