DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20194517

Assessment of knowledge on non-communicable diseases and their screening tests among elderly population in an urban area of Bengaluru

Chethana Ramegowda, Soubhagya Kathali, Pushpa Rajanna

Abstract


Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of morbidity and premature mortality in most low and middle income countries (LMIC) around the world. Recent estimates shown that about 80% of NCDs deaths occur in LMIC and nearly three fourth of global NCDs related deaths take place after the age of 60. The knowledge of NCDs and their related screening tests among elderly is essential for early detection which reduces further development of the disease and its complications, thereby reducing the burden of health care cost. Hence, the present study was undertaken.

Methods: A descriptive study was conducted among 245 study subject after obtaining informed consent. Using pre-tested structured questionnaire, information was collected regarding knowledge on NCDs and their screening tests. Results were entered in Microsoft excel and analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Results: 81.6% of study subjects were aware of common NCDs. Off which only 02% were aware of 6 NCDs (out of 12 NCDs considered in this study). Regarding individual diseases, about 61.6% subjects were aware of Hypertension and 52.7% about DM. About knowledge of screening test, 69% were aware about any screening test and 58.8% were aware of screening test for hypertension and 41.6% for diabetes mellitus.

Conclusions: The overall knowledge regarding NCDs and their screening tests is poor among elderly population. 


Keywords


Non-communicable diseases, Knowledge, Screening tests, Elderly, Urban area

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sharma K. Burden of Non Communicable Diseases in India: Setting priority for Action. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013;2:7-11.

Parsekar SS, Ashok L, Monteiro AD, Singh MM, Bhumika TV. Modifiable life style associated risk factors for non-communicable diseases among students of pre-university college of Udupi taluk. Global J Med Public Health. 2015;4(2):1-7.

Wu F, Guo Y, Chatterji S, Zheng Y, Naidoo N, Jiang Y, et al. Common risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases among older adults in China, Ghana, Mexico, India, Russia and South Africa: the study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) wave 1. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:88.

Pratima Y, Kulkarni V, Gaiha R. 2018. Growing Burden of Non-Communicable Diseases in India. University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2018-20. Available at: https://repository.upenn.edu/psc_publications/20. Accessed on 8 April 2018.

World Health Organization. Screening, 2018. Available at: http://www.who.int/cancer/ prevention/diagnosis-screening/screening/en/. Accessed on 8 April 2018.

Bhise MD, Patra S, Chaudhary M. Geographical variation in prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and its correlates in India: evidence from recent NSSO survey. J Public Health. 2018;26(5):559-67.

Mane KS, Maganalli A, Nawaz AS. A comparative study on awareness about non-communicable diseases and their risk factors among government and private high school students of Davangere city. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;5:2026-29.

Feng L, Li P, Wang X, Hu Z, Ma Y, Tang W, et al. Distribution and Determinants of Non Communicable Diseases among Elderly Uyghur Ethnic Group in Xinjiang, China. PLoS One. 2014;9(8):e105536.

Kalavathy MC, Thankappan KR, Sarma PS, Vasan RS. Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in an elderly community-based sample in Kerala, India. Natl Med J India. 2000;13(1):9-15.

Kaur J, Singh H, Kalra RK, Kaur D. Knowledge and practice regarding diabetes and hypertension among elderly patients attending medicine out-patient department at Guru Nanak Dev Hospital, Amritsar. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:3781-5.