A hospital based exploratory study to assess the reasons and timings of seeking abortion services in a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai

Suradharadhika Ramkrishna, Nirbha Shirish Ghurye, Prashant Vilas Howal


Background: The adoption of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act has allowed for abortion on the grounds of medical and social reasons since 1972.The aim of the present study is to establish the demographic of women seeking abortion care services and to determine the role of different factors in the timing of seeking an abortion.

Methods: A retrospective hospital record-based study was carried out among pregnant women seeking an MTP in a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai. The records of women seeking MTP over a 5-year period from January 2012 to December 2016 were accessed and data pertaining to their demographic and obstetric history was recorded. Statistical tests of significance and analysis were done.

Results: A total of 803 women underwent an MTP from January 2012 to December 2016. The number of deliveries during the same time period was 13735. The most common age group was 25-30 years. Stratification in terms of the educational backgrounds showed that 45.7% had received only secondary school education while 12.7% had no schooling. Majority of the women (74.8%) availed an MTP in the first trimester, out of which, most of them (36.9%) had 2 previous pregnancies. Most women coming in the second trimester (43.6%) hadn’t conceived before.

Conclusions: Education didn’t seem to be a significant factor in determining the timing of seeking an MTP. School education did not necessarily include exposure to sexual education. Experience in terms of parity was more relevant in identifying signs of pregnancy and seeking appropriate services in a timely manner.


Medical termination of pregnancy, Safe abortion, Hospital based retrospective study, Timing and Mumbai

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