ICDS: is it reaching the all child beneficiaries?

N. Pragathi Kumar, Tagaram Ramchandra


Background: The beneficiaries under the scheme are children in the age group of 0-6 years, pregnant women and lactating mothers, women in the age group of 15-44 years and adolescent girls in selected blocks. Irrespective of caste, religion, socioeconomic status all beneficiaries are eligible for availing of services under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme. BPL is not a criterion for registration of beneficiaries under ICDS2. Present study is to recognize whether all categories of people are utilizing the services or not irrespective of economic status, religion etc.

Methods: Descriptive observational study done for period of one year, sampling done by multi stage (random) method. Study conducted in ICDS centers in the field practicing area of Kakatiya medical college Warangal, Telangana, India. 622 children from 31 anganwadi centres of 0 to 6 year age were included.

Results: Majority (71.7%) were belongs to ‘0 to 3’ years of age group, male (50%) and female (50%) were equally in distribution. majority (78.3%) were Hindus. Majority parents (father-84.9, mother 84.2) were literates and mothers were unemployed/housewives, fathers were skilled workers (28%) followed by farmers (22%). Majority were (35.4%) belonged to middle, followed by lower middle (30.2%) level of socio economic status.

Conclusions: There were less number of 3 to 6 years age category population in the study, means that age group is not getting covered properly by ICDS. Two extremes (higher and lower categories) of education, occupation, socio economic status parents were not properly utilising the ICDS services for their children.


ICDS, Anganwadi, Child beneficiaries

Full Text:



Integrated Child Development Service Scheme, Ministry of Women & Child Development, India New Delhi, 2012. Available at: Accessed on 11 September 2018.

Park K. Park’s Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 24th edition. Jabalpur: Bhanot publications; 2017: 627-630.

International Institute for Population Sciences Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Mumbai, Maharashtra, National Family Health survey, NFHS-3 REPORT. Available at: nfhs/factsheet.shtml. Accessed on 3 June 2019.

Surwade JB, Mantri SB, Wadagale AV. Utilization of ICDS Scheme in Urban and Rural Area of Latur District with Special Reference to Pediatric Beneficiaries. Int J Recent Trends Sci Technol. 2013;5(3):107-10.

Yesmin F, Baruah R. A comparative study on gender disparity in nutritional status in children under five years in rural and urban communities of Assam, India. Indian J Community Health. 2014;26(2):1.

Bangaruthalli programme scrapped in Telangana (internet- telugu language), Andhrjyoti ABN, Available at: SID=240671. Accessed on 13 May 2016.

Shanawaz M, Sundar JS. An evaluation of primary immunization coverage among icds children under urban field practice area of osmania medical college, Hyderabad. J Evol Med Dent Sci. 2014;3(4):30.

Imran M, Subramanian M, Subrahmanyam G, Seeri J, Pradeep C, Jayan M. Impact of nutrition education and supplementary nutrition under ICDS scheme on nutritional status of preschool children in rural field practice area. National J Community Med. 2014;5(1):109.

Rao B V (Mumbai), first “India has 79.8% Hindus, 14.2% Muslims, says 2011 census data on religion” Aug 26, 2015 10:30 IST Available at: Accessed on 3 June 2019.

Brahmam GNV, Venkaiah K, Laxmaiah A, Meshram II, Rao KM, Reddy CG, et al. Assessment of Nutritional Status of under five year rural children in the Districts of Madhya Pradesh State- Panna district. National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council Med Res. 2011.

Mamatha IV, Reddy NK. Nutritional Status Of Pre-School Children Attending Anganwadi Centres In Tirupati, Andhra prades, India. IOSR J Nursing Health Sci. 2015;4:139-43.

Dattatreya D, Gajula M, Bathija GV, Bant, Lokare L, Godbole M, et al. Protein energy malnutrition: knowledge of the mother a significant associate of child’s nourishment status, a study among 1-6 year children and their mothers in urban slums of old hubli. J Evol Med Dent Sci. 2014: 14194.

Mittal A, Sing J. Effect of maternal factors on nutritional status of 1-5-year-old children in urban slum population. Indian J Community Med. 2007;32:264-7.

Nagaraja GM, Anil, Ravishankar S, Muninarayana C. Building Social Relationships and Health Habits at Anganwadi center: A Sociological Study of Anganwadi Children and I.C.D.S. Programme, Kolar District, Karnataka State. Int J Humanities Social Sci Invention. 2014;3(5):32-6.

Ramesh N, Masthi NR, Gangaboraiah, Kulkarni P. An exploratory study on socio economic status scales in a rural and urban setting. J Family Med Primary Care. 2013;2(1):69-73.