Attitude of medical students towards learning communication skills in a medical college in Tamil Nadu
Keywords:Attitude, Communication skills, Medical students, Doctor patient relationship
Background: Effective communication plays a crucial role in establishing strong Doctor patient relationship which plays a dominant role in the treatment. Since Attitude forms the basis for the behaviour, the attitude of the students towards learning communication skills have major impact on developing effective communication skills. The objective of this study is to assess the level of attitude of medical students towards learning communication skills.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted over 2 months among first to 4th year medical students in Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical College and Research Centre, Kancheepuram using communication skills attitude scale. Data regarding the attitude and various socio demographic profile were collected through self-administered questionnaire. Hierarchical cluster analysis and K mean cluster analysis was done and Chi square test applied to find out association between the attitude and demographic variables.
Results: With K mean cluster analysis, 183 students (47.9%) had high and 52.1% had moderate attitude towards learning communication skills. There is no significant association between socio demographic profiles and attitude towards learning communication skills except for the year of study and the gender.
Conclusions: Overall all the students showed positive attitude towards learning communication skills, however there was decrease in level of attitude with higher the year of study.
Ha JF, Longnecker N. Doctor-patient communication: a review. Ochsner J. 2010;10(1):38–43.
Shankar PR, Dubey AK, Subish P, Deshpande VY. Attitudes of First-Year Medical Students Towards the Doctor Patient Relationship.JNMA. 2006;45:196-203.
Madhan B, Rajpurohit A, Gayathri H. Attitudes of Postgraduate Orthodontic Students in India Towards Patient-Centered Care. Journal of Dental Education January. 2011;75(1):107-14.
Varma J, Prabhakaran A, Singh S. Perceived need and attitudes towards communication skill training in recently admitted undergraduate medical students. Indian J Med Ethics. 2018;3(3):196-200.
Wright K, Bylund C, Ware J, Parker P, Query J, Baile W. Medical Student Attitudes Toward Communication Skills Training and Knowledge of Appropriate Provider-Patient Communication: A Comparison of First-Year and Fourth-Year Medical Students. Med Educ Online. 2006;11(1):4594.
Rees C, Sheard C, Davies S. The development of a scale to measure medical students' attitudes towards communication skills learning: the Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS). Med Educ. 2002;36:141-7.
Anvik T, Gude T, Grimstad H, Baerheim A, Fasmer O, Hjortdahl P. Assessing medical students' attitudes towards learning communication skills – which components of attitudes do we measure?. BMC Med Educ. 2007;7(1):4.
Kaufman DM, Laidlaw TA, Langille D, Sargeant J, MacLeod H. Differences in medical students' attitudes and self-efficacy regarding patient-doctor communication. Acad Med. 2001;76(2):188.
Fazel I, Aghamolaei T. Attitudes Toward Learning Communication Skills Among Medical Students of a University in Iran. Acta Medica Iranica. 2011;49(9):625-629.
Chandran P, Lilabi M P, Thavody J. Learning of communication skills – What is the attitude of medical interns? - A study from a medical college in north Kerala. J Educ Technol Health Sci. 2017;4(3):102-6.