DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20195827

Uptake of routine growth monitoring among children under 9 months in Nyamira County, Kenya

Edna Nyanchama Nyangechi, Andre Yitambe, Kenneth Kibaraa Rucha, Justus O. S. Osero

Abstract


Background: The health and nutritional status of children can be assessed through routine growth monitoring (RGM). This provides opportunities for implementation of interventions aimed at reducing under five mortality rates, infectious diseases and malnutrition. The objective of the study was to find out the level of uptake of routine growth monitoring among caregivers of children aged below 9 months in Nyamira County, Kenya.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study.

Results: Only 21.1% of the caregivers consistently took their children for RGM. About 78.9% of caregivers had skipped RGM visits for their children in the last eight months at least once or more. About 45.8% of caregivers skipped RGM visits twice, 31.7% thrice, 20.4% once and 2.1% skipped four times. Uptake of RGM was not significantly associated with caregivers’ level of education (p=0.052), marital status (p=0.099), occupation (p=0.081), monthly income (p=0.941), distance to nearby health facility (p=0.774) and place of residence (p=0.330). Caregivers who skipped RGM visits gave various reasons including forgetting to come again  dates (91.5%), child not sick (77.5%), healthcare providers advising them not to go for RGM since there was no scheduled vaccination (67.6%), among others.

Conclusions: There is need for healthcare providers capacity building on their role in improving RGM since most of them discourage caregivers unless for those with scheduled immunization. Policy makers and implementers in the health sector should formulate relevant policies especially targeted at reminding caregivers on monthly RGM for their children aged below 9 months.

 


Keywords


Routine, Growth monitoring, Children, Health, Nutrition

Full Text:

PDF

References


Griffiths M, Dickin E, Favin M. Promoting the Growth of Children: What Works. World Bank Nutrition Toolkit. The Human Development Department, The World Bank; 1996.

Dona S. Promoting Optimal Monitoring of Child Growth in Canada Using the New WHO Growth Charts. Dietitians of Canada & Canadian Paediatric Society; 2010.

British Columbia. World Health Organization Growth Chart Training. Ministry of Health; 2011.

World Health Organization. Essential Nutrition Actions: Improving Maternal, Newborn, Infant and Young Child Health and Nutrition. WHO Press, Geneva Switzerland; 2013.

Feleke FW, Anato AA, Bezabih A. Utilization of Growth Monitoring and Promotion Services and Associated Factors among under two years of age Children in Southern Ethiopia. PLoS. 2017;12:5.

Debuo DT, Kubi AP, Kweku M, Asalu AG, Ahiab SY, Kwami TW, et al. Caregivers’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Child Growth Monitoring and Promotion Activities in Lawra District, Upper West Region of Ghana. Sci J Public Health. 2017;5:1.

Gyampoh S, Otoo G, Aryeetey R. Child feeding knowledge and practices among women participating in GMP in Accra, Ghana. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2014;14:180.

Mwari KL, Keraka M, Simbauni J. Care Giver Determinants of Utilization of Growth Monitoring Clinic among Children Aged 12-59 Months in Urban Kiambu County, Kenya. Int J Innov Res Adv Studies. 2017;4(6):334-8.

Nyamira County Government. First County Integrated Development Plan. Nyamira County, Kenya; 2017.

Nyabuti I J. Factors Associated with the Continuation of Growth Monitoring among Children 10-59 months in Nyamira County, Kenya; 2015.

Worku A. Prevalence of childhood illness and mothers’/caregivers’ care seeking behavior in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia: A descriptive community-based cross-sectional study. Open J Prev Med. 2013;3(2):155-9.

Kwambai TK, Dellicour S, Desai M, Ameh CA, Person B, Achieng F, et al. Perspectives of men on antenatal and delivery care service utilization in rural western Kenya: a qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2013;13:134.

Agbozo F, Esi, C, Jahn A, Timothy G. Understanding why child welfare clinic attendance and growth of children in the nutrition surveillance programme is below target: lessons learnt from a mixed methods study in Ghana. BMC Nursing. 2018;17-25.

Scherdel P, Jean FS, Marie N, Laura R, Gabriella P, Elke J, et al. Growth Monitoring: A Survey of Current Practices of Primary Care Paediatricians in Europe. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:8.

Charlton KE, Kawana BM, Hendricks MK. An assessment of the effectiveness of growth monitoring and promotion practices in the Lusaka district of Zambia. Nutrition, 2009;25(10):1035–46.