Published: 2019-09-26

Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among male adolescents in urban and rural areas of Dehradun

Chetanjit Baruah, Kajal Gupta, Sudhir Kumar Gupta, Pankaj Kumar Mishra


Background: Substance abuse is a serious problem because it is engulfing the younger generation with serious health, social and economic concern. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of substance abuse among male adolescents and study the habit pattern of substance abusers.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 776 male adolescents residing in urban and rural field practice areas under the department of Community Medicine, through randomly selected house to house visit. Data regarding the current use of alcohol and tobacco was collected in a predesigned and pretested proforma by oral questionnaire method.

Results: The prevalence of substance abuse among male adolescents was found to be 22.8% and majority of them used some form of smokeless tobacco, followed by smoking tobacco. Consumption of alcohol or tobacco by adolescents is significantly associated with alcohol or tobacco consumption by their family members.

Conclusions: Prevalence of substance abuse was high among the male adolescents and they should be motivated through IEC to give up the habit. 


Adolescents, Alcohol, Substance abuse, Smoking tobacco, Smokeless tobacco

Full Text:



Drug abuse in India, 2010. Available at: Accessed on 25 July 2019.

Sarangi L, Acharya HP, Panigrahi OP. Substance Abuse among Adolescents in urban slums of Sambalpur. IJCM. 2008;33(4):265-7.

Miller WR, Sanchez VC, Alcohol use and misuse by young adult. In: Dame N, ed. University of Notre Dame Press; 1994: 55-81.

Tsering D, Pal R, Dasgupta A. Licit and illicit substance use by adolescent students in eastern India: Prevalence and associated risk factors. J Neurosciences Rural Practice. 2010;1(2):76-81.

Ahmad A, Khalique N, Khan Z. Analysis of substance abuse among male adolescents. Iranian J Pediatr. 2009;19(4):399-403.

Naik PR, Seema S, Gokhe B, Shinde R, Nirgude AS. Street children of Mumbai: Demographic Profile and Substance Abuse. Biomed Res. 2011;22(4):495-8.

Kokiwar PR, Rao G, Jogdand S. Prevalence of substance among male adolescents in an urban slum area of Karimnagar district, Andhra Pradesh. Indian J Public Health. 2011;55(1):42-5.

Deswal BS, Jindal AK, Gupta KK. Epidemiology of Alcohol Use among Residents of Remote hills of Arunachal Pradesh. Indian J Community Med. 2006;31(2):88-9.

Saxena V, Saxena Y, Kishore G, Kumar P. A study on substance abuse among school going male adolescents of Doiwala block, Dehradun. Indian J Public Health. 2010;54(4):197-200.

Padnekar MS, Gupta PC. Tobacco use among school children in Goa. Indian J Public Health. 2004;48(3):147-52.

Mohan S, Sarma SP, Thankappan KR. Access to pocket money and low educational performance predict tobacco use among adolescent boys in Kerala. Prev Med. 2005;41(2):685-92 .

Siziya S, Muula AS, Rudatsikira E. Prevalence and Correlates of current cigarette smoking among adolescents in East Timor Leste. Indian J Pediatr. 2008;45:963-68.

Muttapppallymyalil J, Sreedharan J, Divakaran B. Smokeless tobacco consumption among school children. Indian J Cancer. 2010;47(1):19-23.

Shenoy RP, Shenai P, Ganesh K, Panchmal S, Kotian SM. Tobacco use among rural school children of 13-15 years age group: a cross sectional study. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35(3):433-5.